Hawking (2004 film)
Official DVD Cover
|Directed by||Philip Martin|
|Produced by||Jessica Pope|
|Written by||Peter Moffat|
|Music by||Murray Gold|
|Original channel||BBC Two|
|Release date||13 April 2004|
|Running time||90 minutes|
Hawking is a BBC television film of Stephen Hawking's early years as a PhD student at Cambridge University, following his search for the "beginning of time" and his courageous struggle against motor neuron disease. It stars Benedict Cumberbatch as Hawking and was released in the UK in April 2004.
At Stephen's 21st birthday party he meets a new friend, Jane Wilde. There is a strong attraction between the two and Jane is intrigued by Stephen's talk of stars and the universe, but realises that there is something very wrong with Stephen when he suddenly finds that he is unable to stand up. A stay in hospital results in a horrifying diagnosis. Stephen is suffering from motor neurone disease and doctors don't expect him to survive for more than two years. Stephen returns to Cambridge where the new term has started without him. But he cannot hide from the reality of his condition through work, because he can't find a subject for his PhD. While his colleagues throw themselves into academic and college life, Stephen's life seems to have been put on hold. He rejects the help of his supervisor Denis Sciama and sinks into a depression. It is only Stephen's occasional meetings with Jane and her faith in him that seem to keep him afloat. The prevailing theory in cosmology at the time is Steady State, which argues that the universe had no beginning – it has always existed, and always will – and Steady State is dominated by Professor Fred Hoyle, a plain-speaking Yorkshireman, and one of the first science TV pundits. Stephen gets an early glimpse of a paper by Hoyle that is to be presented at a Royal Society lecture.
He works through the calculations, identifies a mistake, and publicly confronts Hoyle after the great man has finished speaking. The row causes a stir in the department but, more importantly, it seems to give Stephen the confidence to get started on his own work. At almost the same time Stephen is introduced to a new way of thinking about his subject by another physicist, Roger Penrose. Topology is an approach that uses concepts of shape rather than equations to think about the nature of the universe, and this proves to be the perfect tool for Stephen, who is starting to find it very difficult to write. Penrose's great passion is the fate of dying stars. When a star comes to the end of its life, it begins to collapse in on itself. His calculations suggest something extraordinary. The collapse of the dying star appears to continue indefinitely, until the star is infinitely dense, forming a black hole in space. And at the heart of this black hole, Penrose shows, is something scientists call a singularity. It is this which leads Stephen to his PhD subject. He has always had a niggling scepticism about Steady State Theory, and now he can begin to see a way of explaining the revolutionary and highly controversial idea that the universe might have had a beginning. Sciama is sceptical but supportive – glad to see his student fired up and ready to work. Meanwhile Stephen's condition continues to decline, he writes and walks with difficulty and his speech is starting to slur. But he now has a focus for his energies and, with the support of Jane, enters a new phase. He also commits to his relationship with her, asking her to marry him and in doing so exhibiting a defiant determination to survive.
With his mind fired up, Stephen begins to work away at the implications of Penrose's discovery and starts to hone in on the idea of a singularity. With remarkable insight – a real Eureka moment – he asks himself: what would happen if you ran Penrose's maths backwards? Instead of something collapsing into nothingness, what if nothingness exploded into something? And what if you applied this not to a star but to the whole universe? Answer: the universe really could have originated in a big bang. At last, Stephen enters a period of feverish academic work. He applies Penrose's theorems for collapsing stars to the universe itself. Justifying Sciama's faith in him, he produces a PhD of real brilliance and profound implications. In theory, at least, the big bang could have happened. Two years after his initial diagnosis, Stephen is not only still very much alive, but has played a part in a great scientific breakthrough which revolutionises the way we think about the universe. Today, the scientific consensus is that the universe started with a big bang: billions of years ago, a cosmic explosion brought space and time into existence.
A secondary, interwoven storyline follows a different but connected scientific quest. Unknown to Hawking, just as he was being diagnosed in 1963, two American scientists were embarking on their own scientific mission. Their research was to produce hard evidence to support Hawking's theoretical work. We encounter Arno Allan Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson in a hotel room in Stockholm in 1978. They are being interviewed about their discovery on the eve of receiving the Nobel Prize for Physics. They describe how, in the hills above New Jersey, they scanned the skies with a radio-telescope, and began to pick up a strange radio signal from space. In time, the two scientists came to realise that they had detected the left-over heat of the first, ancient explosion that had created the universe. They had found the physical proof of the big bang.
The programme was nominated for Best Single Drama in the BAFTA TV Award in 2005.
- Benedict Cumberbatch as Stephen Hawking
- Michael Brandon as Arno Allan Penzias
- Tom Hodgkins as Robert Woodrow Wilson
- Lisa Dillon as Jane Wilde
- Phoebe Nicholls as Isobel Hawking
- Adam Godley as Frank Hawking
- Peter Firth as Sir Fred Hoyle
- Tom Ward as Roger Penrose
- John Sessions as Dennis Sciama
- Matthew Marsh as Dr. John Holloway
- Alice Eve as Martha Guthrie