Hawthorne, California

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Hawthorne, California
City
City of Hawthorne
Official seal of Hawthorne, California
Seal
Official logo of Hawthorne, California
Logo
Motto: "City of Good Neighbors"
Location of Hawthorne in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Hawthorne in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°55′2″N 118°20′55″W / 33.91722°N 118.34861°W / 33.91722; -118.34861
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) July 12, 1922[1]
Government
 • Mayor Chris Brown[2]
 • City Council
Mayor Pro Tem: Olivia Valentine
Alex Vargas
Nilo Michelin
Angie English
 • City Manager Michael Goodson
 • City Attorney Russell Miyahira
 • City Clerk Norb Huber
Area[3]
 • Total 6.092 sq mi (15.779 km2)
 • Land 6.081 sq mi (15.750 km2)
 • Water 0.011 sq mi (0.029 km2)  0.18%
Elevation 72 ft (22 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 84,293
 • Density 14,000/sq mi (5,300/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 90250 and 90251[4]
Area code(s) 310/424[5]/323
FIPS code 06-32548
GNIS feature ID 1652717
Website www.cityofhawthorne.com

Hawthorne is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California. The city at the 2010 census had a population of 84,293, up from 84,112 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2), over 99% of it land.

To the north of Hawthorne is the unincorporated community of Lennox and the city of Inglewood. To the east is the unincorporated community of Athens and the city of Gardena. To the south is the unincorporated community of El Camino Village, and the cities of Lawndale and Redondo Beach. Manhattan Beach is at the southwest corner of Hawthorne, and the city of El Segundo is to the west of Hawthorne. The unincorporated community of Del Aire is surrounded on three sides by the city of Hawthorne along western edge of Hawthorne.

The Century Freeway (Glenn Anderson Freeway, I-105) runs along the northern boundary of Hawthorne, with the LACMTA Green Line light rail line running down the center of the Century Freeway. The San Diego Freeway (I-405) runs along the western boundary of Hawthorne. Major east-west streets in Hawthorne include Rosecrans Ave., El Segundo Ave., and Imperial Highway. Major north-south street include Aviation Blvd., Inglewood Ave., Hawthorne Blvd., Prairie Ave., Crenshaw Blvd., and Van Ness Ave.

Hawthorne is five miles (8 km) from the Los Angeles International Airport.[6]

Hawthorne comprises ZIP codes 90250 and 90251. It is in 310 area code, except for a small portion of northeastern Hawthorne, which is located in 323 area code.

Climate[edit]

Hawthorne, California
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3
 
68
46
 
 
3
 
68
48
 
 
2.4
 
69
50
 
 
0.6
 
73
53
 
 
0.2
 
74
58
 
 
0.1
 
78
61
 
 
0
 
83
65
 
 
0.1
 
85
66
 
 
0.2
 
83
64
 
 
0.4
 
79
58
 
 
1.1
 
73
50
 
 
1.8
 
69
45
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com / NWS

Hawthorne, like the rest of the Los Angeles basin, is well known for its year-round pleasant Mediterranean climate:

  • On average, the warmest month is August.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 111 °F (44 °C) in 1961.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was 15 °F (−9 °C) in 1963.
  • The maximum average precipitation occurs in February.

Hawthorne has a Mediterranean climate or Dry-Summer Subtropical (Köppen climate classification Csb on the coast, Csa inland), enjoying plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 263 sunshine days and only 35 days with measurable precipitation annually.[7]

The period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 71–79 °F (22–26 °C) and lows of 50–62 °F (10–17 °C). Due to the moderating effect of the ocean, temperatures are cooler than more inland areas of Los Angeles, where temperatures frequently exceed 90 °F (32 °C) and occasionally reach 100 °F (38 °C).

The period of November through March is somewhat rainy, as shown in the table to left.[8]

The Los Angeles area is also subject to the phenomena typical of a microclimate. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18 °F (10 °C) between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over one degree per mile (1.6 km) from the coast inland. California has also a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom or May Grey", which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning at the coast, but usually gives way to sunny skies by noon, during late spring and early summer.

The Los Angeles region averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation annually, which mainly occurs during the winter and spring (November through April) with generally light rain showers, but sometimes as heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. On November 6, 1966 the first ever documented tornado touched down within the city's limits. It caused significant damage, it ran for about a half of a mile, from 132nd St. and Ramona Ave. to 140th St. and Ramona Ave. Snowfall is extremely rare but not impossible in the city basin.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 6,596
1940 8,263 25.3%
1950 16,316 97.5%
1960 33,035 102.5%
1970 53,304 61.4%
1980 56,437 5.9%
1990 71,349 26.4%
2000 84,112 17.9%
2010 84,293 0.2%
source:[9]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[10] reported that Hawthorne had a population of 84,293. The population density was 13,835.7 people per square mile (5,342.0/km²). The racial makeup of Hawthorne was 27,678 (32.8%) White (10.3% Non-Hispanic White),[11] 23,385 (27.7%) African American, 565 (0.7%) Native American, 5,642 (6.7%) Asian, 974 (1.2%) Pacific Islander, 22,127 (26.3%) from other races, and 3,922 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44,572 persons (52.9%).

The Census reported that 83,754 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 208 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 331 (0.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 28,486 households, out of which 12,330 (43.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,833 (38.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,369 (22.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,357 (8.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,309 (8.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 191 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Of the households, 7,125 (25.0%) were made up of individuals and 1,430 (5.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94. There were 19,559 families (68.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.54.

The population was spread out with 23,157 people (27.5%) under the age of 18, 9,487 people (11.3%) aged 18 to 24, 27,035 people (32.1%) aged 25 to 44, 18,395 people (21.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,219 people (7.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

There were 29,869 housing units at an average density of 4,902.7 per square mile (1,892.9/km²), of which 7,623 (26.8%) were owner-occupied, and 20,863 (73.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 25,869 people (30.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 57,885 people (68.7%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Hawthorne had a median household income of $44,906, with 18.9% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[11]

2000[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 84,112 people, 28,536 households, and 19,775 families residing in the city. The population density was 13,879.4 inhabitants per square mile (5,359.0/km²). There were 29,629 housing units at an average density of 4,889.1 per square mile (1,887.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 29.27% White, 39.02% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 7.73% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 24.16% from other races, and 5.22% from two or more races. 44.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 28,536 households, out of which 43.7% included children under the age of 18, 38.6% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. Of all households 24.5% were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.50.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.7% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,887, and the median income for a family was $35,149. Males had a median income of $29,481 versus $27,427 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,022. About 18.4% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

According to the city’s most recent "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report," its various funds had $126.1 million in revenues, $113.2 million in expenditures, $220.2 million in total assets, $152.7 million in total liabilities, and $29.6 million in cash and investments.[13] The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[14]

City Department Director
City Manager Michael Goodson
Airport Director Arnie Shadbehr
Chief of Police Robert Fager
Building & Safety Director Ray Shun
Business License Director VACANT
Engineering/Public Works Director Arnie Shadbehr
Housing Director Hamid Pournamdari
Planning & Economic Development Director Gregg McClain
Recreation & Community Services Assistant Director Mark Hardison

County, state, and federal representation[edit]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Curtis Tucker Health Center in Inglewood, serving Hawthorne.[15]

In the state legislature Hawthorne is located in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democratic Sen. Roderick Wright. It is in the 51st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Assembly Member Steven Bradford. Federally, Hawthorne is located in California's 35th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +33[16] and is represented by Democrat Maxine Waters.

The United States Postal Service Hawthorne Post Office is located at 12700 Inglewood Avenue.[17]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Centinela Valley Union High School District
Hawthorne School District
Wiseburn School District
  • Juan Cabrillo Elementary School (Kindergarten-2nd grade)
  • Peter Burnett Elementary School (3rd-5th grade)
  • Richard Henry Dana Middle School (6th-8th grade)
Lawndale Elementary School District
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt-Kit Carson Elementary School (Hawthorne)
  • Will Rogers Middle School (Lawndale)
Lennox School District
Los Angeles Unified School District

In addition Los Angeles County Office of Education operates Southwest Day (5th-12th grade).

Hawthorne Math and Science Academy is a charter high school in Hawthorne associated with the Hawthorne School District.[18]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Los Angeles Community College District

Newspaper[edit]

The Hawthorne Press Tribune is the community newspaper for the City of Hawthorne.[19]

Economy[edit]

P-61s being built by Northrop Corp. in World War II in Hawthorne[20]

The following businesses are located in Hawthorne:

Northrop Corporation, founded in 1939 and headquartered in Hawthorne, became a major manufacturer of aircraft during World War II, as well as a major subcontractor to other aircraft companies. Jack Northrop developed his famous flying wings, which ultimately led to the B-2 stealth bomber. Northrop also produced the P-61 Black Widow fighter in its Hawthorne plant, which was on the south side of Northrop Field (present-day Hawthorne Airport). The facility is still in use as an aircraft plant, producing fuselage sections for Boeing 747s and 787s.[21]

Notable people[edit]

Hawthorne is known to rock and roll fans as the home of Brian, Carl, and Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys. The Wilson brothers' boyhood home was demolished in the late 1980s during the construction of the Century Freeway, although it was honored by the dedication of the Beach Boys Historic Landmark (California Landmark 1041) in May 2005.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  2. ^ "City of Hawthorne, CA – Mayor". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Census". Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  4. ^ "USPS – ZIP Code Lookup – Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System – NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ "Google Maps". Maps.google.com. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Los Angeles, California, United States of America". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  8. ^ http://www.weather.com
  9. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Hawthorne city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0632548.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ City of Hawthorne CAFR. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
  14. ^ City of Hawthorne City Directory. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
  15. ^ "Curtis Tucker Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  16. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  17. ^ "Post Office Location – HAWTHORNE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  18. ^ [1][dead link]
  19. ^ Hawthorne Press Tribune. Herald Publications. Retrieved on 2013-08-18.
  20. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, p. 94, Cypress, CA 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
  21. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 93-106, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
  22. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, p. 93, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
  23. ^ "Tour Location: 459 E Rhode Island Street, Hawthorne, California". The Movieland Directory. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  24. ^ "Marilyn Monroe: Encyclopedia II – Marilyn Monroe – Early life". Experiencefestival.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  25. ^ "City of Hawthorne, CA – Thorpe". Cityofhawthorne.com. 2000-12-29. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  26. ^ "City of Hawthorne, CA – Jim Thorpe". Cityofhawthorne.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  27. ^ "City of Hawthorne, CA – Beach Boys". Cityofhawthorne.com. 2000-12-29. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  28. ^ a b "The History of Hawthorne". Broowaha. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  29. ^ "REDD KROSS op MySpace Music – Gratis gestreamde MP3’s, foto’s en Videoclips". Myspace.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  30. ^ "Redd Kross (Red Cross)". TrouserPress.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  31. ^ "Welcome to the Official Chris Montez website". Chrismontez.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  32. ^ Statistics. "Curtis Conway – No. 81 – WR – Southern California – Profile". Newyorkjets.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. [dead link]
  33. ^ “”. "YouTube – Hawthorne vs. Leuzinger (11/4/1988)". Ca.youtube.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  34. ^ Jason Simmons News, Stats, Photos | Houston Texans. Sbnation.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-18.
  35. ^ Fred Dryer - IMDb
  36. ^ "Olivia Harrison". Oocities.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  37. ^ "HHS Class of 1975". Dondt.20megsfree.com. 2005-03-06. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  38. ^ "Video". CNN. 1987-01-12. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  39. ^ Fox Sports - Temporarily Unavailable. Msn.foxsports.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-18.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°55′02″N 118°20′55″W / 33.917214°N 118.348607°W / 33.917214; -118.348607