Hawaii Shingon Mission
Shingon Shu Hawaii
|Nearest city||Honolulu, Hawaii|
|Area||less than one acre|
|NRHP Reference #||02000386|
|Added to NRHP||April 26, 2002|
Hawaii Shingon Mission or Shingon Shu Hawaii (formerly the Shingon Sect Mission of Hawaii) located at 915 Sheridan Street in Honolulu, Hawaii, is one of the most elaborate displays of Japanese Buddhist temple architecture in Hawaiʻi. It was first built in 1915-1918 by Nakagawa Katsutaro, a master builder of Japanese-style temples, then renovated in 1929 by Hego Fuchino, a self-taught man who was the first person of Japanese ancestry to become a licensed architect in the Islands. The building underwent further changes in 1978, and was considerably augmented in 1992. However, its most distinctive features remain: the steep, hipped-gable roof (irimoya) with rounded-gable projection, both with elaborate carvings on the ends, and the glittering altar and interior furnishings from Japan that signify its ties to esoteric Shingon Buddhism.
The round tomoe at the top of the entrance roof represents the cycle of life. It is also the traditional symbol of the Koyasan Shingon sect, though the temple has been independent of sectarian affiliations since 2004. The carved phoenix represents death and rebirth, and the carved dragons represent both power and good fortune. The obelisk at the front edge of the property commemorates the first Shingon pilgrimage to Japan by immigrants in Hawaii in 1929. The more recently added statue in front depicts Kōbō Daishi (Kūkai, 774-835 CE), the founder of Shingon. An oil painting of the Daishi by a member, Mrs. Helen Nakagawa Abe, of the local congregation also graces the altar inside the temple. The temple is congregational, and reflects the diversity of Hawaii in its membership.
In 2009, the temple added a worship service in English, and planned on a slow transition to primarily English services.
The Shingon Shu Hawaii temple commissioned the creation of a ceiling panel (tenjo-e) that depicts the Taizokai mandala which measures 600 square feet (56 m2). Done in original pigments mixed by Japanese artisans and suspended in animal fat, the pigments were applied to individually lacquered (urushi) panels, then placed by hand into a grid suspended from the ceiling. In 2007 the arrival of Fujin (Wind God) and Raijin (Thunder God) statues, completed the second phase of the temple's artistic additions. The statues which can be seen at the immediate entrance of the main hall were chosen to depict the Hawaiian prevailing trade winds with Fujin, and an appreciation for the power and force of nature in Raijin. Each stand over ten feet in height, and weigh over 2800 pounds a piece. Constructed of Japanese Cypress, they are the largest depictions of the Wind and Thunder Gods outside of Japan.
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- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month: Hawaii Shingon Mission". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. May 2003. Retrieved 2009-05-11.
- Mary Adamski (10 August 2002). "Shingon Buddhists celebrate their 100th anniversary with an exhibit of sacred art treasures". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Pat Gee (10 January 2009). "Reaching out: A Hawaii Buddhist minister makes the religion more friendly to the local culture and to younger people". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- "Shingon Shu Hawaii". official web site. Retrieved 2010-04-20.