Headland, Alabama

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This statue of a WWI doughboy, with his arm outstretched, honors all of Headland's military dead. It stands at the center of Headland Public Square.
This statue of a WWI doughboy, with his arm outstretched, honors all of Headland's military dead. It stands at the center of Headland Public Square.
Location in Henry County and the state of Alabama
Location in Henry County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 31°21′12″N 85°20′23″W / 31.35333°N 85.33972°W / 31.35333; -85.33972
Country United States
State Alabama
County Henry
 • Total 16 sq mi (41.5 km2)
 • Land 16 sq mi (41.5 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 404 ft (123 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,523
 • Density 220.2/sq mi (84.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36345
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-33856
GNIS feature ID 0119910
Website http://www.headlandalabama.org/

Headland is a city in Henry County, Alabama, United States. It is part of the Dothan, Alabama metropolitan area. At the 2000 census the population was 3,523. Ray Marler is the current mayor.


James Joshua Head (1839–1927) founded Headland in 1871 as "Head's Land". He patented land, plotted the town and built his home. The Post Office opened, as Headland, on October 10, 1871.

The Headland Public Square was laid off in 1871 by J.J. Head with a vision for a branch courthouse. Henry County voters decided in the 1879 and 1885 court house site elections not to locate a court house on the public square, Henry has been Alabama's only county with three court houses at the same time.

J.J. Head sold Headland to Hosey C. Powell in 1879, who sold to Dr. Wyatt S. Oates in 1880. J.J. Head moved to Tampa, Florida in 1883 and later established Lake Magdalene, Florida.

Headland incorporated in 1884 with 26 white and 4 black petitioners. The railroad was built in 1893 along with the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad Depot. The depot was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 4, 1980. It has since been disassembled.

Headland's "Spirit of the American Doughboy" statue was the first public statue in Henry County. It was erected on the square in 1926 as a tribute to the town's military dead. The square was paved in 1935.

As of the 2000 Census, Headland had grown into Henry County's largest city.


Headland is located at 31°21′12″N 85°20′23″W / 31.35333°N 85.33972°W / 31.35333; -85.33972 (31.353410, -85.339793).[1]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.0 square miles (41 km2), of which, 16.0 square miles (41 km2) of it is land and 0.06% is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 602
1910 1,090 81.1%
1920 1,252 14.9%
1930 1,811 44.6%
1940 2,052 13.3%
1950 2,091 1.9%
1960 2,650 26.7%
1970 2,545 −4.0%
1980 3,327 30.7%
1990 3,266 −1.8%
2000 3,523 7.9%
2010 4,510 28.0%
Est. 2013 4,720 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]
2013 Estimate[3]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,523 people, 1,423 households, and 1,027 families residing in the city. The population density was 219.7 people per square mile (84.9/km²). There were 1,516 housing units at an average density of 94.6 per square mile (36.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.53% White, 31.28% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.03% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the 2006 census estimate, Headland's population was 5,271 people or an increase of 50% since 2000.[citation needed]

There were 1,423 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,388, and the median income for a family was $42,150. Males had a median income of $33,500 versus $20,165 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,069. About 10.6% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.


Headland was home to the Headland Dixie Runners, a minor league baseball team in the Alabama State League/Alabama-Florida League from 1950 to 1952.

Notable residents[edit]



External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°21′12″N 85°20′23″W / 31.35341°N 85.339793°W / 31.35341; -85.339793