Hawkshead

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Hawkshead
Ann Tyson's Cottage - geograph.org.uk - 510301.jpg
Ann Tyson's Cottage
Hawkshead is located in Cumbria
Hawkshead
Hawkshead
 Hawkshead shown within Cumbria
Population 589 (2001)
OS grid reference SD3598
Civil parish Hawkshead
District South Lakeland
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town AMBLESIDE
Postcode district LA22
Dialling code 015394
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Westmorland and Lonsdale
Website http://www.hawkshead-village.co.uk
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°22′30″N 2°59′56″W / 54.375°N 2.999°W / 54.375; -2.999

Hawkshead (Hawk-shead) is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, England. It is one of the main tourist honeypots in the South Lakeland area, and is dependent on the local tourist trade. The parish includes the hamlets of Hawkshead Hill, 1.2 miles (1.9 km) to the north west, and Outgate, a similar distance north.

Geography[edit]

Hawkshead is situated just north of Esthwaite Water, in a valley to the west of Windermere and east of Coniston Water. It is part of Furness, making it a part of the ancient county of Lancashire.

It is one of the prettiest villages in the Lake District,[citation needed] with many buildings dating from the 17th century. It has a lively community and a high pub to population ratio.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The township of Hawkshead was originally owned by the monks of Furness Abbey; nearby Colthouse derives its name from the stables owned by the Abbey. Hawkshead grew to be an important wool market in medieval times and later as a market town after the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1532. It was granted its first market charter by King James I in 1608. In 1585 Hawkshead Grammar School was established by Archbishop Edwin Sandys of York after he successfully petitioned Queen Elizabeth I for a charter to establish a governing body.

Hawkshead Parish Church, built in 1300 and rebuilt in the 16th Century
St Michael and All Angels was founded in the 12th century, it is a fine example of an English rural parish church.

During the 18th and 19th centuries Hawkshead became a village (or town at the time) of important local stature. Poet William Wordsworth was educated in its grammar school, whilst Beatrix Potter lived nearby, marrying William Heelis, a local solicitor in the early 20th century.

Upon the formation of the Lake District National Park in 1951 tourism grew in importance, though traditional farming still goes on around the village. Hawkshead has a timeless atmosphere and consists of a characterful warren of alleys, overhanging gables and a series of medieval squares. It is eloquently described in William Wordsworth's poem, 'The Prelude'.

Much of the land in and around the village is now owned by the National Trust. The National Trust property is called Hawkshead and Claife.

References[edit]

External links[edit]