Community health center

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An NHS health centre in the United Kingdom.

A health center or community health center is a clinic staffed by a group of general practitioners and nurses. Typical services covered are family practice and dental care,[clarification needed] but some clinics have expanded greatly and can include internal medicine, pediatric, women’s care, family planning, pharmacy, optometry, lab, and more. Clients include the uninsured, underinsured, low-income or those living in areas where little access to primary health care is available.[citation needed]

Community health centres by country[edit]

Canada[edit]

Community Health Centers (CHCs) have existed in Ontario for more than 40 years.[1] The CHC approach to health care is on keeping people healthy as oppose to treating them when they are ill.[citation needed] Most CHC's consist of an interdisciplinary team of health care providers using electronic health records.[1]

In Quebec, local community services centres known by their French acronym, CLSC, offer routine health and social services, including consultations with general practioners with or without an appointment.[2]

United States[edit]

Community Health Centers (CHCs) in the U.S. are neighborhood health centers generally serving Medically Underserved Areas (MUAs) which includes persons who are uninsured, underinsured, low-income or those living in areas where little access to primary health care is available. Largely federally and locally funded, some health clinics are surprisingly modernized with new equipment and electronic medical records. In 2006, the National Association of Community Health Centers implemented a model for offering free, rapid HIV testing to all patients between the ages of 13 and 64 during routine primary medical and dental care visits.[3]

Medically Underserved Areas/Populations are areas or populations designated by the Health Resources and Services Administration, or HRSA as having: too few primary care providers, high infant mortality, high poverty and/or high elderly population. Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) are designated by HRSA as having shortages of primary medical care, dental or mental health providers and may be geographic (a county or service area), demographic (low income population) or institutional (comprehensive health center, federally qualified health center or other public facility).

China[edit]

In China there are, as of 2011, 32,812 community health centers and 37,374 township health centers.[4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Association of Ontario Health Centres". Association of Ontario Health Centres. 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  2. ^ "Local Community Services Centres (CLSCs)". Santé Montréal Portal (in English). Gouvernement du Québec. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  3. ^ "Community Health Centers Integrate Rapid HIV Screening Into Routine Primary Care, Leading to Significant Increases in Testing Rates". Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  4. ^ "Statistical Communiqué on the 2011 National Economic and Social Development". stats.gov.cn. National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2012-09-05.