Healesville railway line

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Healesville railway line, Melbourne
Line details
Opened 1889
Closed 1983 – Freight 1992
Fate Yarra Valley Railway
Length 25.2 km (15.7 mi)
Stations 6
Tracks Single track
Connections Lilydale and Warburton lines
Railways in Melbourne
Melbourne-Healesville rail ticket 1978

The Healesville railway line, in Melbourne, Australia, was the non-electrified continuation of the suburban Lilydale line, extending into the Yarra Valley. The line closed in the 1980s, but a heritage railway group is working to retain part of the line.

History[edit]

The Lilydale railway line was extended to Yarra Flats (now known as Yarra Glen) on 15 May 1888 with intermediate stations at Coldstream and Yering. Part of the structure included a long timber viaduct with 502 openings near Yarra Glen, spanning the Yarra River and the adjacent flood plains.[1] The extension of the line from Yarra Glen to Healesville on 1 March 1889 required a 1 in 40 climb into a 154.4 metre tunnel with a corresponding descent at nearly the same grade. Opened at the same time was the intermediate station of Tarrawarra.

Traffic on the line included timber, livestock, milk and dairy products. Early timetables included regular goods services specifically for transporting milk.

The last regular steam passenger service was hauled in August 1964. From this time until closure of the line in 1980, passenger services were run using diesel-electric rail motors. As from 9 December 1980 all services were withdrawn, except for some goods services to Coldstream. The line was officially closed to all traffic on 10 March 1983.[2]

Around 2003 the uncontrolled level crossings at Beresford Rd and the Macintyre Lane were effectively removed by simply rebuilding the roads at a slightly raised level, burying the tracks beneath the bitumen. This was advantageous for the bus company whose depot is situated near the Beresford Rd crossing as buses are required to come to a complete stop at uncontrolled level crossings even if the rail line is disused. Stopping is no longer necessary now that the crossing has been removed.

On 7 February 2009 most of the trestle bridges which were a major part of the viaduct crossing the Yarra river and its floodplains were destroyed in the Black Saturday bushfires.

Services[edit]

The Healesville line had both passenger and freight services. The passenger services generally ran as a shuttle between Lilydale and Healesville stations. The freight services transported local timber, live-stock, and dairy products. Early trains running on the line included a daily evening "mixed milk and passenger train" and a single milk train on Sundays.

Prior to electrification reaching Lilydale in November 1925, the line was operated by 'A2' locomotives. After this time passenger trains on the Healesville and Warburton lines were run by two electric motor carriages from Melbourne to Lilydale, at which place 'K' or 'D3' steam locos took the carriages onto Healesville and Warburton.

On 28 October 1957 the steam hauled 7-day-a-week service was replaced by a 153hp Walker railmotor operating four services a day each way and three on weekends. Prior to this, services were limited to three each way on weekdays and two each way on weekends. On 21 April 1958 the Victorian Education Department subsidised school trains using a Walker railcar. This rail car service crossed with other services at Yarra Glen until 1972.

Trains operating on the line[edit]

Throughout the existence of the line many steam and diesel locomotives and railcars operated on the Healesville line.

  • R class steam locomotives (1889–)
  • D class steam locomotives (1908–)

By 1913 all classes of locomotives were permitted on the line, however by 1918 all classes but the C class were allowed.

Towards the closure of the line the DERM (Diesel Electric Rail Motor) was only permitted a maximum speed on 30 km/h and no locomotive-hauled passenger trains were permitted. Only "Y" class diesels could haul the freight services due to the deterioration of the track condition, which resulted in the derailment of T401 on 5 August 1980.

Current status[edit]

The Yarra Valley Railway currently run a Walker railcar from Healesville to the Tarrawarra Winery, crossing the Watts River, under the Donovan's Road overbridge and through the tunnel.

There are plans in place to improve the line from Healesville to Tarrawarra to a standard suitable for the running of Rail Motors, with further goals being reconstruction to Yarra Glen and Lilydale. In addition, works are underway to restore the track from Yarra Glen to Simpsons Lane with a view to bringing trolley services to Yarra Glen.

Railmotor operations have commenced with restored 153 hp walker railmotor RM22 receiving accreditation to run a passenger train on the line as of 5 March 2010. It ran its first paying passenger run since restored on 7 March with the seats being auctioned in singles, doubles and triples to the exhibitors of the model railway show.

The tourist railway is in possession of a number of locomotives, including two Victorian Railways J-class steam engines, a T-class diesel-electric locomotive, a W-class diesel-hydraulic locomotive, a 153 hp Walker Rail motor and a diesel electric rail motor (DERM).

Line guide[edit]

Services to Healesville mostly departed from Lilydale.

Healesville railway line
Lilydale Line
Lilydale 37.8km
Lilydale Yard
Olinda Creek
Beresford Road (tracks buried)
Warburton Line
Nelson Road
Healesville Line
Coldstream 41.9km (Planned tourist railway extension)
Station Street
Yering 46km (Planned tourist railway extension)
Macintyre Lane (tracks buried)
Stringybark Creek
Yarra River flood plains(burnt down)
Yarra River(burnt down)
Yarra River flood plains(burnt down)
Yarra Glen 50km
Melba Highway
Yarra Glen recreation and Show Grounds
Steels Creek
drain
drain
Tarrawarra Road
Tarrawarra 54.7km
drain
Access Road
drain
Tunnel
Donovans Road
Watts River
Healesville-Kinglake Road
Healesville 63km

See also[edit]

References[edit]