Supreme Court of Hawaii
|Hawaii Supreme Court|
Seal of the Hawaii Supreme Court
|Composition method||Governor nomination with Senate confirmation|
|Authorized by||Haw. Const. art. VI, § 2.|
|Decisions are appealed to||Supreme Court of the United States|
|Judge term length||10 years|
|Number of positions||5|
|Website||Hawaii Supreme Court|
|Currently||Mark E. Recktenwald|
|Since||September 14, 2010|
|Lead position ends||September 13, 2020|
|Hawai'i State Judiciary|
The Supreme Court of Hawaii is the highest court of the State of Hawaii in the United States. Its decisions are binding on all other courts of the Hawaii State Judiciary. The principal purpose of the Supreme Court is to review the decisions of the trial courts in which appeals have been granted. Appeals are decided by the members of the Supreme Court based on written records and in some cases may grant oral arguments in the main Supreme Court chamber. Like its mainland United States counterparts, the Supreme Court does not take evidence and uses only evidence provided in previous trials.
The Hawaii State Supreme Court has original jurisdiction to answer questions of law that have been passed to it from trial courts or the federal court, hear civil cases submitted to the Supreme Court on agreed statements of facts, and decide questions coming from proceedings of writs of mandamus, prohibition and habeas corpus.
- William Little Lee Chief Justice 1848–1857
- John Papa ʻĪʻī original associate justice
- Lorrin Andrews original associate justice
- Elisha Hunt Allen chief 1857–1877
- Albert Francis Judd chief 1881–1900
- Sanford B. Dole associate 1887–1893
- Walter F. Frear 1900–1907
The Supreme Court consists of five justices who are initially appointed to ten-year terms by the Governor of Hawaii, who makes his or her nomination from a list of four to six candidates from the Hawaii Judicial Selection Commission. The Governor's nominee is subject to confirmation by the Hawaii State Senate. Candidates must be U.S. citizens, Hawaii residents, and have been licensed to practice law for at least 10 years prior to nomination. The Judicial Selection Commission can opt to retain incumbent justices for additional ten-year terms. All justices must retire at 70 years of age.
As of December 18, 2014, the five Justices are:
|Title||Name||Served on court since||Current term|
|Chief Justice||Recktenwald, Mark E.Mark E. Recktenwald||May 11, 2009||September 14, 2010 - September 13, 2020|
|Justice||Nakayama, Paula A.Paula A. Nakayama||April 22, 1993||April 22, 2013 - April 21, 2023|
|Justice||McKenna, SabrinaSabrina McKenna||March 3, 2011||March 3, 2011 - March 2, 2021|
|Justice||Pollack, Richard W.Richard W. Pollack||August 6, 2012||August 6, 2012 - August 5, 2022|
|Justice||Wilson, Michael D.Michael D. Wilson||April 17, 2014||April 17, 2014 - April 16, 2024|
- Haw. Rev. Stat. § 602-5. Retrieved 2014 December 18.
- Walter F. Frear (1894). "Evolution of the Hawaiian judiciary". Papers of the Hawaiian Historical Society. hdl:10524/966.
- "Lee, William L. office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-03-11.
- "Supreme Court, Chief Justices of office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-03-11.
- "Dole, Sanford Ballard office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- Haw. Const. art. VI, § 2. Retrieved 2014 December 18.
- Haw. Rev. Stat. § 602-1. Retrieved 2014 December 18.
- Haw. Const. art. VI, § 3. Retrieved 2014 December 18.
- Hawaii Supreme Court Justices, Hawaii State Judiciary. Retrieved 2014 December 18.