Havoc Pennington graduated from the University of Chicago in 1998. After graduation, he worked at Red Hat as a Desktop manager/engineer for 9 years, ending in 2008. He was also one of the main developers of the Debian GNU/Linux distribution, and also founded the project freedesktop.org in 2000.  He promoted the idea of the Gnome Online Desktop in 2007. For a time,[when?] he led the development of the 2006-2009 Mugshot project. From 2008 until June 2011, he worked on a consumer product for the startup company Litl (hardware, and proprietary software and services). Since then, he has worked for Typesafe.