Hayes Plantation

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Hayes Plantation
Hayes Manor 01.jpg
Hayes Plantation
Hayes Plantation is located in North Carolina
Hayes Plantation
Nearest city Edenton, North Carolina
Coordinates 36°2′59.97″N 76°36′8.02″W / 36.0499917°N 76.6022278°W / 36.0499917; -76.6022278Coordinates: 36°2′59.97″N 76°36′8.02″W / 36.0499917°N 76.6022278°W / 36.0499917; -76.6022278
Built 1814-1817
Architect William Nichols, Sr.
Architectural style Greek Revival, Federal
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 74001341
Significant dates
Added to NRHP February 26, 1974[1]
Designated NHL November 7, 1973[2]

Hayes Plantation, also known as Hayes Farm, is a historic plantation near Edenton, North Carolina that belonged to Samuel Johnston (1733–1816), who served as Governor of North Carolina from 1787 to 1789. Johnston became one of the state's first two United States Senators, serving from 1789 until 1793, and served later as a judge until retiring in 1803. Samuel Johnston died in 1816 at "the Hermitage," his home near Williamston in Martin County, N.C. The residence known as Hayes was completed by his son, James C. Johnston, a year after Samuel's death. There are numerous other structures on the property, some predating the Hayes house itself, including the Hayes Gatehouse, which James Johnston lived in prior to the construction of the Hayes house. James C. Johnston died a bachelor and left Hayes to his "friend and advisor" Edward Wood of Greenfield Plantation. Mr. Wood and his family moved to Hayes and members of the Wood family live there today. It is a working farm with numerous crops, including cotton, tobacco, peanuts and various grains. The modern day Wood family has hosted many functions and gatherings at the home including the North Carolina Supreme Court, the North Carolina House of Representatives, Governor's Terry Sanford, James B. Hunt Jr., Pat McCrory and numerous other dignitaries.

The main house, considered by architectural scholars to be "one of the South's most accomplished examples of a five-part palladian villa," was designed by English-born architect, William Nichols, Sr., famous for his early Neoclassical-style buildings in the American South and for designing statehouses for three Southern states. Construction of the house began in 1814, but was not completed until 1817. The central block of the house is connected to its dependencies by curved hyphens. A broad belvedere crowns the roof of the central block. The plantation house is privately owned, but was designated a National Historic Landmark on November 7, 1973 and added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 26, 1974.[2][3]

Hayes is located east of Edenton, overlooking Edenton Bay to the south and Queen Annes Creek to the north.

Just outside the home is a small graveyard called Johnston's cemetery. Many notable figures are buried here such as Penelope Barker, leader of the Edenton Tea Party, James Iredell, an associate justice to the U.S. Supreme Court, Samuel Johnston, Governor of NC, James Iredell Jr., Governor of NC and James Wilson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Wilson's remains were moved in 1906 to Christ Church Philadelphia by the state of Pennsylvania.

In 2007, John G. Zehmer published a book on the plantation called, "Hayes: The Plantation, Its People, and Their Papers". The book consists of many historic documents, photos, and memories from various members of the Wood family and those who know it best.[3]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Hayes Plantation". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  3. ^ a b Charles W. Snell (January 12, 1973). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Samuel Johnston House, Hayes / Hayes PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying two photos, exterior, from 1956 PDF (32 KB)

The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789-1800 ...

External links[edit]

Media related to Hayes Manor (North Carolina) at Wikimedia Commons