Haymarket Martyrs' Monument

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Haymarket Martyrs' Monument
Haymarket Martyr's Memorial.jpg
Haymarket Martyrs' Monument is located in Chicago
Haymarket Martyrs' Monument
Location The Forest Home Cemetery, Forest Park, Illinois.
Coordinates 41°52′11″N 87°49′11″W / 41.86972°N 87.81972°W / 41.86972; -87.81972Coordinates: 41°52′11″N 87°49′11″W / 41.86972°N 87.81972°W / 41.86972; -87.81972
Area less than one acre
Built dedicated June 25, 1893
Sculptor Albert Weinert[2]
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 97000343[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 26, 2002[1]
Designated NHL February 18, 1997

The Haymarket Martyrs' Monument is a funeral monument located at Forest Home Cemetery in Forest Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. Dedicated in 1893, it commemorates the defendants involved in the labor unrest and bombing related to the Haymarket Affair (1886). On February 18, 1997 it was designated a National Historic Landmark, and on April 26, 2002 listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior.

History[edit]

Following the Haymarket affair, and trial and executions, August Spies, Samuel Fielden, Adolph Fischer, George Engel, Louis Lingg, and Albert Parsons were buried at the German Waldheim Cemetery (later merged with Forest Home Cemetery).

The Pioneer Aid and Support Association organized a subscription for a funeral monument. In 1893, the Haymarket Martyrs' Monument by sculptor Albert Weinert was raised at Waldheim. It consists of a 16-foot-high granite shaft capped by a carved triangular stone. There is a two step base, which also supports a monumental figure of a woman standing over the body of a fallen worker, both in bronze. It was dedicated on June 25, 1893, after a march from Chicago. The inscription on the steps read, "1887," the year of the executions. Also, there is a quote attributed to Spies, recorded just before his execution by hanging: "The day will come when our silence will be more powerful than the voice you are throttling today." On the back of the monument are listed the names of the men. On the top of the monument, a bronze plaque contains text of the pardon later issued by Illinois governor John Peter Altgeld[1]

The dedication ceremony was attended by 8000, with union flags and the American flag draped on the monument. European unions and American organizations sent flowers to be placed.[1] Many activists and labor leaders were subsequently buried nearby. Michael Schwab and Oscar Neebe were also buried at Waldheim when they died, reuniting the "Martyrs." For years, annual commemorations were held.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d National Historic Landmark Nomination form, 1997 [1], Robin Bachin, Newberry Library.
  2. ^ "Haymarket Martyrs' Monument, (sculpture)." SIRIS

External links[edit]