Hearst Tower (New York City)
|The Hearst Tower|
Hearst Tower in 2006
|Location||300 West 57 Street
New York City, U.S.
|Construction started||30 April 2003|
|Cost||$500 million ($6250/office sq.m.)|
|Roof||182 m (597 ft)|
|Floor area||80,000 square metres (861,100 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Foster + Partners
Adamson Associates Architects
|Structural engineer||WSP Cantor Seinuk|
The Hearst Tower is a building located at 300 West 57th Street, 959 8th Avenue, near Columbus Circle in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, New York. It is the world headquarters of the Hearst Corporation, bringing together for the first time their numerous publications and communications companies under one roof, including, among others, Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Marie Claire, Harper's Bazaar, Good Housekeeping and Seventeen.
The six-story base of the headquarters building was commissioned by the founder, William Randolph Hearst and awarded to the architect Joseph Urban. The building was completed in 1928 at a cost of $2 million and contained 40,000 square feet (3,700 m2). The original cast stone facade has been preserved in the new design as a designated Landmark site. Originally built as the base for a proposed skyscraper, the construction of the tower was postponed due to the Great Depression. The new tower addition was completed nearly eighty years later, and 2,000 Hearst employees moved in on 26 June 2006.
The tower – designed by the architect Norman Foster, structurally engineered by WSP Cantor Seinuk, and constructed by Turner construction – is 46 stories tall, standing 182 meters (597 ft) with 80,000 square metres (860,000 sq ft) of office space. The uncommon triangular framing pattern (also known as a diagrid) required 9,500 metric tons (10,480 tons) of structural steel – reportedly about 20% less than a conventional steel frame. Hearst Tower was the first skyscraper to break ground in New York City after September 11, 2001. The building received the 2006 Emporis Skyscraper Award, citing it as the best skyscraper in the world completed that year.
Hearst Tower is the first "green" high rise office building completed in New York City, with a number of environmental considerations built into the plan. The floor of the atrium is paved with heat conductive limestone. Polyethylene tubing is embedded under the floor and filled with circulating water for cooling in the summer and heating in the winter. Rain collected on the roof is stored in a tank in the basement for use in the cooling system, to irrigate plants and for the water sculpture in the main lobby. 85% of the building's structural steel contains recycled material. Overall, the building has been designed to use 26% less energy than the minimum requirements for the city of New York, and earned a gold designation from the United States Green Building Council’s LEED certification program, becoming New York City's first LEED Gold skyscraper.
The atrium features escalators which run through a 3-story water sculpture titled Icefall, a wide waterfall built with thousands of glass panels, which cools and humidifies the lobby air. The water element is complemented by a 70-foot-tall (21 m) fresco painting titled Riverlines by artist Richard Long
On June 12, 2013, two window cleaners were trapped on the window cleaning crane partway down from the top of the tower. The unique zigzag grid on the building's exterior and "bird's mouth" divots on its corners necessitated development of a special scaffold for window washers.
According to Curbed, "Designing a cleaning rig that could clean the Hearst Tower took the engineers at Tractel-Swingstage three years (and around $3 million); the company's vice-president of engineering had never seen anything like what Foster and Partners called the building's 'bird's mouths'."
The resulting design incorporates "a rectangular steel box the size of a Smart car, supporting a 40-foot mast and hydraulic boom arm attached by six strands of wire rope to a telescopic cleaning basket, [and housing] a computer that monitors 67 electromechanical safety sensors and switches." The device was installed in April 2005 on 420 feet of elevated steel track looping the roof of the tower.
- "Hearst Tower History". Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- New York Post
- "Emporis Awards". Emporis. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- Pearce, Matt. (2013, June 12). Window washers stranded 45 stories high in Manhattan are rescued. The Los Angeles Times: retrieved 6/13/2013.
- Further reading
- Stichweh, Dirk. New York Skyscrapers. Prestel Publishing, Munich 2009, ISBN 3-7913-4054-9
- Up to the Sky: Hearst Tower, New York. Documentary by Sabine Pollmeier and Joachim Haupt. 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hearst Tower (New York City).|
- The Hearst Tower: a case study on Constructalia
- Hearst Tower on Emporis
- Hearst Magazine Tower at Structurae
- in-Arch.net: The Hearst Magazine Building background
- New York Architect Images
- Model of the Hearst Tower for Google Sketchup and Google Earth
- Luxis Hearst Tower New York, NY
- Hearst Tower in New York City Structural detail and images.
- Hearst Tower Documentary produced by Treasures of New York