Hayabusa 2

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This article is about planned 2014 mission. For cancelled mission, see Hayabusa Mk2.

Hayabusa 2 is the follow-on mission to the Hayabusa mission as proposed by the Japanese space agency, JAXA. The goal for Hayabusa 2 is to build upon the legacy of the original mission, by strengthening the shown weak points.[1]

The target is asteroid (162173) 1999 JU3 with a proposed launch in November–December 2014.[2][3][4] Hayabusa 2 would then be expected to arrive to the target in July 2018, survey the asteroid for a year and a half, depart in December 2019, and return to Earth in December 2020.[4]

The next mission will feature more durable ion engines, upgraded guidance and navigation technology, and new antennas and attitude control systems.[5] Operations at the asteroid will be similar[clarification needed] to those of the previous Hayabusa, but with an explosive device to dig the asteroid surface for fresh sample material.[4]

Funding problems and international cooperation[edit]

Hayabusa 2 was agreed by the Space Activities Commission, a board governing funding for the Japanese space program, during 2006 and was announced in a new year interview with JAXA president Keji Tachikawa.[6]

In July 2009, at the 27th ISTS (International Symposium on Space Technology and Science) conference in Japan, presentations were given that elaborated upon the most recent Hayabusa 2 mission concept. Makoto Yoshikawa of JAXA presented a paper entitled "Hayabusa Follow-on Asteroid Sample Return Missions." Dr. Yoshikawa stated that JAXA has a new proposal for Hayabusa 2, namely that the mission have two spacecraft with one specifically being an impactor.[citation needed]

In August 2010, JAXA got the go-ahead from the Japanese government to begin development of Hayabusa 2. The estimated cost of the project is 16.4 billion yen.[7][8]

NEC Corp. of Tokyo announced in January 2012 that it was beginning system design of the 1,300-pound spacecraft, its Ka-band communications system and an intermediate infrared camera. NEC was the builder of the Hayabusa probe.[9]

Instruments[edit]

The German Aerospace Center will build a small lander called MASCOT (Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout) for the mission in a cooperation with the French space agency CNES.[10]

Small Carry-on Impactor (SCI) is a small drop-off Explosively formed penetrator. It will be dropped off Hayabusa 2; the low gravity leaves the space craft enough time to maneuver on to the opposite side of the asteroid. A second instrument will then be deployed, the deployable camera (DCAM3). This camera will observe the explosion of the Small Carry-on Impactor instrument. The explosion will form a copper penetrator hitting the asteroid with a velocity of 2 km/s. The crater created by the impact will be target for further observations by the onboard instruments.[11] The shape charge will consist of 4.5 kg of plasticized HMX and a 2.5 kg copper liner.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wendy Zukerman (18 August 2010). "Hayabusa 2 will seek the origins of life in space". New Scientist. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  2. ^ JAXA Report on Hayabusa-2, May 21st, 2014
  3. ^ Vilas, Faith (25 February 2008). "SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HAYABUSA 2 NEAR-EARTH ASTEROID TARGETS 162173 1999 JU3 AND 2001 QC34". The Astronomical Journal 135 (4): 1101. Bibcode:2008AJ....135.1101V. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/135/4/1101. "target for the planned Japanese mission Hayabusa 2" 
  4. ^ a b c Makoto Yoshikawa (6 January 2011). "小惑星探査ミッション「はやぶさ2」" [Asteroid Exploration Mission "Hayabusa 2"]. 11th Symposium on Space Science (in Japanese). Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  5. ^ Japan's next asteroid probe approved for development
  6. ^ http://www.jaxa.jp/article/interview/vol27/p3_e.html
  7. ^ Zukerman, Wendy (18 August 2010). "Hayabusa 2 will seek the origins of life in space". New Scientist. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "Asteroid probe, rocket get nod from Japanese panel". Spaceflight Now. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "Japan's next asteroid probe approved for development". Spaceflight Now. 29 January 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  10. ^ DLR Asteroid Lander MASCOT
  11. ^ Small Carry-on Impactor (SCI): Its scientific purpose, operation, and observation plan in Hayabysa-2 mission
  12. ^ Saiki, Takanao; Sawada, Hirotaka; Okamoto, Chisato; Yano, Hajime; Takagi, Yasuhiko; Akahoshi, Yasuhiro; Yoshikawa, Makoto (2013). "Small carry-on impactor of Hayabusa2 mission". Acta Astronautica 84: 227. Bibcode:2013AcAau..84..227S. doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2012.11.010. 

External links[edit]