|Urban Area||Resident Population||13,071 (2013 Census)|
Havelock North is a suburb in Hastings, New Zealand, in the North Island's Hawke's Bay region. It ranked as a borough for many years until the 1989 reorganisation of local government saw it merged into the new Hastings District, and is now administered by the Hastings District Council. Department of Internal Affairs information about the Hastings District Council
Location, features and population
The suburb, known locally as "the village", stands on the Heretaunga Plains, and has a reputation for its orchards, vineyards, and educational facilities. One of New Zealand's most important wine regions spreads around the area. The town's industry is based around its fruit and wine production, and includes a horticultural research centre. The Village is located less than 2 km to the South East of the Districts larger urban centre Hastings founded in 1875. The gap between the two centres often comes under pressure to construct new housing, however the highly valuable and fertile soils that lie between the two centres continue to prevent urban sprawl linking them together. Havelock North itself is primarily residential and Rural-Residential housing, with only a relatively small and compact industrial and commercial centre. As a result a large majority of its 13,000 residents commute each morning to the nearby Hastings or Napier cities for work.
Havelock North is situated at the base of the prominent landmark Te Mata Peak, a 399-metre outcrop, which according to local Māori legend is the body of a giant, Te Mata o Rongokako, and the depression in the land visible behind his head according to the myth is where he tried to bite through the mountain range which filled his stomach turning him to stone. A book about the legend can be purchased from the Te Mata Kindergarten which graphically depicts the sleeping giant.
Havelock North is generally hilly, as it is on the foothills of Te Mata Peak and small gullies have been formed by the creeks and streams flowing from Te Mata Peak, resulting in a small amount of inaccessible or steep land which is converted into forests, parks or reserves, giving the image of naturally having many bushes and trees.
As you enter Havelock North from Hastings you cross a bridge over the Karamu Stream. The deeply incised channel provides a hint that this was once a much larger stream. In the early 1800's this stream was part of the much larger Ngaruroro River system, and was once called the "River Plassey" after one of the early European settlers. Early survey plans of Havelock North show Ferry landings where boats would sail up and down the river to collect and deliver supplies. Unfortunately a number of large floods during the mid 1800's diverted the Ngaruroro River to its current course further north away from Havelock North and is now referred to as the Karamu Stream. During the devastating 1931 earthquake the bridge over the Karamu was completely destroyed, See National Archives Photo 1 and Photo 2 in these photos you can see the towns water main being supported in mid air. Both Hastings and Havelock North obtain very pure water from secure confined aquifer systems. The Te Mata aquifer that feeds Havelock North is very similar to Hastings in quality, but has slightly elevated calcium levels, whereas Hastings is situated directly over the very productive and pure Heretaunga Plains aquifer system (Heretaunga Plains Groundwater Study, Exec Summary - File 500Kb) and (Heretaunga Plains Groundwater Study, Volume 1 - File 9MB). These aquifers are part of the life blood that support the varying Horticulture and Viticulture activities within the region. The mixture of pure water, fertile soils and climate are well known for providing some of the greatest wines, fruits and vegetables in the world!
Areas within Havelock North include Anderson Park, Iona, Havelock North Central, Te Mata and Te Mata Hills, from the census units of Statistics NZ.
Havelock North took its name from Sir Henry Havelock, a hero of the Indian Mutiny campaign, thus keeping with the local habit of naming towns after prominent men from Imperial India. Its founders originally envisaged a larger town for the site, but when the Wellington-Napier rail line went through the area in 1874 it took a direct route some distance from Havelock North, and Hastings became a more logical choice for residents
Notable residents include:
- Alan Duff (born 1950), novelist
- Alfred Meebold (1863–1952), botanist, writer, and anthroposopher (died at Havelock North)
- Dr Robert William Felkin (1853–1926), medical missionary, ceremonial magician, author on Uganda and Central Africa, explorer, and early anthropologist
Many of Havelock North's residents are those who commute to downtown Hastings or Napier who prefer rural or suburban life.
The town is better-endowed educationally than many of its size.
It has Taruna College for teacher training, based on Rudolph Steiner principles.
Havelock North Intermediate School is a district leader in Media Studies, with pupils from Hastings visiting it for classes. Havelock North Primary School turned 150 years in 2013.
Other schools also include Te Mata Primary, Havelock North Primary, Lucknow Primary and Havelock North High School as well as the highly regarded private schools Hereworth, Woodford House and Iona College.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Havelock North.|
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