Hazem Al Beblawi

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Hazem Al Beblawi
حازم الببلاوى
Hazem Beblawy.jpg
Prime Minister of Egypt
Acting
In office
16 July 2013 – 1 March 2014
President Adly Mansour (Acting)
Preceded by Hesham Qandil
Succeeded by Ibrahim Mahlab (Acting)
Deputy Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
17 July 2011 – 1 December 2011
Prime Minister Essam Sharaf
Preceded by Samir Radwan
Succeeded by Momtaz El-Saeed
Minister of Finance
In office
17 July 2011 – 1 December 2011
Prime Minister Essam Sharaf
Preceded by Samir Radwan
Succeeded by Momtaz El-Saeed
Personal details
Born Hazem Abdel Aziz Al Beblawi
(1936-10-17) 17 October 1936 (age 77)
Cairo, Egypt
Political party Egyptian Social Democratic Party (Before 2013)
Independent (2013–present)
Alma mater Cairo University
University of Grenoble
Pantheon-Sorbonne University
Religion Islam
Website Official website

Hazem Abdel Aziz Al Beblawi (also spelled el Beblawi; Arabic: حازم عبد العزيز الببلاوى‎  pronounced [ˈħæːzem ʕæbdel.ʕæˈziːz elbebˈlæːwi]; born 17 October 1936) is an Egyptian economist and politician who was interim Prime Minister of Egypt from 2013 until 1 March 2014. Previously he served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance in 2011. After the July 2013 ouster of President Mohammed Morsi and his government, Beblawi was named interim Prime Minister.[1] On 24 February 2014, Beblawi announced his resignation.

Early life and education[edit]

Beblawi was born in Cairo, Egypt on 17 October 1936.[2][3] He studied law at Cairo University and graduated in 1957.[4][5] He obtained a postgraduate degree in economics from the University of Grenoble in 1961.[2] He also holds a PhD in economics, which he received from the University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne in 1964.[4]

Career[edit]

Beblawi began his career as a lecturer at the University of Alexandria in 1965 and taught economy-related courses at several universities, including the University of Southern California, until 1980.[6][7] He became a manager at the Industrial Bank of Kuwait in 1980, serving there until 1983.[2] From 1983 to 1995, he was chairman and chief executive of the Export Development Bank in Egypt.[2] Then he worked at the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) as executive secretary from 1995 to 2000.[2] Next, he served as an advisor to the Arab Monetary Fund in Abu Dhabi from 2001 to 2011.[8][9]

After the January–February 2011 Egyptian revolution, Beblawi became a founding member of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party.[6][10] He was appointed to the government as Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, as well as Minister of Finance, in a cabinet reshuffle on 17 July 2011.[2][11] He succeeded Samir Radwan, who had served as finance minister since January 2011.[12] The cabinet was headed by Prime Minister Essam Sharaf.[13][14][15]

After nearly four months in office, Beblawi resigned from office in October 2011 when Coptic Christians were killed by security forces.[13] However, his resignation was not accepted by the ruling military council.[16][17] Beblawi's tenure lasted until December 2011, when he was replaced by Momtaz Saeed as finance minister; Saeed had served as Beblawi's deputy at the Ministry of Finance.[18]

Beblawi was one of the nominees for prime minister after the 2012 presidential election, together with Mohamed ElBaradei and Farouk El Okdah.[19]

Following the removal of President Mohammad Morsi from office by the Egyptian military on 3 July 2013, Beblawi was appointed as interim Prime Minister on 9 July.[20] He subsequently suspended his membership in the Egyptian Social Democratic Party.[21] His cabinet was sworn in on 16 July 2013.[22]

On 24 February 2014, Prime Minister Beblawi announced the resignation of his cabinet in a press conference.[23]

Activities and views[edit]

Beblawi defended the military's crackdown on Morsi supporters after the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état as necessary and restrained in August 2013.[24] He proposed the legal dissolution of the Muslim Brotherhood on 17 August.[25]

Works[edit]

Beblawi is the author of several books mostly about banking, finance, international trade and development.[26] He also writes articles in a column for Al Ahram.[26] His books include:

  • Beblawi, Hazem (2012). Arba Shohour Fi Qafas Al Hokouma (Four Months in the Government’s Cage'). Cairo: Shrouk Publishing House. [27]
  • Beblawi, Hazem; Giacomo Luciani (1987). The Rentier State. London: Croom Helm. ISBN 978-0709941446. 
  • Beblawi, Hazem. (1984). The Arab Gulf Economy in a Turbulent Age. London: Croom Helm.[9]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt spokesman: Economist Hazem el-Biblawi named prime minister; ElBaradei vice president". Washington Post. Associated Press. 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Egypt's new Finance Minister Hazem el Beblawi". Reuters (Cairo). 17 July 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Dr. Hazem Beblawi". ERF. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Beblawi's CV". Ministry of Finance. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Dabh, Basil (9 July 2013). "Hazem Al Beblawi appointed Prime Minister". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Egypt's finance minister resigns, Beblawi officially appointed". Ahram Online. 17 July 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Bradley, Matt (9 July 2013). "Egypt Premier Known as Free-Market Champion". The Wall Street Journal (Cairo). Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Senior Associate". Economic Research Forum. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Hazem Al Beblawi SIS. 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  10. ^ Issandr El Amrani (17 July 2011). "New Egyptian finance minister appointed". Financial Times (Cairo). Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  11. ^ Li Laifang; Marwa Yehia (18 July 2011). "Egypt's new cabinet unveils". Xinhua (Cairo). Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Egypt's new cabinet to be sworn in". Al Jazeera. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Kirkpatrick, David D. (12 October 2011). "A Top Egyptian Minister Quits in Protest Over Killings". The New York Times. p. 10. 
  14. ^ "A list of Egypt's Cabinet reshuffle". Ahram Online. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  15. ^ Amro Hassan; Jeffrey Fleishman (18 July 2011). "Egyptian prime minister shuffles Cabinet". Los Angeles Times (Cairo). Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Egypt to keep planning minister, appoint Momtaz Said as finance head: reports". Ahram Online. Reuters. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "Egypt’s deputy PM back at work after resignation rejected". Daily News Egypt. 12 October 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  18. ^ Gamal, Wael (26 August 2012). "'No' to borrowing on the terms of the IMF, Ganzouri and their successors". Ahram Online. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  19. ^ Tarek, Sherif (3 July 2012). "Egypt's next government remains anyone's guess". Ahram Online. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  20. ^ Bacon, John (9 July 2013). "Egypt names new prime minister". USA Today. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  21. ^ Joel Gulhane; Charlie Miller (15 July 2013). "El Beblawi continues to meet ministerial candidates". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "Egypt's interim president is swearing in first government". Ahram Online. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  23. ^ Kareem Fahim; Mayy El Sheikh (25 February 2014). "Government and Premier of Egypt Quit in Abrupt Move". The New Tork Times (Cairo). Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  24. ^ "Egyptian PM Hazem Al Beblawi defends action against protesters". IBN Live. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  25. ^ Egyptian premier proposes dissolution of Muslim Brotherhood Reuters, 17 August 2013
  26. ^ a b Marwa Hussein; Salma El Wardani (18 July 2011). "Hazem Beblawi: Hard on Mubarak's regime, soft on businessmen". Ahram Online. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  27. ^ "Hazem El Beblawi puts his finger on the core problems of Egypt's economy". Ahram Online. 4 February 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Samir Radwan
Minister of Finance
2011
Succeeded by
Momtaz El-Saeed
Deputy Prime Minister of Egypt
2011
Preceded by
Hesham Qandil
Prime Minister of Egypt
Acting

2013–2014
Succeeded by
Ibrahim Mahlab
Acting