Headley Down shown within Hampshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||GU35 8|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||East Hampshire|
Headley Down is a village within the civil parish of Headley in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England surrounded on two sides by National Trust land. It is 36 miles (58 km) south west of London and 2.9 miles (4.6 km) east of Bordon. Nearby are the villages of Grayshott and Churt.
The area was called Headley Down on maps as early as 1801, and from about the 1870s houses began to be built by people wishing to live or holiday in the healthy environment for which the Hindhead area was notable. It was also described as Headley Common on a map (of about 1868) of the large Wishanger Manor Estate.
The side-roads in Headley Down were laid out in a grid system at least as early as 1909, rather than radiating out from a central point such as a church.
The Land of Nod estate predates Headley Down, possibly established in the early 18th century; an owner of the estate believed its name derived from an earlier incumbent by the name of Cane or Keyne, an excommunicant, and is a reference to the biblical story of Cain's banishment. The estate lies mainly to the north of the village. Kelly's Directory of 1895 lists J Henry Christian as a private resident of the Land of Nod.
Headley Down was formally named in March 1923 when the Post Office proclaimed that 'the official name of the Telephone Call Office which has been established on Stone Hill will be Headley Down.' A Post Office was built in the 1960s in Carlton Road and remained open until it was incorporated into Whittle's store (now Londis) in Eddeys Lane.
During the Second World War the area was home to several camps for Canadian soldiers. Headley Down's camp was a military detention centre named Erie, and was built on the Land of Nod estate owned by Major L Whitaker. The camp was subsequently demolished.
In the 1950s Alfred Whittle opened a general store, butcher's and coal merchant in Eddeys Lane to accommodate Headley Down's increasing post-war population.
Most side-roads in Headley Down remained unpaved until the 1960s when there was a considerable increase in permanent housing in addition to replacing or upgrading the numerous temporary holiday homes.
In the 1970s, 350 community housing homes were built on the site of the former Erie Camp and named Heatherlands. The estate houses approximately one fifth of the Headley parish population. In 2006 Heatherlands/Headley Down was considered to be the most deprived ward in East Hampshire, and East Hampshire District Council expressed the view that Headley's Parish Plan was not sufficiently inclusive of the whole parish. The Parish Council set out to explore ways to improve social inclusion and in 2007 produced a report with recommendations for action.
The main through road is the B3002 (Beech Hill/Grayshott Road) connecting Headley Down to the A333 (the old A3) at Hindhead via Grayshott to the east, and to the A325 at Bordon, via Headley and Lindford to the west.
The nearest railway station is 3.3 miles (5.3 km) south of the village, at Liphook.
- A Londis convenience shop (Whittle's) is located in Eddeys Lane, next to a butcher's. The Post Office is in the Londis store.
- There is a One Stop local shop, a.k.a. M&W's, on the Heatherlands estate.
- Beech Hill Garage (formerly Wilson & Pickett Ltd) has stood at the crossroads at the top of Beech Hill for at least 50 years.
- St Francis Community Church - An interdenominational church for Headley Down and the surrounding area. Located on Eddeys Lane.
- Headley Scouts - A Scout, Cub and Beaver Group meets at the Scout Centre on Beech Hill Road.
- Headley Down Community Association (HDCA) is a charity dedicated to the improvement of the local community.
- Naturism - Headley Down has been the home of a naturist establishment for many years; the Haslemere Sun Club (established 1947) is in Pond Road.
Ludshott Common, adjoining the eastern and southern boundary of the village, is one of the largest remaining areas of heathland in East Hampshire. It covers 285 ha (705 acres) and is designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and Special Protection Area (SPA) due to the number of endangered species, including woodlark, nightjar and Dartford warbler. There are also a great variety of spider and butterfly species, including the silver-studded blue, grayling and green hairstreak.
Pond Road is so named for a pond that existed up until the 1970s when it was drained and subsequently attracted fly-tipping. Local residents remembered it had previously contained fish and attracted kingfishers. With the aid of local and county council grants it was re-established in 2003 and is now known as Fuller's Vale Wildlife Pond.
- The King of Norway (Haakon VII) lived in Headley Down for a time after his country was invaded by the Germans; the house (Stonedene) has since been demolished, replaced by a residential development called Stonedene Close.
- Lady Diana Spencer's first job after leaving finishing school (1977-8) was nanny with the Whitaker family of the Land of Nod.
- Major L I T Whitaker of the Land of Nod was High Sheriff of Hampshire in 1962.
- Smith, John Owen (2003). Headley's past in pictures. ISBN 1873855273.
- "Hantsphere heritage in place - Wishanger Manor Estate". Retrieved 13 Oct 2013.
- "Old Maps of Headley Down (reference HOSM48074) - Francis Frith". Retrieved 13 Oct 2013.
- "Headley's past in pictures (Hantsphere heritage in place)". Retrieved 7 Oct 2013.
- Kelly's Directory of Hampshire, 1895.
- "Hantsphere heritage in place". Retrieved 13 Oct 2013.
- Smith, John Owen. "A Glossary for Headley". Retrieved 2 Oct 2013.
- BBC WW2 People's War
- "Exploring Headley". Retrieved 6 Oct 2013.
- "Headley Parish Plan - Social inclusion (2007)". Retrieved 6 Oct 2013.
- National Trust | South East | Ludshott Common & Waggoner's Wells
- "Fuller's Vale Wildlife Pond Association". Retrieved 2 Oct 2013.
- "Diana's early years to be revealed in new book by Prince William". Daily Mail Online. 30 August 2007. Retrieved 2 Oct 2013.
- "An absent friend". Daily Telegraph Online. 27 November 2009. Retrieved 2 Oct 2013.
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