|City Of Hazleton|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): The Mountain City, The Power City|
|Incorporated (borough)||January 5, 1857|
|Incorporated (city)||December 4, 1891|
|• Mayor||Joseph Yannuzzi (R)|
|Elevation||1,689 ft (515 m)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||570 Exchanges: 450, 453, 454, 455, 459|
Greater Hazleton 
The City of Hazleton and its surrounding communities are collectively known as Greater Hazleton. Greater Hazleton encompasses an area located within three counties: southern Luzerne County, northern Schuylkill County, and northern Carbon County. The population of Greater Hazleton was 80,351 at the 2000 census. Greater Hazleton includes the City of Hazleton; the boroughs of Beaver Meadows, Conyngham, Freeland, Jeddo, McAdoo, Tamaqua, Weatherly, West Hazleton, White Haven; the townships of Black Creek, Butler, East Union, Foster, Hazle, Rush Sugarloaf; and the towns, villages, or CDPs of Audenried, Coxes Villages, Drifton, Drums, Ebervale, Eckley, Fern Glen, Haddock, Harleigh, Harwood Mines, Hazle Brook, Highland, Hollywood, Hometown, Hudsondale, Humboldt Village, Humboldt Industrial Park, Japan, Jeansville, Junedale, Kelayres, Kis-Lyn, Lattimer, Milnesville, Nuremberg, Oneida, Pardeesville, Quakake, St. Johns, Sandy Run, Stockton, Sybertsville, Ringtown, Sheppton, Tomhicken, Tresckow, Upper Lehigh, Weston, and Zion Grove.
Sugarloaf Massacre 
During the height of the American Revolution in the summer of 1780, British sympathizers, known as Tories, concentrated from New York's Mohawk Valley, began attacking patriot outposts located along the Susquehanna River Valley in Northeast Pennsylvania. Because of the reports of Tory activity in the region, Captain Daniel Klader and a platoon of 40 to 50 men from Northampton County were sent to investigate. They traveled north from the Lehigh Valley along a path known as "Warrior's Trail," which is present-day State Route 93, since this route connects the Lehigh River in Jim Thorpe (formerly known as Mauch Chunk) to the Susquehanna River in Berwick.
Heading north, Captain Klader's men made it as far north as present-day Conyngham when they were ambushed by members of the Seneca tribe and Tory militiamen. In all, 18 men were killed on September 11, 1780 in what was to become the Sugarloaf Massacre.
The Moravians, a Christian denomination, had been using "Warrior's Trail" since the early 18th century after the Moravian missionary Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf first used it to reach the Wyoming Valley. This particular stretch of "Warrior's Trail" had an abundance of hazel trees. Though the Moravians called the region "St. Anthony's Wilderness", it eventually became known as "Hazel Swamp," a name which had been used previously by the Indians.
The Moravian missionaries were sent from their settlements near Bethlehem to the site of the Sugarloaf Massacre to bury the dead soldiers. Because of the aesthetic natural beauty of the Conyngham Valley, some Moravians decided to stay and in 1782, built a settlement, St. Johns, along the Nescopeck Creek, which is near the present-day intersection of Interstates 80 and 81.
Jacob Drumheller's Stage Stand 
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the "Warrior Trail" was widened and became the Berwick Turnpike. Later, a road was built to connect Wilkes-Barre to McKeansburg. This road intersected with the Berwick Turnpike at what is present-day Broad and Vine Streets, in downtown Hazleton. An entrepreneur named Jacob Drumheller decided that this intersection was the perfect location for a rest-stop, so in 1809, he built the first building in what would be later known as Hazleton. Though a few buildings and houses began to be built nearby, the area remained a dense wilderness for about 20 more years. Aside from small-scale logging, the area offered little else.
Discovery of coal 
Railroad developers from Philadelphia became interested in the Hazleton area once previous rumors were validated that in 1818 anthracite coal deposits had been discovered in near-by Beaver Meadows by prospectors Nathaniel Beach and Tench Coxe.
A young engineer from New York named Ariovistus "Ario" Pardee was hired to survey the topography of Beaver Meadows and report the practicality of extending a railroad from the Lehigh River Canal in Jim Thorpe to Beaver Meadows. Pardee, knowing that the area of Beaver Meadows was already controlled by Coxe and Beach, bought many acres of the land in present-day Hazleton. The investment proved to be extraordinarily lucrative. The land contained part of a massive anthracite coal field. Pardee will be forever known as the founding father of Hazleton.
The Hazleton Coal Company built the first school on Church Street, where Hazleton City Hall is now located. Pardee also built the first church in Hazleton located at Church and Broad Streets. The Pardee mansion was built on the northern block of Broad Street, between present-day Church and Laurel Streets.
The coal industry attracted many immigrants for labour, mostly German and Irish in the 1840s and 1850s, and mostly Italian, Polish, Russian, Lithuanian, and Slovak in the 1860s to 1920s.
"Patch Towns" 
Many small company towns, often referred to by locals as "patch towns," surrounded Hazleton and were built by coal companies to provide housing for the miners and their families. The patch towns included:
- Beaver Meadows, coal was discovered here
- Stockton, founded by John Stockton
- Jeansville, founded by James Milens
- Milnesville, founded by James Milens
- Tresckow, formerly known as Dutchtown
- Junedale, formerly known as Colraine
- Freeland, originally called Freehold (South of South Herberton; founded by Joseph Birkbeck in 1846)
- McAdoo, originally called Pleasant Hill, then Saylors Hill
- West Hazleton, founded by Conrad Horn
- Eckley, founded by Eckley B. Coxe
- Jeddo, named after a Japanese port in which coal was exported to by the Hazleton Coal Company
- Hollywood, area now part of Hazleton, named before Hollywood, California.
- Weatherly, small borough outside of Hazleton
Sudden prosperity and growth 
Hazleton was incorporated as a borough on January 5, 1857. Its intended name was supposed to be spelled "Hazelton" but a clerk misspelled the name during incorporation, and the name "Hazleton" has been used ever since. The borough's first fire company, the Pioneer Fire Company, was organized in 1867 by soldiers returning from the American Civil War. Hazleton was incorporated as a city on December 4, 1891. The population then was estimated to be around 14,000 people.
In 1891, Hazleton became the third city in the United States to establish a city-wide electric grid.
On September 10, 1897, the Lattimer Massacre occurred near Hazleton.
Post WWII Hazleton 
After World War II, the demand for coal began to decline as cleaner, more efficient fuels were being used. Readily available, cheap energy helped open the door for manufacturing. The Duplan Silk Corporation opened and became the world's largest silk mill. The garment industry thrived and was invested in by New York mobster Albert Anastasia..
In 1947, Autolite Corporation was looking to expand operations in the East, and had been looking into Hazleton. Officials from Autolite came to the area to survey it and in their report, they noted Hazleton is a "mountain wilderness" with no major water route, rail route, trucking route, or airport. In response, several area leaders gathered to address these problems.
CAN-DO (Community Area New Development Organization) was formally organized in 1956 by founder Dr. Edgar L. Dessen. Their main goal was to raise money, through their "Dime A Week" campaign, in which area residents were encouraged to put a dime on their sidewalk each week to be collected by CANDO. The company raised over $250,000 and was able to purchase over 500 acres (2.0 km2) of land, which was converted into an industrial park. Because of CANDO's efforts, Hazleton was given the All-America City Award in 1964. Hazleton's economy is now based largely on manufacturing and shipping, facilitated by the relative closeness to Interstates 80 and 81.
An article published in December 2002 by U.S. News & World Report was entitled "Letter from Pennsylvania: A town in need of a tomorrow" which reported Hazleton's shortcomings to the world. It was criticized by local politicians and business leaders alike, and again prompted local leaders to address the problems facing the community.
Coming to grips with changing demographics and a new wave of immigrants 
In 2006, Hazleton gained national attention as Republican mayor Lou Barletta and council members passed the Illegal Immigration Relief Act. This ordinance was instituted to discourage hiring or renting to illegal immigrants. Initially, an administrative fine on landlords for $1,000 per illegal immigrant rented to and a loss of permits for non-compliance has been passed. Leaders from other communities across the United States have requested information on this proposal for use in their own municipalities. Another act passed concurrently made English the official language of Hazleton.
The ordinance has been criticized as illegal and unconstitutional. A number of Hispanic residents (both legal and illegal) filed suit to strike down the law, claiming it violates the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution as well as the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. A copy of the court complaint is available from the Pennsylvania ACLU. In an agreement, announced on September 1, with the ACLU, the Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund and the Community Justice Project, Hazleton will not enforce the ordinance for now[update]. In response to the lawsuits the city of Hazleton has retained the counsel of the former head of immigration in the Department of Justice.
Mayor Lou Barletta of Hazleton estimated that as "many as half" of the estimated 10,000 Hispanics who were living in Hazleton left Hazleton when the ordinance was passed. The issue was covered by the television program 60 Minutes in 2006 and the Fox News show The O'Reilly Factor in March 2007.
On July 26, 2007 a federal judge, James Munley, struck down Hazleton's Illegal Immigration Relief Act as an unconstitutional ordinance pre-empted by federal law. The injunction stirred up a national controversy. Mayor Barletta expressed his confidence that the injunction will be overturned by the appellate court. However, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit upheld most aspects of Munley's injunction in a 144-page opinion handed down on September 9, 2010.
The lower court decisions enjoining enforcement of the Hazleton immigration ordinances were vacated by the U.S. Supreme Court on June 6, 2011, and the case was remanded to the Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit for re-consideration in light of the Supreme Court's decision in Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting where the Supreme Court upheld the Arizona employer sanctions statute which made e-verify mandatory for Arizona employers. http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/060611.ZOR.html
In 2010, in response to ethnic and cultural tensions, Hazleton native and major league baseball manager Joe Maddon set out to bring Hispanic and non-Hispanic communities together to dialog and find common ground. His efforts to be a part of the Hazleton Integration Project have been documented in the ESPN sports talk show Outside The Lines.
Hazleton is located at (40.958834, −75.974546).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.0 square miles (16 km2), all of it land.
Hazleton is located 12 miles (19 km) north of Tamaqua and 25 miles (40 km) south of Wilkes-Barre. Located in Pennsylvania's ridge and valley section on a plateau named Spring Mountain, Hazleton's highest elevation is 1886 feet above sea level, one of the highest incorporated cities east of the Mississippi River and the highest incorporated city in Pennsylvania. It straddles the divide between the Delaware and Susquehanna River watersheds.
As of the 2010 census, the city was 69.4% White, 4.0% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, and 3.4% were two or more races. 37.3% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry, which is up from just 4.9% in 2000 .
As of the census of 2000, there were 23,329 people, 10,281 households, and 6,004 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,904.6 people per square mile (1,508.8/km²). There were 11,556 housing units at an average density of 1,934.1 per square mile (747.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.70% White, 0.82% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.76% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.85% of the population ).
According to the 2000 census, the top ten ancestries in the city are: Italian (32.1%), Polish (14.1%), German (13.9%), Irish (13.2%), Slovak (11.4%), Dutch (5.5%), English (3.4%), American (2.8%), Greek (2.2%), and Ukrainian (1.5%).
There were 10,281 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,082, and the median income for a family was $37,093. Males had a median income of $31,144 versus $20,926 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,270. About 10.4% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
All of Hazleton's major mining and garment industries have disappeared over the past 50 years. Through the efforts of CANDO and a practical highway infrastructure, Hazle Township's Humboldt Industrial Park has become home to Coca-Cola, Hersey, Office Max, Simmons Bedding Company, Michaels, Network Solutions, AutoZone, General Mills, WEIR Minerals, EB Brands and Amazon.com  are just some of the large companies with distribution, manufacturing, or logistic operations in Hazleton.
16.7% of Residents had an income below the poverty level as compared to a statewide average of 12.5% in 2009 Hazleton, Pennsylvania (PA) Poverty Rate Data
Notable people 
- Hubie Brown, former basketball coach and a current television basketball analyst
- Carl Duser, baseball player
- Sarah Knauss, lived to age 119
- Norm Larker (Beaver Meadows), National League All Star player for the LA Dodgers
- Sherrie Levine, an American photographer and appropriation artist
- Joe Maddon, manager of Major League Baseball's Tampa Bay Rays
- Tom Matchick, MLB player for the Detroit Tigers, Boston Red Sox, Kansas City Royals, Milwaukee Brewers, and the Baltimore Orioles
- Judith Nathan, wife of former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani
- Jack Palance (Hazle Township), Oscar-winning actor
- Andrew Soltis, Chess Grandmaster
- John Thomas Sweeney, murderer of Dominique Dunne, was born and raised in Hazleton
- Bob Tucker, NFL Tight End with the New York Giants
- Lou Barletta, congressman representing the 11th District of Pennsylvania
- Russ Canzler, Major League Baseball player. Currently a member of the Baltimore Orioles.
Hazleton in popular culture 
- In 1968, the major motion picture The Molly Maguires was filmed in Eckley, Pennsylvania, about 3 miles (4.8 km) from Hazleton. Portions of the film were also shot in Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania.
- In 1997, the Pennsylvania rock band Fuel released an EP titled "Hazleton". The EP was so named because it was recorded at C&C Recording Studio in Hazleton and engineered by West Hazleton native Ivan Justofin.[verification needed]
- Parts of the film Gypsy 83 (2001) were shot in and around Hazleton. A character in the movie was named "Hazleton" in honor of the town.
Local media 
- The Standard-Speaker, daily newspaper, name merged from the Standard Sentinel (morning paper) and Plain Speaker (evening paper)
- WAZL-AM. 1490 on the dial. The station has been on the air since 1932. WAZL's studios are located on South Poplar Street in Hazleton.
- Local News 13 (Public-access television) http://ssptv.com/ - SSPTV's website
- WYLN-35 Broadcast Channel 35 and Service Electric Cablevision cable channel 7 - http://www.wylntv.com/ - WYLN's website
History of local education 
- The first school was built in the 1830s by the Hazleton Coal Company. It was a private elementary school at the corner of Church and Green Streets, the present-day site of Hazleton City Hall.
- Hazleton High School, the first high school, was built in 1875 at Pine and Hemlock Streets, the present-day site of the Pine Street Playground.
- Hazleton Senior High School, the Mountaineers, was built at 9th and Wyoming Streets, in 1926.
- Hazle Township High School, the Shippers
- Foster Township High School, the Falcons
- McAdoo High School, the Maroons
- Freeland High School, the Whippets
- Black Creek Township High School, the Rockets
- West Hazleton High School, the Wildcats
- Bishop Hafey High School, the Vikings, was Hazleton's only Roman Catholic High School, owned by the Diocese of Scranton. It was opened in 1971 and closed in 2007 by the order of former Bishop Joseph F. Martino.
Hazleton Area School District 
Between 1966 and 1992, the Hazleton Area School District closed all area high schools except Hazleton, Freeland, and West Hazleton. The Hazleton Area High School opened at 1601 West 23rd Street beginning in the 1992-1993 school year, which resulted in the complete consolidation of all remaining area high schools.
The Hazleton Area School District encompasses 300 square miles (780 km2), which is one of the largest school districts in the state. It includes 1 city, 6 boroughs, 9 townships, (16 municipalities) and 3 counties. Enrollment is currently over 10,000 students. In 2004, the Hazleton Area High School was the 11th largest high school in the state.
The schools of the Hazleton Area School District are:
- Arthur Street Elementary School / Arthur Street Annex, the Lions
- Drums Elementary / Middle School, the Tigers
- Freeland Elementary / Middle School, the Whippets
- Hazleton Area High School, the Cougars
- Hazleton Area Career Center (through Hazleton Area High School)
- Hazleton Elementary / Middle School, the Mountaineers
- Heights-Terrace Elementary / Middle School, the Hawks
- McAdoo-Kelayres Elementary / Middle School, the Mustangs
- Ninth Grade Center (through Hazleton Area High School - located at the former Hazle Township Elementary School building)
- Valley Elementary / Middle School, the Eagles
- West Hazleton Elementary / Middle School, the Wildcats
Current Hazleton Area School Board directors are:
- Brian Earley, President
- Robert Mehalick, Vice-President
- Anthony Bonomo
- Robert Childs, M.D.
- Steven Hahn
- Clarence John
- Robert Wallace
- Marfy Degenhart-Yanac
- Carmella Yenkevich
Private schools 
- MMI Preparatory School, the Preppers
- Holy Family Academy, the Golden Eagles (located at the former St. Joseph's Memorial School). The school is owned by the Diocese of Scranton.
- Immanuel Christian School, the Lions
Colleges and universities 
- Penn State Hazleton
- Lackawanna College
- Luzerne County Community College
- McCann School of Business and Technology
- Joseph Yannuzzi
City Council 
- James Perry, President
- Karin Cabell, Vice President
- Jack Mundie
- Jean Mope
- Keith Bast
Transportation Infrastructure 
Air transit 
Hazleton's commercial passenger airport is the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport located in Avoca, Pennsylvania. The Lehigh Valley International Airport also serves Greater Hazleton. The Hazleton Municipal Airport is the general aviation airport for the city.
Public transportation 
Public transportation is provided by the Hazleton Public Transit, a service of the City of Hazleton's Department of Public Services. HPT operates nine routes throughout the city and neighboring communities.
While Hazleton currently has no passenger rail service, it is a major regional center for commercial rail traffic, operated by Norfolk Southern Railway.
Three Interstate highways run outside the Hazleton area, with associated exits to the city.
- Interstate 81, which runs from Dandridge, Tennessee in the south, to Wellesley Island, New York in the north.
- Interstate 80, which runs from San Francisco, California in the west, to Fort Lee, New Jersey in the east.
- Interstate 476, the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, which runs from Chester to Clarks Summit, near Scranton.
Museums and Organizations 
- Eckley Miners' Village
- The Greater Hazleton Historical Society and Museum- http://hazletonmuseum.org/
- The Hazleton Area Public Library
- The MPB Community Players
- The Nuremberg Community Players
- The Pennsylvania Theatre of Performing Arts (PTPA)
Parks and recreation 
Annual Festivals 
Hazleton's annual street festival, Funfest, is celebrated usually during the second weekend of September. The festival includes a craft show, a car show, entertainment from local bands, and many games of chance. The Funfest parade is held on Sunday during the Funfest weekend. First Night Hazleton, Hazleton's annual New Years Party is held every New Year's Eve. Valley Day is celebrated in Conyngham during the first weekend of August. Many church festivals, including the Festival of the Madonna del Monte at Most Precious Blood Roman Catholic Church in Hazleton, is celebrated to preserve the Italian heritage of Hazleton. This is honored by carrying candle houses (cintis) by men up and down the streets of the eastern side of town, from the church to the Key Club, which is located on Monges Street.
Regional Parks and Outdoor Entertainment 
- Altmiller Playground
- Hazle Township Community Park & Soccer Fields
- Eagle Rock Resort (private)
- Edgewood In The Pines Golf Course
- Greater Hazleton Rails To Trails
- Hickory Run State Park
- Lehigh Gorge State Park
- Paragon Off-Road Adventure Park
- Valley Country Club Golf Course (private)
- Whitewater Challenge, in Jim Thorpe
Hazleton was a long-time home to minor baseball. On April 14, 1934, the Philadelphia Phillies entered into an affiliation agreement with the New York-Penn League Hazleton Mountaineers. This was the first ever minor league affiliation for the Phillies. The last minor-league club to play in Hazleton was the Hazleton Dodgers in 1950, a Brooklyn Dodgers farm-club which played in the Class D North Atlantic League.
Landmarks and Historic Locations 
- Eckley Miners' Village, Eckley, PA
- Hazleton Elementary / Middle School (former Hazleton Senior High School)
- Our Lady of Mount Carmel Tyrolean Roman Catholic Church, the only Tyrolean church in the United States (now closed)
- St. Gabriel's Catholic Parish Complex, 122 South Wyoming Street, Hazleton
- Saint Joseph Slovak Roman Catholic Church, 604 North Laurel Street, the first Slovak Roman Catholic church established in the Western Hemisphere
- The Altamont Hotel
- The Duplan Silk Building
- The Hazleton Cemetery (the Vine Street Cemetery)
- The Hazleton National Bank
- Markle Banking & Trust Company Building, tallest building in Hazleton
- The Traders Bank Building
- Israel Platt Pardee Mansion
- The march of the Lattimer Massacre, which began at State Route 924 near Harwood
- The site of the Lattimer Massacre in Hazle Township
Sister cities 
Hazleton has several sister cities. They are:
- - Gorzow Wielkopolski, Lubuskie, Poland
- - Mountain Communities of Lambro and Mingardo, Campania, Italy
- - see link for name places in the USA 
- Greater Hazleton Historical Society
- Greater Hazleton Historical Society
- Greater Hazleton Historical Society
- Text of the ordinances
- Illegal Immigration Relief Act passed | Small Town Defenders - Hazleton, Pennsylvania
- Home - Official Web Site of the City of Hazleton, Pennsylvania
- "Philadelphia Jobs with Justice". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28.
- 2006-19 _Official English
- Lozano v. City of Hazleton :: American Civil Liberties Union of Pennsylvania
- American Civil Liberties Union : Coalition Gains Immediate Halt to Unconstitutional Ordinance in Hazleton, PA
- Canyon News - The Hazleton Case: The People vs. the ACLU
- "Towns take a local approach to blocking illegal aliens". Washington Times. 2006-09-21.
- "Welcome To Hazleton". CBS News. November 17, 2006.
- BillOReilly.com: The O'Reilly Factor Flash
- Judge Voids ordinance on Illegal Immigration. The New York Times. July 27, 2007
- Outside The Lines: Joe Maddon's Hazleton
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Newsday article[dead link]
- "Amazon to Locate New Distribution Center in Hazleton, PA". Reuters. May 19, 2008.
- "Gypsy 83 Press Kit". Gypsy 83 Press Kit. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- Ragan, Tom (2 March 2011). "'Bethenny Ever After' episode focuses on city native's hometown". Standard-Speaker. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "Hazelton to Be Phils' Farm". New York Times. 1934-04-15. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
- "Hazleton, PA". BR Bullpen. Retrieved 2009-09-29.