Yunshan, Jiangxi, Qing Empire
|Died||1984 (aged 73–74)
Shanghai, People's Republic of China
|Communist Party of China|
|Children||Yang Yuehua (b. 1929)
Fourth son (b. 1930)
Mao Anhong (b. 1932)
Second daughter (b. 1935)
Li Min (b. 1936)
Sixth son (b. 1938)
He Zizhen was born in Yunshan (云山, now Yongxin County), Jiangxi, during Qing Dynasty China, and joined the Communist Youth League in 1925. She graduated from the Yongxin Girls' School and joined the Communist Party of China in 1926. He Zizhen was introduced to Mao Zedong at Jinggangshan by Yuan Wencai, a classmate of her elder brother, in the spring of 1928. An expert in guerrilla warfare and a capable fighter, He Zizhen was also an excellent shooter whom earned the nickname of "Two-Gunned Girl General." When they married, Mao didn't divorce Yang Kaihui and Yang was not arrested yet.
He Zizhen had three daughters and three sons with Mao Zedong, but except for their daughter, Li Min, all of them died young or were separated from the family. Their eldest daughter, who was left to a local family in Fujian, was found and recognized by He Zizhen's brother in 1973, but never had the chance to meet Mao or He. Two English researchers who retraced the entire Long March in 2002–2003 located a woman whom they believe might be a missing child left in the care of others by Mao and He in 1935. Ed Jocelyn and Andrew McEwen hope a member of the Mao family will respond to requests for a DNA test.
In 2007, a memorial hall was opened in Yongxin for He Zizhen with her daughter, Li Min, present as a guest.
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