Avromani dialect

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Avromani, also known as Hewramî, Hawramî, Ōrāmāni, Horami, Awromani, Owrami, is one of the main dialects of the Gorani language, a sub-group of Northwestern Iranian dialects. Like all other Gorani dialects, it has some phonological features which distinguish it from Kurdish dialects, though it is surrounded by Kurdish dialects and has been affected by them.[1]

It is regarded as the most archaic of the Gorani group.[2] It is mostly spoken in Horaman (also Horaman or Horaman) in western Iran (Iranian Kurdistan) and northeastern Iraq (Iraqi Kurdistan). The key cities of this region are Pawe in Iran and Halabja in Iraq. Horami is sometimes called Auramani or Horami by people foreign to the region. As an Indo-Iranian language Horami is related to Avestan, the language of the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism. Prayers are still recited by Horami by using a style called Siya Çeman in Horami, where the one reciting the prayer uses high notes to sing holy verses of Zoroastrian faith. The same style is used for Islamic Sufi hymns in Horaman where Sufism is also a prevalent religious practice.[3] Today, some Horami speakers use the Siya Çeman style of singing to perform traditional songs and even modern songs in Horami.

According to a survey carried out by the Summer Institute of Linguistics in 1996 there were 40,000 speakers of Horami in the world.[4]

Several Zazaish scholars regard Horami as one of the oldest dialects of the GoranZaza languages. Some scholars claim that the name Horami has close links to the "Zoroastrian faith" and assert that the name actually originated from Ahuraman, (see Horaman). These people are called under the various names, such as Ali-Ilahis and Ahl-e Haqq. Groups with similar beliefs also exist in Iranian Kurdistan. Both the Dersim (Zazaki / Zaza) people and the Gorani, who are both considered to belong to the Hawramani branch of the North West Iranian languages, adhere to a form of "Kurdish Alawi faith" which resembles the religions of the Druze or Yazidi.

Generally, the majority of Horami speakers can also speak Sorani Kurdish, and Arabic or Persian, in order to communicate with other people in neighboring cities.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ D. N. Mackenzie Avromani, Encyclopedia Iranica
  2. ^ D. N. Mackenzie Avromani, Encyclopedia Iranica
  3. ^ Weisman, Itzchak. The Naqshbandiyya: Orthodoxy and Activism in a Worldwide Sufi Tradition.
  4. ^ "THE KURDISH PEOPLES". Retrieved 2 July 2013.