Haywood County, North Carolina

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Haywood County, North Carolina
Haywood County, NC, Courthouse IMG 5163.JPG
The Haywood County Courthouse in Waynesville
Seal of Haywood County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Haywood County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1808
Named for John Haywood
Seat Waynesville
Largest town Waynesville
Area
 • Total 555 sq mi (1,437 km2)
 • Land 554 sq mi (1,435 km2)
 • Water 1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.17%
Population
 • (2010) 59,036
 • Density 98/sq mi (37.68/km²)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.haywoodnc.net

Haywood County is a county in the western portion of the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 59,036.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Waynesville.[2]

Haywood County is part of the Asheville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was formed in 1808 from the western part of Buncombe County. It was named for John Haywood, the North Carolina State Treasurer from 1787 to 1827.

In 1828 the western part of Haywood County became Macon County. In 1851 parts of Haywood County and Macon County were combined to form Jackson County.

The last shot of the Civil War east of the Mississippi was fired in Waynesville on May 9, 1865 when elements of the Thomas Legion(Confederate) skirmished with the 2nd NC Mounted (Union). A monument in situated on Sulpher Springs Road in Waynesville.

Popular culture[edit]

Cold Mountain, in southeast Haywood County within the Pisgah National Forest, was made famous by the novel Cold Mountain by Charles Frazier. A major motion picture based on the novel was distributed by Miramax Films in 2003.

Law and government[edit]

Haywood County Courthouse, Waynesville, North Carolina

Haywood County is a member of the regional Southwestern Commission council of governments.

Haywood County contains a portion of the Qualla Boundary which is a tribal reservation for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Lands and people living within this reservation are subject mostly to tribal/federal laws rather than county or state laws.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 555 square miles (1,437.4 km2), of which 554 square miles (1,434.9 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.17%) is water.[3]

The Pigeon River originates in Haywood County. It is the only county in North Carolina that all water flows out while none flows in.[citation needed]

Haywood County is situated amidst the Blue Ridge Mountains and contains parts of several major subranges of the Blue Ridge, namely the Great Smoky Mountains in the west and the Plott Balsams and Great Balsam Mountains in the south. Notable peaks in the county include Cold Mountain, at 6,030 feet (1,840 m), Mount Sterling, at 5,835 feet (1,779 m), and Richland Balsam, at 6,410 feet (1,950 m) in elevation. Mt. Guyot, the county's highest point at 6,621 feet (2,018 m), is the 4th highest mountain east of the Mississippi River. Black Balsam Knob, in the Great Balsam Mountains in the southeastern section of the county, is the highest grassy bald in the entire Appalachian range. Haywood County is believed to be the highest county (by mean elevation) east of the Mississippi River, with a mean elevation of 3600 feet (1095m).[4]

A portion of Great Smoky Mountains National Park is in the northwestern section of the county, north of Maggie Valley. Along with several mountains rising to over 6,000 feet (1,800 m) in elevation, the Haywood area of the Smokies includes Cataloochee, which is home to a large campground and several historical structures dating to the 19th and early 20th centuries. Other protected areas include substantial sections of the Pisgah National Forest in the far northeastern and southern parts of the county.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways and roads[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Norfolk Southern Railway operates a portion the Murphy Branch through Haywood County, providing a rail connection with the rest of the state/country. Norfolk Southern operates a small yard in Canton which directly serves Evergreen Packaging Paper Company and originates several local runs.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,780
1820 4,073 46.5%
1830 4,578 12.4%
1840 4,975 8.7%
1850 7,074 42.2%
1860 5,801 −18.0%
1870 7,921 36.5%
1880 10,271 29.7%
1890 13,346 29.9%
1900 16,222 21.5%
1910 21,020 29.6%
1920 23,496 11.8%
1930 28,273 20.3%
1940 34,804 23.1%
1950 37,631 8.1%
1960 39,711 5.5%
1970 41,710 5.0%
1980 46,495 11.5%
1990 46,942 1.0%
2000 54,033 15.1%
2010 59,036 9.3%
Est. 2012 58,908 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 54,033 people, 23,100 households, and 16,054 families residing in the county. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 28,640 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.85% White, 1.27% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.8% were of American, 12.9% English, 12.0% German, 10.4% Irish and 8.3% Scots-Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.1% spoke English and 1.9% Spanish as their first language.

There were 23,100 households out of which 26.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,922, and the median income for a family was $40,438. Males had a median income of $30,731 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,554. About 8.10% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.40% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Haywood County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into fifteen townships: Beaverdam, Bethel, Cataloochee, Cecil, Clyde, Crabtree, Cruso, East Fork, Fines Creek, Iron Duff, Ivy Hill, Jonathan Creek, Pigeon, Waynesville, and White Oak.

Education[edit]

Haywood County Schools has 16 schools ranging from pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade. Those are separated into four high schools, three middle schools, and nine elementary schools.[7]

Tuscola-Pisgah rivalry[edit]

The two major high schools in the Haywood County Schools System, the Tuscola High School Mountaineers of Waynesville and Pisgah High School Black Bears of Canton participate in one of the fiercest high school rivalries in the Southeast.[citation needed] The two high school football teams battle it out for the Haywood County Championship each fall, drawing up to 15,000 fans. Tuscola leads the series by 23-22-1 and currently winning against the Bears.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Haywood County Schools". North Carolina's School Report Cards. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°33′N 82°59′W / 35.55°N 82.98°W / 35.55; -82.98