Havlíčkův Brod

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Coordinates: 49°36′21″N 15°34′43″E / 49.60583°N 15.57861°E / 49.60583; 15.57861
Havlíčkův Brod
city
HavlickuvBrod Hauptplatz.JPG
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Vysočina
District Havlíčkův Brod
Commune Havlíčkův Brod
Elevation 422 m (1,385 ft)
Coordinates 49°36′21″N 15°34′43″E / 49.60583°N 15.57861°E / 49.60583; 15.57861
Area 64.95 km2 (25.08 sq mi)
Population 23,345 (2014-01-01)
Density 359 / km2 (930 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1234
Mayor Jan Tecl
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 580 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Havlíčkův Brod
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.muhb.cz

Havlíčkův Brod (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦavliːtʃkuːf ˈbrot]), Německý Brod until 1945 (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɲɛmɛtskiː ˈbrot]; German: Deutschbrod) is a town in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. It is also the capital of the Havlíčkův Brod district. It is located on the Sázava River in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands and has a population of 24,321 as of 2003. It belongs to the historical land of Bohemia.

History[edit]

Settlement in Brod has been documented as far back as the 12th century. After silver was discovered in the area, the Bohemian nobleman Smil of Lichtenburk (Lichtenburg) invited German miners to settle the area; Brod received its city rights in 1257. Although the townspeople were German-speakers in a predominantly Czech-speaking land, the people of Brod became loyal subjects of the Bohemian crown. In the 13th and 14th centuries it was a center for silver mining, although its importance gradually declined in the latter century. Because the German townspeople supported King Sigismund during the Hussite Wars, Brod was sacked on 22 January 1422 by Jan Žižka. The town was resettled in 1429 and experienced a cultural flowering during the 16th and 17th centuries. Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the DEUTSCHBROD - NEMECKY BROD district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[1]

Brod was industrialized during the 19th century with an emphasis on textiles, and became an important railway junction.

Austrian 30 heller bilingual cancelled in 1918

After the World War II, the town received the name Havlíčkův Brod. In the late 1980s Brod's center was declared a national treasure.

Havlíčkův Brod today[edit]

  • From the city's main plaza a skeleton is readily visible at the top of the town hall's tower.
  • The city contains both a medical hospital and a mental hospital.
  • The city lies near D1 motorway, the main road between the largest Czech cities, Prague and Brno.

Names[edit]

The Czech word Brod means "ford" in English. Because the town was originally founded by Smil of Lichtenburk, Brod's original name was Smilův Brod (Ford of Smil or Smilford). Because of its predominantly German population, the town was renamed in 1310 to Německý Brod in Czech and Deutschbrod in German (both meaning German Ford). After the expulsion of the Germans in 1945, the town was officially renamed Havlíčkův Brod (Ford of Havlíček) in honor of the 19th century writer Karel Havlíček Borovský.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Brod is twinned with:

People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967