The ICA is composed of six judges, who sit in randomly selected panels of three. Each judge is appointed to an initial ten-year term by the Governor. Judges are nominated by the Governor from a list of between four and six names submitted by the Judicial Selection Commission. A judge's nomination is subject to confirmation by the Hawaii Senate, but reappointments require only approval of the Judicial Selection Commission. Under Article VI §§3–4 of the Hawaii Constitution, all judges of the Court of Appeals, like the judges of the state Supreme Court, have a mandatory retirement age of 70.