|The Right Honourable
|Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government|
27 June 2007 – 5 June 2009
|Prime Minister||Gordon Brown|
|Preceded by||Ruth Kelly|
|Succeeded by||John Denham|
|Minister without Portfolio|
5 May 2006 – 27 June 2007
|Prime Minister||Tony Blair|
|Preceded by||Ian McCartney|
|Succeeded by||Baroness Warsi[a]|
|Labour Party Chair|
5 May 2006 – 24 June 2007
|Preceded by||Ian McCartney|
|Succeeded by||Harriet Harman|
|Member of Parliament
for Salford and Eccles
1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Stanley Orme|
14 May 1956 |
Salford, Lancashire, England, UK
|Alma mater||Nottingham Trent University|
|a. ^ Office vacant from 28 June 2007 – 11 May 2010|
Hazel Anne Blears (born 14 May 1956) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Salford and Eccles since 2010 and was previously the MP for Salford since 1997. She served in the Cabinet as Minister without Portfolio and Labour Chair between 2006 and 2007, and Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government from 2007 to 2009, when she resigned. Commenting on the announcement, Prime Minister Gordon Brown, said that Blears had made an "outstanding contribution" to public life even after refusing to pay back expenses which were claimed in breach of Parliamentary rules.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career outside Parliament
- 3 Parliamentary career
- 4 Ethnic minorities
- 5 Hospital closures
- 6 Expenses scandal
- 7 Kids without Connections
- 8 Personal life
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and education
Hazel Blears was born in Salford, Lancashire on 14 May 1956, the daughter of a maintenance fitter. As a young child, Hazel and her brother Stephen both played street urchins in the film A Taste of Honey which was filmed in Salford in 1961, when Blears was aged five. Blears was educated at Worsley Wardley Grammar School in Wardley, Worsley and then Eccles College on Chatsworth Road in Ellesmere Park, Eccles. She went to Trent Polytechnic in Nottingham (now known as Nottingham Trent University), graduating with a BA (Hons) degree in Law, and later, the Chester College of Law in 1977.
Career outside Parliament
Hazel Blears started her career in Salford as a trainee solicitor with Salford City Council in 1978. After two years, she went into private practice for a year, before joining Rossendale Borough Council as a solicitor in 1981 and in the same year she was elected as a Branch Secretary in NALGO. In 1983 she became a solicitor for Wigan Metropolitan Borough Council and later became Manchester City Council's education solicitor. In the following year, she was elected as a councillor to Salford City Council and she served on the council until 1992. She was Chair of the Salford Community Health Council for several years.
After the election she became the Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to the Minister of State at the Department of Health Alan Milburn until 1998. She spent ten months in 1999 as PPS to then Chief Secretary to the Treasury Andrew Smith.
In the run-up to the 2001 General Election, Blears was a member and later deputy head of the Labour Party campaign team, a group of backbenchers tasked with campaigning around the country. This raised her national profile.
At the 2010 general election, parliamentary constituencies for Salford and Eccles were restructured, with Blears's constituency being abolished. She defeated Ian Stewart in the selection contest to be the Labour Parliamentary Candidate for the new parliamentary constituency of Salford and Eccles, and was elected.
During her parliamentary career, she has acquired the nickname "Chipmunk". Fraser Kemp, writing in The Spectator, has subsequently dubbed her "the Iron Chipmunk", a play on the phrase "Iron Lady", often used to describe Margaret Thatcher.
After the 2001 General Election, Blears entered Tony Blair's government as the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department of Health, responsible for Public Health. In this job she launched the Government's "5-a-day" campaign to get people to eat more fruit and vegetables.
Blears was promoted in 2003 to Minister of State at the Home Office, with responsibilities for policing, crime reduction and counter terrorism. She was elected to the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party in 2003. After the 2005 General Election, on 7 June 2005 she became a Member of the Privy Council. In a cabinet reshuffle following Council Elections on 4 May 2006 Tony Blair appointed her Party Chair replacing Ian McCartney.
Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
On 28 June 2007 the new Prime Minister, Gordon Brown appointed Blears as Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, replacing Ruth Kelly. In April 2008 it was rumoured that Brown was planning a summer reshuffle in which Blears would be demoted. However, when the reshuffle occurred in the autumn, it was confirmed she was to retain her position.
In May 2008 Blears mistakenly commented on BBC's Question Time that there were 3 million people unemployed in the United Kingdom when Labour came to power in 1997 (the official figure was 1,602,500).
Deputy Leadership candidate
On 24 February 2007 she announced her candidacy for the election for Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, making her one of six candidates for the job formerly held by John Prescott. She came last out of six candidates. Harriet Harman won the election on 24 June 2007.
Resignation from the cabinet
On 3 June 2009, the day before the 2009 European and local elections, Blears announced she would resign from the cabinet at the next reshuffle. The media noted how, on the day her resignation was announced, she wore a brooch bearing the message "rocking the boat" On 12 June 2009, she expressed her regret at the manner and timing of her resignation in an interview with the Manchester Evening News. Her resignation was one of several from the Labour cabinet that summer, with the government's difficulties compounded by poor results in the European elections and poor opinion poll results which were largely blamed on the recession and rising unemployment.
In March 2005, while Home Office minister with responsibility for counter-terrorism, Blears implied that section 44 of the terrorism act would disproportionally affect Muslims. In response to this and to her seeming endorsement of it, Ray Powell, President of the National Black Police Association, described the minister's language as "intemperate and inconsiderate". "I think it is wrong of her to say they should accept it is used disproportionately. That comment would not be helpful and does not instill confidence within the Muslim community,".
In August 2005 Blears said the 'rebranding' of ethnic minorities in favour of adopting US-style hyphenated titles such as Asian-British or Indian-British was "among a range of ideas" brought up in meetings with Muslim and other community groups. This proposal was quickly withdrawn by the Home Office, as the government moved to distance itself from the idea.
In 2006 Blears joined in protests against the closure of hospital departments in her constituency, even though these closures were consistent with the policies of the government of which she was a senior member. Health Emergency's head of campaigns Geoff Martin said, "there are 29 hospitals up and down the country facing the immediate threat of cuts and closure to key services in 2007. Will Hazel Blears be joining demonstrators on the streets in each of those areas or is this just a classic case of 'not in my back yard'"?
In May 2009 The Telegraph reported that Blears had claimed the maximum allowable expenses, within one pound, for three properties, as well as for stays in hotels, £4,874 on furniture, £899 on a new bed and £913 on a new TV, the second such TV in under a year, and the maximum £400 a month in groceries. Further, Blears had not paid capital gains tax on profit from the sale of a London flat. The property was registered as her main residence with HM Revenue and Customs, but Blears had been claiming MPs' second home expenses relating to the flat. She had made a £45,000 profit on its sale without paying capital gains tax. On 12 May she volunteered to pay the £13,332 capital gains tax she had avoided on the sale of her 'second home. It was subsequently claimed that Gordon Brown had ordered her to repay the sum. The Daily Mail printed allegations that Blears 'flipped' her homes in London three times in one year. Flipping is the practice of switching which of two or more properties is designated an MP's second home. This allowed her to maximise her taxpayer-funded allowances.
In Salford she was met by a number of angry protesters and stayed in a local hotel rather than at home.
In June 2009 the police at Scotland Yard and the Crown Prosecution Service issued a statement regarding MPs' expenses, which stated that they had not found evidence of criminal activity and that it was 'highly unlikely' that MPs would face charges. The police said that the incidents of flipping second homes to avoid paying capital gains tax was not a matter for police investigation. Following an investigation by Sir Thomas Legg, Blears was told to repay £225 in expenses in relation to a glass shelving unit for her London flat.
Kids without Connections
In 2013 Hazel Blears launched the Kids without Connections work experience programme. The programme aims to encourage local businesses across Salford and Eccles to offer work experience to young people aged between 16–24 years. The placements were not paid but were a way of providing experience to people unemployed or seeking work. As a direct result of the project 16 of the 42 initial young people on the programme found a full-time job or apprenticeship immediately after the scheme had ended.
In 2005 Blears was a member of a parliamentary belly-dancing troupe known as the Division Bellies. Other members included Caroline Flint, Beverley Hughes, Laura Moffatt, Meg Munn, Joan Ryan and Dari Taylor .
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hazel Blears.|
- Pierce, Andrew (June 3, 2009). "Hazel Blears resignation: brutal revenge of 'the chipmunk'". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Brown pressure as Blears quits". London: The BBC. June 3, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "BBC News: Hazel Blears Resigns". London: The BBC. June 3, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Bright, Martin; Kampfner, John (12 March 2007). Interview: Hazel Blears. New Statesman. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- Grice, Andrew (February 23, 2007). "Blears join battle to replace Prescott". London: The Independent. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Webster, Philip (4 May 2009). Hazel Blears beats a retreat after criticism of Gordon Brown. The Times. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- "The Rt Hon Hazel Blears MP". www.communities.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-05-07.[dead link]
- "How they are trying to discredit Blears.". The Spectator. June 3, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Summers, Deborah (June 28, 2007). "Brown appoints first female home secretary". London: The Guardian. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Porter, Andrew (April 23, 2008). "Gordon Brown planning summer reshuffle to halt Labour slump". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Reshuffle changes". London: The BBC. October 6, 2008. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Hazel's claim 'in shreds". Channel 4 News. May 23, 2008. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Wintour, Patrick (February 23, 2007). "Blears to run for Labour deputy and admits party 'disengaged". London: The Guardian. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Harman wins deputy leader contest". London: The BBC. 24 June 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Brown pressure after Blears quits". London: The BBC. June 3, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Webster, Philip (June 4, 2009). "The plot thickens: Hazel Blears resigns, and MPs prepare to ask Brown to go". London: The Times. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Blears to face confidence motion". London: The BBC. June 13, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Landale, James (May 11, 2010). "Gordon Brown's political career". BBC News.
- 'Muslims can expect the police to target them, minister says.' The Times (2 March 2005), p. 2.
- Affairs, Community (August 9, 2005). "The UK's ethnic name game". London: The BBC. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Blears rejects hypocrisy claims over NHS protest". 24 dash.com. December 28, 2006. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Hennessy, Patrick; Kite, Melissa (May 10, 2009). "Hazel Blears, the Communities Secretary, facing fresh questions over flat sale in row over MPs' expenses". London: The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Taylor, Matthew (May 13, 2009). "Hazel Blears attempts to rebuild reputation with £13,332 cheque". London: The Guardian. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Porter, Andrew (May 21, 2009). "Gordon Brown 'pursuing a political vendetta' against Hazel Blears". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Cabinet ministers have made tens of thousands 'flipping' their homes". London: The Daily Mail. 2009-05-08. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Mark Thomas Visits Hazel Blears in Salford". Salford: Salford Star. 2009-06-01. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- Doughty, Steve (June 5, 2009). "MPs to escape prosecution over expenses scandal as police say charges are 'highly unlikely'". London: The Daily Mail. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Exclusive: Dan Thompson (2009-10-14). "Blears told to pay £225 in expenses row | Manchester Evening News". menmedia.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
- Young people find permanent jobs through Hazel Blears’ work experience scheme, Manchester Gazette, 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
- Wyatt, Petronella (June 6, 2007). "She is a candidate for Deputy Leader but is Hazel nuts?". London: The Daily Mail. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- White, Michael (August 5, 2005). "profile: Hazel Blears MP". London: The Gardian. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Blears reveals cameo role in classic movie". London: The Daily Mail. May 26, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Hazel Blears MP official constituency website
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Electoral history and profile at The Guardian
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Profile at BBC News Democracy Live
- Articles authored at Journalisted
- Home Office – Hazel Blears MP Official biography (archived)
- Communities Department profile (archived)
- Audio clips
- WPRadio Online interview on Women's Parliamentary Radio just before taking over role as Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Salford
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Salford and Eccles
|Minister without Portfolio
The Baroness Warsi
|Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
|Party political offices|
|Labour Party Chair