Headbands are a clothing accessory worn in the hair or around the forehead, usually to hold hair away from the face or eyes. Headbands generally consist of a loop of elastic material or a horseshoe-shaped piece of flexible plastic or metal. They come in assorted shapes and sizes and are used for both fashion and practical/utilitarian purposes.
Greeks and Romans
The beginning of headbands started no later than the ancient Greeks, around 475 BC to 330 BC, who wore hair wreaths. The Greeks and Romans wore these pieces for very special occasions or an important event. Cultures such as the Etruscans and Romans started to decorate their wreaths with jewels made up of gold and silver. While wreaths are certainly a likely beginning of today's headbands, some believe that current day hair bands have slowly taken shape from scarves that were worn around the head or were modified from the band of hats that tied under the chin.
Generally, male Sikhs of the Khalsa branch must wear a turban, but a branch of the Khalsas called Mona Sikhs are free to wear headbands instead to prevent sweat from dripping into their eyes from their hair, especially when their hair is long, choosing to wear turbans only when attending a religious ceremony. Another Sikh group, the Sahajdharis, the most liberal of all Sikhs, also choose to dress in this way.
Early 20th century
In the early 20th century, wide headbands known as headache bands were very popular accessories in women's fashion. Their name, of course, results from the belief that the tight pressure they provided around the forehead could relieve or prevent headaches. The French called such a garment a bandeau (bandeaux, plural). In the 1910s, headache bands would likely have been more lacy in design—a crochet central panel decorated with ribbons and rosettes and bordered with lace, for example. Examples from the 1920s and 1930s are more apt to be dramatic sheaths in exotic fabrics and decorated with feathers, and would have been worn with fashions by couturiers such as Paul Poiret. These sorts of headache bands probably achieved their peak of popularity in the 1920s. Today, items called headache bands are apt to be strictly utilitarian and medical in focus.
In Japanese culture, hachimaki headbands may symbolise determination or devotion.
Traditionally in Korea, warriors and members of military organizations such as the hwarang wore specialized headbands that kept hair firmly in place. Practically, these headbands served to clear any obstruction to the eyes so as to not hinder the soldier in combat. Emblematically, the headbands served to symbolize strength of loyalty and submission to the state.
Contemporary Korean high school students, particularly male students, are often portrayed donning headbands in preparation for the rigorous college entrance examinations. Students commonly write encouraging or inspiring phrases on these headbands, such as "do or die!". This practice has been largely popularized by the media.
Materials and uses
There are many kinds of headbands such as,wooden,leathered, plastic, metal, fabric, hemp, teeth, human and animal hair, bone, and novelty. The leather headbands are usually glued onto a harder plastic headband, or they are hand-stitched. Plastic headbands, which are most common, can be wavy, straight or angled and come in many colours. Metal can also be used to form and support leather headbands. Metal-only headbands may be plain or decorated, sometimes with precious jewels. Fabric headbands are comfortable because they do not dig into the head. They usually have an elastic band, so that the headband forms to the head. The toothed headbands have comb-like teeth that are connected to the top part of the headband. Their teeth ensure that the hair stays in place. Novelty headbands can be used for holidays and may have decorations attached such as bunny ears, reindeer ears, Santa Claus hats and others. Headbands are often part of a larger fashion statement - they can be colour-coded and matched accordingly to one's outfit.
Headbands, or sweatbands, are worn around the forehead during physical activity to absorb sweat and keep it from reaching the eyes. Sweatbands are often made of a continuous loop of terrycloth, as it is a particularly absorbent fabric. Folded bandanas, usually knotted behind the head, also serve this purpose. Headbands are usually used for sports but have not been popular since the late 1970s or early 1980s. However, LeBron James is one of the most notable players who wears a headband during basketball games. When James' signature headband fell during game 6 of the 2013 NBA Finals, a heavy discussion on Twitter began. The discussion spawned from LeBron's improved play in the game without his headband. A running joke and sports meme about James' receding hairline also caused several users on Twitter.com to discuss his fallen headband. James, himself, has addressed and used the joke.
Some specialized headbands are designed to be worn covering the ears, to protect from cold temperatures and snow. These tend to be broader and of heavier fabric.These headbands are usually made from a heavier material such as neofleece, micro fleece, polyester and other materials. They are usually designed to draw sweat away from the skin and keep it dry and warm. These headbands also come in many colors and are useful when doing winter activities such as skiing or snowboarding.
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- Chambers 21st Century Dictionary Allied Publishers
- "Fancy headache band, early 20th century". Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- "A Headband By Any Other Name". July 7, 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- "A Feather in Your Cap: How Women Wore Their Hats, from Marie Antoinette to WWII". March 16, 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- "Princess Diana in Australia, 1985, A Look Back at Princess Diana's Jewelry". Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- Hartzell, Jonathan (June 19, 2013). "WHAT THEY’RE SAYING: LEBRON’S HEADBAND". All Ball. National Basketball Association. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Manfred, Tony (June 19, 2013). "LeBron James Looks Shockingly Different Without His Headband". Business Insider. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Boldizsar, Todd (December 21, 2010). "Pete Sampras and the 20 Worst Receding Hairlines in Sports". Bleacher Report. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Kurt Helin (August 24, 2011). "Even LeBron is poking fun at LeBron’s hairline". Pro Basketball Talk. NBC Sports. Retrieved June 19, 2013.