Hawke's Bay Region

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"Hawke's Bay" redirects here. For other uses, see Hawke's Bay (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 39°25′S 176°49′E / 39.417°S 176.817°E / -39.417; 176.817

Hawke's Bay
Country: New Zealand
Position of Hawkes Bay.png
Regional council
Name: Hawke's Bay Regional Council
Seat: Napier
Largest city: Hastings
Population: 155,000 June 2013 estimate [1]
Land area: 14,111 km²
Chair: Fenton Wilson
Deputy chair: Ewan William McGregor
Website: http://www.hbrc.govt.nz/
Cities and towns
Cities: HastingsNapier
Towns and other settlements: Bridge PaCliveFrasertownHaumoanaMahia BeachMaraekakahoNuhakaOcean BeachOngaongaOtaneTakapauTe AwangaTikokinoTuaiTutiraWaimaramaWaipawaWaipukurauWairoa
Territorial authorities
Names: Central Hawke's Bay
Hastings District
Napier City
Wairoa District
Geographic Stats
Land Area: 14,111km²
Coastline: 360km
Highest Point: Mount Mangaweka 1,733m
Longest River: Mohaka River 174km
Largest Lake: Lake Waikaremoana 54km²

Hawke's Bay (Māori: Heretaunga) is a region of New Zealand, located on the east coast of the country's North Island. Hawke's Bay is recognised on the world stage for its award-winning wines. The regional council sits in both the cities of Napier and Hastings. It derives from Hawke Bay which was named by Captain James Cook in honour of Admiral Edward Hawke who decisively defeated the French at the Battle of Quiberon Bay.

Geography[edit]

View over Hawke's Bay region

The region is situated on the east coast of the North Island. The region bears the former name of what is now Hawke Bay, a large semi-circular bay which extends for 100 kilometres from northeast to southwest from Mahia Peninsula to Cape Kidnappers.

The Hawke's Bay region includes the hilly coastal land around the northern and central bay, the floodplains of the Wairoa River in the north, the wide fertile Heretaunga Plains around Hastings in the south, and a hilly interior stretching up into the Kaweka and Ruahine Ranges.

The region's boundaries vary somewhat from the former provincial boundaries of Hawke's Bay, and some towns in the Manawatu-Wanganui Region to the southwest, such as Dannevirke and Woodville have a historical association with Hawke's Bay.[citation needed]

The region consists of Wairoa District, Hastings District, Napier City, and Central Hawke's Bay District, as well as the town of Taharua in Taupo District and the town of Ngamatea in Rangitikei District.

The region has a hill with the longest place name in New Zealand, and the longest in the world according to the 2009 Guinness Book of Records. Taumata­whakatangihanga­koauau­o­tamatea­turi­pukakapiki­maunga­horo­nuku­pokai­whenua­kitanatahu is an otherwise unremarkable hill in southern Hawke's Bay, not far from Waipukurau.

Five major rivers flow down into the coast of Hawke's Bay. From north to south, they are the Wairoa River, Mohaka River, Tutaekuri River, Ngaruroro River and Tukituki River respectively. Lake Waikaremoana is situated in northern Hawke's Bay roughly 35km from the coast. It is the largest lake in Hawke's Bay, 4th largest in the North Island and 16th largest in New Zealand.

Below is a list of areas within Hawke's Bay that contain more than 1,000 population, according to results from the 2013 census.

# Towns with more than 1,000 people 2013 2013 (%)
1 Hastings 66,800 44.1%
2 Napier 57,240 37.8%
3 Wairoa 4,050 2.6%
4 Waipukurau 3,741 2.4%
5 Waipawa 1,968 1.3%
6 Clive 1,764 1.1%
Other 15,616 10.1%
Hawke's Bay 151,179 100%

Economy[edit]

The sub-national GDP of the Hawke's Bay region was estimated at US$4.3 billion in 2003, 3% of New Zealand's national GDP.[2]

History[edit]

Hawke's Bay Province was founded in 1858 as a province of New Zealand, after being separated from the Wellington Province following a meeting in Napier in February 1858. The Province was abolished in 1876 along with all other provinces in New Zealand. It was replaced with a Provincial District.

On February 3, 1931, Napier and Hastings were devastated following New Zealand's worst natural disaster. An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter Scale killed 256 people. Napier began re-building and now the city is world famous for its Art Deco buildings and celebrates its heritage each February with the Art Deco Weekend. An exhibition on the earthquake, its causes and impact, at the Hawke's Bay Museum and Art Gallery is a popular destination for visitors from around the world.

Population[edit]

A map showing population density in the Hawke's Bay region at the 2006 census.

The region's population is 155,000 from the June 2013 estimate.[1] Of these, 57,800 lived in Napier district and 74,300 lived in the Hastings district. The main urban areas are Napier and Hastings. Smaller communities include Wairoa, Taradale, Havelock North, Tikokino, Waipawa, Waipukurau, and Takapau. The region has a significant Māori population (24% of the total population at the 2006 census). A major local Māori tribe is Ngāti Kahungunu.

Climate and agriculture[edit]

A Hawke's Bay vineyard in autumn.
Maraetotara Falls, Hawkes Bay region.

Hawke's Bay's long, hot summers and cool winters offer the best weather for growing grapes. The climate is dry and temperate. Hawke's Bay is renowned for its horticulture with large orchards and vineyards on the plains. In the hilly parts of the region sheep and cattle farming predominates, with forestry blocks in the roughest areas.

Culture[edit]

The region is served by a variety of radio stations including Classic Hits 89.5, More FM, access station Radio Kidnappers and local station Bay FM. As well, most of the national commercial and non-commercial operators have transmitters covering the region. Hawke's Bay also has its own TV station, TVHB, which provides a mix of news and information programmes hosted by local personalities.

Hawke's Bay produces some of New Zealand's finest wines and once a year Harvest Hawke's Bay celebrates the fact by offering a three day wine and food festival. This event attracts many thousands.[citation needed]

Napier is home to the annual Mission Concert held early each year. The event held at the Mission Estate Winery in Taradale has attracted big names over the year's including Kenny Rogers, Shirley Bassey, Rod Stewart, The B-52's, Belinda Carlisle, Ray Charles, and Eric Clapton. Each concert is attended by around 25,000 people. The 2009 concert attraction was to be Lionel Richie, but the concert was cancelled because of rain.

Sport[edit]

As throughout New Zealand, Rugby union is the most popular sport. The Hawke's Bay Magpies play in New Zealand's annual professional domestic rugby union competition, the ITM Cup. The team represents the Hawke's Bay region in provincial representative rugby, and draws its players from the constituent clubs who are affiliated to the provincial union. The team play their home matches in McLean Park in Napier. Players representing Hawke's Bay are also eligible to play for the Hurricanes franchise in the annual transnational Super Rugby competition. Hawke's Bay has produced a number of notable All Blacks, including Cyril Brownlie, Maurice Brownlie, Mark Donaldson, and more recently, Bryn Evans, Greg Somerville, and current All Blacks Israel Dagg and Zac Guildford. The Hawke's Bay Hawks compete in the New Zealand National Basketball League.

Wine[edit]

Inside a Hawke's Bay winery

Missionaries in the mid 19th century planted the first vines in Hawke's Bay and it is now becoming an important place for full bodied red wines.[3] As of January 2010, there are an estimated 75 wineries located across Hawke's Bay.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2013 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.  Also "Infoshare; Group: Population Estimates - DPE; Table: Estimated Resident Population for Urban Areas, at 30 June (1996+) (Annual-Jun)". Statistics New Zealand. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand. 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
  3. ^ The-Wine-Library Short Description of wine in Hawkes Bay
  4. ^ [1] List of Wineries in Hawke's Bay, New Zealand

External links[edit]