Community health center

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An NHS health centre in the United Kingdom.

A health center or community health center is a clinic staffed by a group of general practitioners and nurses. Typical services covered are family practice and dental care, but some clinics have expanded greatly and can include internal medicine, pediatric, women’s care, family planning, pharmacy, optometry, lab, and more. In 2006, the National Association of Community Health Centers implemented a model for offering free, rapid HIV testing to all patients between the ages of 13 and 64 during routine primary medical and dental care visits.[1]

Despite existing for over 40 years, Community Health Centers (CHCs) in Ontario, Canada tend to be health care visionaries. The CHC approach to health care is on keeping people healthy as oppose to treating them when they are ill. Clients include the uninsured, underinsured, low-income or those living in areas where little access to primary health care is available. Most CHC's consist of an interdisciplinary team of health care providers using electronic health records.[2]

Community Health Centers (CHCs) in the U.S. are neighborhood health centers generally serving Medically Underserved Areas (MUAs) which includes persons who are uninsured, underinsured, low-income or those living in areas where little access to primary health care is available. Largely federally and locally funded, some health clinics are surprisingly modernized with new equipment and electronic medical records.

Medically Underserved Areas/Populations are areas or populations designated by the Health Resources and Services Administration, or HRSA as having: too few primary care providers, high infant mortality, high poverty and/or high elderly population. Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) are designated by HRSA as having shortages of primary medical care, dental or mental health providers and may be geographic (a county or service area), demographic (low income population) or institutional (comprehensive health center, federally qualified health center or other public facility).

In China there are, as of 2011, 32,812 community health centers and 37,374 township health centers.[3]

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  1. ^ "Community Health Centers Integrate Rapid HIV Screening Into Routine Primary Care, Leading to Significant Increases in Testing Rates". Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  2. ^ "Association of Ontario Health Centres". Association of Ontario Health Centres. 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  3. ^ "Statistical Communiqué on the 2011 National Economic and Social Development". stats.gov.cn. National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2012-09-05.