Hayden Bridge

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Hayden Bridge
Hayden Bridge Alsea.jpg
Hayden Bridge
Location Alsea River at Hayden Road
Nearest city Alsea, Oregon
Coordinates 44°22′59.3″N 123°37′50.4″W / 44.383139°N 123.630667°W / 44.383139; -123.630667Coordinates: 44°22′59.3″N 123°37′50.4″W / 44.383139°N 123.630667°W / 44.383139; -123.630667[2]
Built 1918[3]
Architectural style Howe truss
Governing body Benton County
NRHP Reference # 79002034[1]
Added to NRHP November 29, 1979[3]

Hayden Bridge, a Howe truss structure, spans the Alsea River about 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Alsea, Oregon, United States.[2] Constructed in 1918, the 91-foot (28 m) span is one of only seven remaining covered bridges in Oregon that were built before 1920.[4] Similar spans such as the Mill Creek Bridge crossed the Alsea or one of its tributaries in the same vicinity, but only the Hayden Bridge has survived.[2] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[3]

Located along Hayden Road just south of Oregon Route 34, the bridge was either partly or completely rebuilt in 1945.[2] Changes included larger and less rounded bridge portals that could accommodate larger vehicles. Narrow openings under the side-wall eaves on both sides of the span illuminated the interior.[2] The bridge, repaired again in 2003, required further work in 2006 after a logging truck crashed into it.[5]

Of the more than 600 covered bridges once found in Oregon, only 50 remain. After 1915, although some were of queen-post or king-post design, most of the new covered bridges were of Howe-truss design. In that year, the Oregon legislature passed a law giving the Oregon State Highway Department oversight powers for bridges worth more than $500. The department developed plans for Howe-truss bridges, partly because they were relatively easy to assemble, and distributed them to the state's counties. Many of these bridges, often built with Douglas-fir timber available locally, were replaced in the 1940s and 1950s by bridges more suited to logging trucks and other big vehicles. Although most of the original bridges no longer exist, the remaining bridges have gained value as tourist attractions.[6]

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The view is lengthwise along the interior of a covered bridge. Its dark wooden supporting beams, wooden sides and deck, and wooden roof are exposed. Light shines through narrow rectangular openings near its roof. White metal guard rails run the length of the bridge on both sides. A wooded hill lies can be seen beyond the far end of the bridge.
Hayden Bridge interior
  1. ^ "Oregon National Register List" (PDF). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. Retrieved September 17, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Alsea River (Hayden) Covered Bridge". Oregon Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 16, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c "Oregon Historic Sites Database". State of Oregon. Retrieved September 16, 2009. 
  4. ^ Smith, Dwight A.; Norman, James B.; Dykman, Pieter T. (1989). Historic Highway Bridges of Oregon (2nd ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 168. ISBN 0-87595-205-4. 
  5. ^ "Alsea’s Hayden Covered Bridge shut after wreck". Gazette-Times (Corvallis, Oregon). May 19, 2006. Retrieved September 16, 2009. 
  6. ^ Cockrell, Bill (2008). Oregon's Covered Bridges. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7385-5818-9. 

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