Hawera (New Zealand electorate)
Hawera was a parliamentary electorate in the South Taranaki District of New Zealand from 1896 to 1908. It was represented by two Members of Parliament over the four parliamentary terms of its existence.
In the 1896 electoral redistribution, rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Four electorates that previously existed were re-established, and three electorates were established for the first time, including Hawera. The New Plymouth electorate was abolished, the Egmont electorate shifted north, and the Patea electorate shifted east. This made room for the Taranaki and Hawera electorates. Settlements in the original Hawera electorate were the towns of Hawera, Manaia, and Eltham.
In the 1902 electoral redistribution, Eltham was lost to the Patea electorate, but Opunake was gained from the Taranaki electorate. In the 1907 electoral redistribution, the Hawera electorate was abolished, and its area was distributed to the Patea and Egmont electorates.
Felix McGuire was the electorate's first representative. As an independent conservative, he had previously represented the Egmont electorate since a 1891 by-election after the resignation of Harry Atkinson. In the 1902 election, McGuire was defeated by Charles E. Major of the Liberal Party. McGuire and Major once again contested the Hawera electorate in 1905, and Major remained successful.
Members of Parliament
The Hawera electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament:
|1896 election||Felix McGuire|
|1902 election||Charles Major|
|(Electorate abolished 1908; see Patea and Egmont)|
|General election, 1905: Hawera|
|Liberal||Charles E. Major||2,206||42.55|
|Opposition||Benjamin Robbins[nb 1]||1,222||23.57|
- Most sources list Robbins simply as 'Opposition', but some make reference to 'Independent Labour'
|General election, 1899: Hawera|
|Liberal||Charles E. Major||1,685||41.47||+10.29|
|Independent Liberal||David Lyon Astbury||638||15.70|
|General election, 1896: Hawera|
|Liberal||Charles E. Major||1,055||31.19|
- McRobie 1989, p. 63.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 58, 62.
- McRobie 1989, p. 62.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 66f.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 66–71.
- Wilson 1985, p. 215.
- Wilson 1985, p. 218.
- "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. p. 2. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- Wilson 1985, p. 264.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 218, 226.
- The General Election, 1905. National Library. 1906. p. 2. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "Electoral District of Hawera". Hawera & Normanby Star. XXXVII (5061). 12 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- "Electoral District of Hawera". Hawera & Normanby Star. XXXIII (3418). 9 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.