Hazi Aslanov

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"Hazi" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Azi, Hasi (disambiguation), Hazy, or Hazzi.
"Həzi Aslanov" redirects here. For the village in Azerbaijan, see Həzi Aslanov, Azerbaijan.
Hazi Aslanov
Həzi Aslanov.jpg
Native name Həzi Aslanov, Ази Асла́нов
Born (1910-01-22)January 22, 1910
Lankaran, Baku Governorate, Russian Empire
Died January 24, 1945(1945-01-24) (aged 35)
Liepāja District, Latvian SSR, Soviet Union
Buried at Martyrs' Lane
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Red Army
Years of service 1929 — 1945
Rank Major General
Commands held
  • 10th Motor Transport Bataillon
  • 55th Separate Tank Regiment
  • 35th Guards Tank Brigade
Battles/wars
Awards

Hazi Aslanov (Hazi Ahad oglu Aslanov, Azerbaijani: Həzi Aslanov, Russian: Ази Асланов; commonly described as Azi Aslanov and A. A. Aslanov,;[1] January 22, 1910 — January 24, 1945) was an Azerbaijani Major-General of the Soviet armoured troops during World War II. Aslanov was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title twice.[2]

Early years[edit]

Hazi Aslanov was born on January 22, 1910 in Lankaran in a working-class family. When he lost his father at the age of 13, he left local school number 1 and worked in the Lankaran Brick Plant.[3][4]

In 1929, Aslanov graduated from the Transcaucasian Preparatory Military School in Baku and continued his education at Leningrad Cavalry School, where he passed courses at the Military Academy of Armored Forces.[5]

After graduation, in June 1931 he was appointed commander of a 15th Cavalry Regiment platoon of 3rd Cavalry Division Bessarabia named after Grigory Kotovsky.[6] In June, 1933, he was appointed commander of the separate tank company. In 1937, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.[7] Aslanov also served as deputy commander for the technical part of company, commander of 2nd Rifle Division and 60th Rifle Divisions, followed by motor transport battalion of the Kiev Military District, where he gained captain rank in February 1939.[8]

Battles[edit]

Winter War[edit]

He served during the 1939 Soviet invasion of Poland and fought in the Karelian Isthmus, then took part in the breaking of the Mannerheim Line during the Soviet-Finnish War.[8] He was promoted to the major in November, 1940.

Battle of Moscow[edit]

In August 1941, he replaced the injured commander of a tank battalion, composed of 12-15 machines type T-26, BT-5, BT-7 and T-34.

In the fierce battles near Shostka, Bakhmach and Piryatin, his tank commanders fought to the last tank, while Aslanov personally led his battalion in the attack. In one of these battles, Aslanov received two bullet wounds in his right leg and a severe shrapnel wound to the head, but despite these he remained in the service. When the battalion lost all of its tanks, he was recalled to the reserve in September 1941. He was also appointed 10th Deputy for the technical units, where he fought in Piryatin, Okhtyrka, Bohodukhiv and Kharkiv.[8] The next year, he was appointed to the command of the 55th Tank Regiment.

Battle of Stalingrad[edit]

Later in 1942, he led the 35th Guards Tank Brigade from Stalingrad through Borisovo, Vileyka, and Minsk to Vilnius and Riga, and participated in the battles of Rostov and Taganrog. His brigade liberated the town of Pleshinitsy. Aslanov was famous for his "thrust from flank" technique, which involved launching an attack by heading straight toward the enemy, while other Soviet troops were sent to attack from the sides.[9]

Death[edit]

The funeral of Hazi Aslanov in Baku

On January 24, 1945 near Priekule in the Liepāja District in Latvia during a reconnaissance, Aslanov was seriously wounded and died five and a half hours later on the battlefield. He was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 1st degree, for his leadership of the Tank Brigade.[10]

Awards and honors[edit]

Aslanov received his first star in 1943 for his performance at Stalingrad. The second was supposed to be given for the cross of Berezina river, under the recommendation of General of the Army Ivan Chernyakhovsky, but because of discriminatory treatment, he received it posthumously, 46 years later, in 1991, after a special appeal by Azerbaijani intelligentsia to Mikhail Gorbachev.[9][11]

A subway station, school, oil tanker and a streets in Baku, Imishli and Volgograd, monument in Vialejka were named after him.[12][13] The village in Agstafa region carries his name and his house museum functions in Lankaran.[14][15] A special granite memorial plate was constructed in memory of him on Mamayev Kurgan.[16]

The bust of Hazi Aslanov was unveiled in the settlement of Baku named after Hazi Aslanov.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Герои Советского Союза: Краткий биографический словарь. Т.1. М., Воениз, 1987.
  • Золотые Звезды Азербайджана. Баку, 1975.