Heart (band)

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Heart
Heart at the Beacon Theater, 2012.jpg
Sisters Nancy and Ann Wilson at the Beacon Theater in New York City, 2012
Background information
Also known as The Army (1963, 1967-1969)
White Heart (1969–1972)
Hocus Pocus (1972–1973)
Origin (Members from) Seattle,
Washington, USA
(Band based in) Vancouver,
British Columbia, Canada (1973–76)
Genres Rock, folk rock, hard rock
Years active 1973–present
Labels Mushroom, Epic, Sony BMG, Portrait, Legacy, EMI, Capitol, Shout! Factory, Sovereign, Sony Legacy
Associated acts The Lovemongers
Alias
Website heart-music.com
Members Ann Wilson
Nancy Wilson
Ben Smith
Craig Bartock
Debbie Shair
Dan Rothchild
Past members See: Former members

Heart is an American rock band that first found success in Canada and later in the United States and worldwide. Over the group's four-decade history, the band has had three primary lineups, with the constant center of the group since 1974 being sisters Ann Wilson (lead singer) and Nancy Wilson (guitarist). Heart rose to fame in the mid-1970s with music influenced by hard rock and heavy metal[1] as well as folk music. Their popularity declined in the early 1980s, but the band enjoyed a comeback starting in 1985 and experienced even greater success with album oriented rock (AOR) hits and hard rock ballads into the 1990s. With Jupiter's Darling (2004), Red Velvet Car (2010), and Fanatic (2012), Heart made a return to their hard rock and acoustic folk roots.

To date, Heart has sold over 35 million records worldwide,[2] including over 22.5 million in album sales in the U.S.[3] The group was ranked number 57 on VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock". With Top 10 albums on the Billboard Album Chart in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and 2010s, Heart is among the most commercially enduring hard rock bands in history. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2013.[4][5]

History[edit]

Formation (1963/1967–74)[edit]

Heart prior to the Wilson sisters
White Heart / Heart promotional photo (1970)
(L-R) Gary Ziegelman, Ron Rudge, Ken Hansen, Roger Fisher, Steve Fossen, James Cirrello

In 1967 (some sources state 1963),[6] bassist Steve Fossen formed a band named "The Army" along with Roger Fisher on guitar, Don Wilhelm on guitar, keyboards and lead vocals, and Ray Schaefer on drums.[7][8] They played for several years in and around the Bothell, Washington, area (northeast of Seattle). They frequently played Bothell High School, Inglemoor High School and Shorecrest High School, as well as many taverns and club venues. In 1969 the band went through line-up changes (Gary Ziegelman on lead vocals, Roger on guitar, Steve on bass, James Cirrello on guitar, Ron Rudge on drums, Ken Hansen on percussion,[7] and Debi Cuidon on vocals[citation needed]) and a new name, White Heart[7] (from Tales from the White Hart, a collection of short stories by Arthur C. Clarke). For a brief time in 1970 this line-up shortened its name to Heart and dropped "White"; however, the band went through more personnel changes. In 1971, Heart consisted of Steve Fossen, Roger Fisher, David Belzer (keys) and Jeff Johnson (drums).[9] After Ann Wilson joined (in 1970 or 1972[10]), the band was renamed Hocus Pocus.[11]

Mike Fisher, Roger's brother, was set to be drafted. Nancy Wilson has stated that when he did not report for duty, his home was raided, but he slipped out a rear window, escaped to Canada and became a Vietnam War "draft dodger".[12]

One day in 1972 (or 1971[10]), Mike crossed the border to visit family and, by chance, met Ann at a Hocus Pocus (or White Heart[10]) show.[13] According to Nancy, that meeting was "when she and Michael fell in love"[12] and Ann decided to follow Mike back to Canada. Steve Fossen finished his college education before he also decided to move to Canada in late 1972,[7][14] and Roger followed in late 1972 / early 1973. Along with Mike and Ann, the band Heart was officially formed. Her sister Nancy joined in 1974,[11] and soon after became involved with Roger who once said that the Heart Partnership is what he called the two romantically involved couples: himself with Nancy Wilson, and his brother Mike Fisher with Ann Wilson.[note 1]

Commercial breakthrough (1975–76)[edit]

The group played numerous shows around their new home in Vancouver, and they recorded a demo tape with the assistance of producer Mike Flicker and session-guitarist and keyboard player, Howard Leese.[15] Hannah and Johnstone had left by this time, and soon after Leese became a full-time member. Flicker produced the band's first five albums.[16] This team recorded the debut album, Dreamboat Annie, at Can-Base Studios in Vancouver (later known as Mushroom Studios).[17] Mike DeRosier eventually joined Heart as full-time drummer.[17] Some of the same Canadian investors who had backed the studio also backed a separate company Mushroom Records, which was managed by Shelly Siegel.[18] Drummers Duris Maxwell, Dave Wilson, Kat Hendrikse, Michael Derosier, and Bassist Brian Newcombe were among those who also played on the sessions for the album.[19] The album was picked up by Siegel and sold 30,000 copies in Canada in its first few months.[6] Siegel soon released the album in the US, where, helped by two hit singles in 1976, ("Crazy on You" and "Magic Man", which reached numbers thirty-five and nine respectively on the Billboard Hot 100), it reached number seven in the Billboard 200.[20] It eventually sold over one million copies.[6]

Mainstream success (1977–79)[edit]

In 1977 Mushroom ran a full-page advertisement in Rolling Stone magazine showing the bare-shouldered Wilson sisters (as on the "Dreamboat Annie" album cover) with the suggestive caption, "It was only our first time!".[17] When a reporter suggested, backstage after a live appearance, that the sisters were sex partners, the infuriated Ann returned to her hotel room and began writing the lyrics to "Barracuda".[21] Heart broke its contract with Mushroom and signed a contract with CBS subsidiary Portrait Records, resulting in a prolonged legal battle with Siegel.[6] Mushroom released the partly completed Magazine in early 1977, just before Portrait released Little Queen.[6] Both sides attempted to prevent the other from releasing any Heart music.[21] A Seattle court forced Mushroom to recall the album so that Heart could remix tracks and add new vocals, and the album was re-released in 1978.[11] It peaked at number 17 in the US, generating the single "Heartless", which reached number 24 in the chart,[22] and eventually achieved platinum status.[23]

Nancy Wilson (left) and Roger Fisher on stage, 1978.

Little Queen, with the hit "Barracuda" (number 11, 1977),[24] became Heart's second million-seller.[6] Ann and Nancy appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone on July 28, 1977 (issue No. 244).[25] Heart performed at the first Texxas Jam on July 4 weekend in 1978 in Dallas, Texas, at the Cotton Bowl in front of 100,000 people, along with Aerosmith, Van Halen, Ted Nugent, Journey, Frank Marino, Atlanta Rhythm Section, Head East, and Walter Egan.[26]

In late 1978, the double-platinum Dog and Butterfly peaked at 17 on the Billboard 200 and produced top 30 hits with its title song and "Straight On".[27] In 1979 the Wilson-Fisher liaisons ended. Roger Fisher was voted out of the band by the other members [6] and Mike also departed within a month.[11] Nancy Wilson and longtime guitarist Howard Leese filled in the guitar void, and childhood friend Sue Ennis helped with song collaborations. Thom Jurek argues that the absence of Fisher's guitar work was evident on the band's subsequent albums.[28]

Commercial decline (1980–84)[edit]

Heart released Bebe le Strange in 1980.[6] It became the band's third top ten album, peaking at number five, and yielded the Top 40 hit "Even It Up".[29] The band embarked on a 77-city tour to promote the album.[30] By the end of the year, the band scored their highest charted single at the time; a cover of the ballad "Tell It Like It Is", which peaked at number eight,[31] but the album was the first to only achieve gold status.[11] In November 1980, the double album Greatest Hits/Live was released and reached number 12 on the US chart,[32] eventually achieving double platinum status. The two-disc set actually featured studio versions of most of Heart's singles to date, plus a couple of new studio tracks and six live tracks, amongst which were covers of "Unchained Melody", Led Zeppelin's "Rock and Roll" and The Beatles' "I'm Down".[33] But with a total of only two hit singles in 1980 (five singles were actually released) and a hiatus of almost two years to their next studio album, sales following this greatest hits package were weaker than previous efforts.

Their next album Private Audition (1982), was the first not produced by Mike Flicker. Initially the band turned to Jimmy Iovine, one of the leading producers of the time, who suggested that the material lacked potential hits, but eventually the Wilson sisters produced the album themselves.[34] The track "Perfect Stranger" foreshadowed the power ballads that would dominate the band's mid-1980s sound.[35] At the end of recording Derosier and Fossen were fired from the band. They were replaced by Denny Carmassi on drums and Mark Andes on bass for Passionworks (1983), while at the record company's insistence the band turned to established producer Keith Olsen.[36] Both Private Audition and Passionworks had relatively poor sales, failing to reach gold status.[11] Despite the albums' poor sales, the single "How Can I Refuse" was a success reaching number one on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Chart.[31] In 1984 Ann Wilson recorded a duet, with Mike Reno of hard rock band Loverboy, the pop ballad "Almost Paradise", which was featured on the soundtrack of the movie Footloose. The song reached number seven on the US pop chart, and strongly influenced the band to use other songwriters and to change their sound.[17]

Comeback (1985–90)[edit]

The band moved to Capitol Records and their first album for their new label was simply titled Heart (1985). The move to Capitol coincided with a hair metal makeover that included minimizing the acoustic and folk sounds characteristic of their early work.[37] The album reached number one, sold five million copies and launched four Top-10 hits:[6] "What About Love" (number 10, 1985), "Never" (number 4, 1985), "These Dreams" (number 1, 1986) and "Nothin' at All" (number 10, 1986).[31] A fifth single, "If Looks Could Kill" also charted, giving the band five hit singles from the same album for the first time.[31] Nancy Wilson made cameo appearances in the films Fast Times at Ridgemont High (1982) and The Wild Life (1984), both written by journalist, screenwriter and director Cameron Crowe, whom she married in June 1986.[30]

Heart's next album, Bad Animals (1987), named after reactions to the band when they entered an upmarket Memphis hotel,[38] continued the move away from the band's folk and acoustic leanings towards a glossier arena rock sound.[39] It contained the singles hits "Who Will You Run To" (1987), which reached number 7 on the Billboard Hot 100, "There's the Girl" (1987), which reached number 12, "I Want You So Bad" (1988), which reached number 47, and "Alone" (1987), which reached number one.[40] Bad Animals also became the band's first top 10 album success in the UK, peaking at number seven on the UK Album Chart.[41]

In 1990 Brigade became the band's sixth multi-platinum LP[30] and added three more Top 25 Billboard Hot 100 hits: "Stranded" and "I Didn't Want to Need You", which reached numbers 12 and 24 respectively; "All I Wanna Do Is Make Love to You" reached number two,[42] but created controversy when it was argued that its story line might endanger women by encouraging them to pick up hitch-hikers.[43] Three other album cuts, "Secret", "Wild Child", and "Tall, Dark Handsome Stranger" were Billboard Mainstream Rock Chart hits.[42] Brigade was the band's highest charting album in the UK, reaching number three.[41]

Hiatus and Lovemongers (1991–2001)[edit]

Following the 1990 tour, Heart released their first complete live album in the autumn of 1991. Rock the House Live! largely featured tracks from the Brigade album, rather than their more familiar hits.[44] The Wilson sisters then put together an informal acoustic group called The Lovemongers with Sue Ennis and Frank Cox.[45][46] Their first show was a Red Cross benefit for troops in Seattle.[47] A four-song EP, that included a live version of Led Zeppelin's "The Battle of Evermore" and an updated version of the Heart standard "Crazy On You", came out in late 1992.[46]

Heart returned in 1993 with Desire Walks On, on which bass player Andes was replaced with Fernando Saunders.[6] The album peaked at #48 on the Billboard 200 and the singles "The Woman in Me" and "Black On Black II" reached number 24 and 4 on the Adult Contemporary and Mainstream Rock charts respectively, while "Will You Be There (In the Morning)" reached 39 in the Billboard Hot 100.[48] An interactive CD-ROM, Heart: 20 Years of Rock & Roll, with five hours of audio footage, was released in 1994.[49] Their next album, The Road Home (1995), offered live acoustic versions of the group's best-known songs and was produced by Led Zeppelin's John Paul Jones.[6]

In 1995 Nancy decided to take a break from music to concentrate on raising a family. Ann toured that year with a band that was alternately called The Ann Wilson Band[50] or Ann Wilson & the Ricola Brothers.[51] This lineup included Leese, Scott Olson (guitars), Jon Bayless (bass), and Scott Adams (sax). Additionally, Lovemongers members Ben Smith (drums) and Frank Cox (guitars, keyboards, percussion) performed in this lineup.[citation needed] They were joined by Nancy for at least one show at The Joint in Paradise, Nevada on October 16, 1995, which was billed as a Heart show and later broadcast by the Westwood One Superstars in Concert series. A videotape of the show was also shown on VH1.[citation needed]

The Lovemongers released a full-length album titled Whirlygig in 1997, and a collection of mostly self-penned Christmas songs titled Here is Christmas in 1998.[46] This was re-released as a Heart album with the title Heart Presents a Lovemongers' Christmas in 2001.[52] In 1998, the band maintained its profile by being the subject of an episode of VH1's Behind the Music. The band released a Greatest Hits boxed set covering their early work (a second volume focusing on the later part of their career followed in 2000).[6] Also in 1998, Ann toured without Nancy,[53] billed as "Ann Wilson and Heart". The lineup was the same as it had been in 1995, but without Scott Adams. This was long term band member Leese's last tour with Heart; he left the band later in the year. Nancy kept busy scoring her husband's movies Jerry Maguire (1996), Almost Famous (2000), Vanilla Sky (2001) and Elizabethtown (2005).[6][54] In 1999 Nancy released a solo album, Live at McCabe's Guitar Shop.[55] Also in 1999, Nancy and Ann undertook their first tour without a backing band.[56] In 2001 Ann participated in the A Walk Down Abbey Road: A Tribute to the Beatles tour, which also featured Todd Rundgren, John Entwistle of the Who and Alan Parsons.[6] The sisters also appeared at benefits and special events, including the tribute to Brian Wilson at New York's Radio City Music Hall in March 2001.[57]

Reformation (2002–06)[edit]

In 2002, Ann and Nancy returned to the road with a brand-new Heart lineup that included Scott Olson, Ben Smith, Alice in Chains bassist Mike Inez, and keyboardist Tom Kellock.[58] In 2003, Heart released a DVD of their last stop in the tour as Alive in Seattle.[59] Also in 2003, Gilby Clarke (ex-Guns N' Roses) and Darian Sahanaja replaced Olson and Kellock for an American tour.[60] These two new men didn't stay very long and were succeeded in 2004 by Craig Bartok and Debbie Shair. (Sahanaja's schedule became very busy after he joined Brian Wilson's touring band, but he returned to play with Heart in 2007 for their "Dreamboat Annie Live" show.)[citation needed]

In 2004, with the new lineup, Heart released Jupiter's Darling, their first studio album since 1993. It featured a variety of songs that included a return to Heart's original hard rock sound, as well as a blend of vintage pop and new textures.[61] Stand-out tracks included the singles "The Perfect Goodbye", "Oldest Story in the World" (number 22 Billboard Rock Airplay, 2004) and "Lost Angel". In 2005 the Wilsons appeared on the CMT Music Awards as a special guest of country singer Gretchen Wilson (no relation) and performed the Heart classic, "Crazy on You", with Gretchen. Also in 2005 Heart appeared in the finale episode of the second season of The L Word on Showtime (broadcast on May 15, 2005), performing "Crazy on You".[citation needed]

Heart performed with Gretchen Wilson on VH-1's March 10, 2006 tribute to the band, "Decades Rock Live".[62] The special also featured Alice in Chains, Phil Anselmo, Dave Navarro, Rufus Wainwright, and Carrie Underwood.[63] Later in the year, bass player Inez left Heart to re-join the reformed Alice in Chains. Ric Markmann then became Heart's new bassist.[citation needed]

2007–09[edit]

Nancy and Ann Wilson in 2007

Heart was honored at the second annual VH1 Rock Honors (May 24, 2007), and also performed along with Ozzy Osbourne, Genesis and ZZ Top. Gretchen Wilson and Alice in Chains honored the group by performing "Barracuda". This, along with the inclusion of "Crazy on You" in Guitar Hero II, "Barracuda" in the Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock, and Guitar Hero: Smash Hits video game, renewed interest in Heart once again.[citation needed]

In September 2007, Ann Wilson released her first solo album, Hope & Glory, which, beside her sister Nancy, featured Elton John, Alison Krauss, k.d. lang, Wynonna Judd, Gretchen Wilson, Rufus Wainwright, Shawn Colvin, and Deana Carter.[64]

Heart appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show on January 25, 2008 for Ellen's birthday show, and performed "Barracuda."[citation needed] Ellen played an intro to "Barracuda" on Guitar Hero in front of the audience before announcing Heart. On April 9, 2008, the band appeared on Idol Gives Back with Stacy "Fergie" Ferguson, who sang "Barracuda" in harmony with Ann.[65] In mid-2008, Heart undertook a U.S. tour with Journey and Cheap Trick.[66] On May 31, 2008, Heart performed at the Artist for the Arts Foundation benefit at Barnum Hall, Santa Monica High School, Santa Monica, CA.[citation needed] Performing live, alongside Jackson Browne (Something Fine), Venice (Crazy on You) and over 70 members of the Santa Monica High School (SaMoHi) Orchestra and Girls Choir (Bohemian Rhapsody),[67] the benefit helped to provide funds for the continuation of Music Education in public schools. The event was filmed and recorded by Touring Video and Post by On the WAVE Productions. The video was produced by Harry Rabin of OTW and can be seen on the AFTA Foundation website.[68]

In July 2009, Heart were special guests on 15 dates of Journey's summer arena tour.[citation needed] They played at a number of venues, including Louisville's Freedom Hall, Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum, the Sovereign Center, Reno Events Center, and Taco Bell Arena.[citation needed] Heart also headlined a series of shows, with The Bangles opening for them. Heart also headlined at the Verizon Wireless American Music Festival Labor Day 2009.[citation needed] They wrote two songs ("Mine," "Civilian") with American female pop rock duo 78violet for their upcoming self-titled studio album.[69]

Return to the Top 10 (2010-11)[edit]

A new studio album, Red Velvet Car was released in 2010.[6] It marked a stylistic return to Heart's melodic hard rock and folk sound of their early albums,[70] and peaked at number 10 on the Billboard 200,[71] becoming the group's first top 10 album in 20 years.[71][72] The album also reached number three on Billboard's Rock Album Chart.[31] Red Velvet Car spawned two singles. The folky "Hey You" peaked at number 26 on Billboard's AC chart,[71] while the hard rocker "WTF" peaked at number 19 on Billboard's Top Selling Singles chart.[73] The album release was accompanied by a North American tour, which commenced in January and ran until December 2010.[74] On November 4, 2010, it was announced that Heart would do its first cross-Canada tour in thirty years, beginning on January 28, 2011 in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.[75] A live DVD and Blu-ray disc, A Night at Sky Church, recorded before the tour at the Experience Music Project in Seattle, was released in 2011.[76] Ann and Nancy Wilson played as part of the 2010 VH1 Divas Support the Troops, along with acts including Katy Perry and Paramore; they performed "Crazy on You" with Grace Potter and the Nocturnals.[77]

In May 2010 there was a reunion of former male members of the band, including Roger Fisher and Steve Fossen; they performed at the Synergia Northwest concert in Tacoma, Washington.[76]

Strange Euphoria, Fanatic, Kennedy Center Honors (2012-13)[edit]

Coming off their latest Top 10 album and cross country tour of Canada, Heart embarked on a 2011 summer tour co-headlining with Def Leppard.[72] Heart released a career spanning box-set titled Strange Euphoria in June 2012 which contains many of their biggest hits, unreleased demos, and rare live cuts. On September 18, 2012, the Wilson sisters released their autobiography, Kicking and Dreaming: A Story of Heart, Soul, and Rock and Roll, which was co-written with Charles R. Cross (Heavier Than Heaven: A Biography of Kurt Cobain).[78] On September 25, 2012, Ann & Nancy received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for their contributions to music.[79]

The band released their fourteenth studio album, Fanatic, on October 2,[80] which became the group's 12th Top 25 album (number 24, 2012) and was supported by a North American tour including both the US and Canada.[81] Prior to the release of the album, the band sent two singles to radio stations: "Walkin' Good" to AC radio, and the title track, "Fanatic", to Rock radio.[citation needed] Two other album cuts, "Dear Old America" and "A Million Miles" received moderate airplay on hard rock and classic rock radio.

On December 26, 2012 CBS televised the annual Kennedy Center Honors which recognizes artists for their lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts.[82] Ann and Nancy Wilson were asked to perform at the event in tribute to Led Zeppelin. The Wilson sisters, along with Jason Bonham (son of the late Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham) performed a version of Zeppelin's signature tune "Stairway to Heaven" complete with an orchestra and two choirs. Their rendition of "Stairway" earned a standing ovation from the crowd and tears of joy from Robert Plant. The video went viral on YouTube with over 4 million hits in the first five days after the show, and prompted the Kennedy Center to issue a limited edition iTunes single of the performance.[83][84] Although the single was only available for two weeks, it immediately went to #1 on iTunes Rock Singles chart and hit #20 on Billboards Hot Rock Songs chart.[85]

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction (2013)[edit]

At the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony on April 18, 2013, the original members of Heart (The Wilson Sisters, Howard Leese, Michael DeRosier, Steve Fossen, and Roger Fisher) reunited for the first time in 34 years to play "Crazy on You".[86][87] In addition, the modern version of Heart joined with fellow Seattlites Jerry Cantrell (Alice in Chains), Chris Cornell (Soundgarden), and Mike McCready (Pearl Jam) to play a version of the classic "Barracuda".[88]

The band was inducted by Chris Cornell.

Legacy[edit]

Heart has sold over 35 million records worldwide, had 20 Top 40 singles, seven Top Ten albums[89] and four Grammy nominations.[90] Heart achieved Top 10 albums on the Billboard charts in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and 2010s, with chart singles in each decade.[31] This span of over four decades gives them the longest span of Top 10 albums by a female fronted band.[91]

One of Heart's defining characteristics is their diversity in music styles which has been evident in their chart successes. The band has had singles on Billboard's Hot 100, Mainstream Rock Tracks, and Adult Contemporary charts.[92] Throughout their history, Heart has been labeled as Hard Rock, Folk, Easy Listening, Heavy Metal, and Adult Contemporary, many times demonstrating two or more of these styles on the same album. Their album title Dog And Butterfly was a symbol of their sometimes contradictory styles, with the "Dog" side of the album focusing on hard rock tunes and the "Butterfly" side made up of acoustic folk music[93][unreliable source?] Their epic "Mistral Wind" from this album captured both styles in one song, starting as a mellow acoustic ballad and building to a metal crescendo.

Heart was ranked number 57 on VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock",[94] and Ann and Nancy Wilson ranked number 40 on VH1's "100 Greatest women in rock and roll".[56] Also, Ann Wilson was ranked in Hit Parader's "Greatest Heavy Metal Vocalists of All Time" at number 78.[95] In 2009 the Wilson sisters were awarded ASCAP's Founders Award in recognition of their songwriting career.[96] In 2011, Heart earned their first nomination for induction to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for the 2012 class, but were ultimately not picked.[97] After a second nomination, the band were announced as inductees to the 2013 class on December 11, 2012.[98] Their Hall of Fame page described the Wilson sisters as the first women to front a hard rock band, and "pioneers ... that inspired women to pick up an electric guitar or start a band".[89] Jake Brown described the band as beginning "a revolution for women in music ... breaking genre barriers and garnering critical acclaim".[99]

In addition to their own recording careers, the Wilson sisters have played a role on the Seattle music scene. Among the artists that have used their Bad Animals Studio are Neil Young, R.E.M., Pearl Jam, Soundgarden and Alice in Chains.[100]

Personnel[edit]

Members[edit]

Current members
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp (1972–present)
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, rhythm guitar, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica (1974–1995, 2002–present)
  • Ben Smith – drums (1995–present)
  • Craig Bartock – lead guitar (2004–present)
  • Debbie Shair – keyboards, synthesizers (2004–present)
  • Dan Rothchild – bass guitar (2012–present)
Former members[note 2]

Lineups[edit]

1963, 1967–1969 1969–1971 1971–1972 1972–1974
(The Army)
  • Roger Fisher – lead guitars, backing vocals
  • Steve Fossen – bass guitar, percussion
  • Don Wilhelm – guitars, keyboards, lead vocals
  • Ray Schaefer – drums
(White Heart / Heart / White Heart)
  • Roger Fisher – lead guitars, backing vocals
  • Steve Fossen – bass guitar, percussion
  • Gary Ziegelman – lead vocals
  • James Cirrello – guitars
  • Ron Rudge – drums
  • Ken Hansen – percussion
  • Debi Cuidon – vocals
(White Heart)
  • Roger Fisher – lead guitars, backing vocals
  • Steve Fossen – bass guitar, percussion
  • David Belzer – Hammond B-3, Fender Rhodes electric piano
  • Jeff Johnson – drums
(White Heart / Hocus Pocus)
  • Roger Fisher – lead guitars, backing vocals
  • Steve Fossen – bass guitar, percussion
  • David Belzer – Hammond B-3, Fender Rhodes electric piano
  • Jeff Johnson – drums
  • Mike Fisher – guitars
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
1974–1975 1975–1979 1979–1982 1982–1993
"Heart"
  • Roger Fisher – lead guitars, backing vocals
  • Steve Fossen – bass guitar, percussion
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Howard Leese – keyboards
  • Brian Johnstone – drums
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Roger Fisher – lead guitars, backing vocals
  • Steve Fossen – bass guitar, percussion
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Michael DeRosier – drums, percussion
  • Howard Leese – guitars, bass, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, orchestra arrangements, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
  • Steve Fossen – bass guitar, percussion
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Michael DeRosier – drums, percussion
  • Howard Leese – guitars, bass, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, orchestra arrangements, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Howard Leese – guitars, bass, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, orchestra arrangements, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
  • Mark Andes – bass guitar, backing vocals
  • Denny Carmassi – drums, percussion
1993 1993–1995 1995 1995–1998
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Howard Leese – guitars, bass, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, orchestra arrangements, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
  • Denny Carmassi – drums, percussion
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Howard Leese – guitars, bass, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, orchestra arrangements, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
  • Denny Fongheiser – drums, percussion
  • Fernando Saunders – bass guitar
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Howard Leese – guitars, bass, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, orchestra arrangements, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
  • Scott Adams – saxophone
  • Jon Bayless – bass guitar
  • Frank Cox – guitars, keyboards, backing vocals
  • Scott Olson – guitars
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Howard Leese – guitars, bass, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, orchestra arrangements, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
  • Jon Bayless – bass guitar
  • Frank Cox – guitars, keyboards, backing vocals
  • Scott Olson – guitars
  • Ben Smith – drums
1998–2002 2002–2003 2003–2004 2004–2006

Hiatus

  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Scott Olson – guitars
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Mike Inez – bass guitar
  • Tom Kellock – keyboards, synthesizers
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Mike Inez – bass guitar
  • Gilby Clarke – guitars
  • Darian Sahanaja – keyboards, synthesizers
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Mike Inez – bass guitar
  • Craig Bartock – guitars
  • Debbie Shair – keyboards, synthesizers
2006–2007 2007 2007–2009 2009–2012
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Craig Bartock – guitars
  • Debbie Shair – keyboards, synthesizers
  • Ric Markmann – bass guitar
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Craig Bartock – guitars
  • Debbie Shair – keyboards, synthesizers
  • Ric Markmann – bass guitar
  • Darian Sahanaja – keyboards, synthesizers
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Craig Bartock – guitars
  • Debbie Shair – keyboards, synthesizers
  • Ric Markmann – bass guitar
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Craig Bartock – guitars
  • Debbie Shair – keyboards, synthesizers
  • Kristian Attard – bass guitar
2012–present
  • Ann Wilson – vocals, flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin, autoharp
  • Nancy Wilson – vocals, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
  • Ben Smith – drums
  • Craig Bartock – guitars
  • Debbie Shair – keyboards, synthesizers
  • Dan Rothchild – bass guitar

Timeline[edit]

Discography[edit]

Main article: Heart discography

References and notes[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In an entry dated March 22, 2008, on Roger Fisher's self-published "Questions & Replies" page, in response to the question: "I've often wondered how Ann & Nancy wound up with the name Heart when it was your band in the first place?", Roger replied: "The answer is detailed in my book. In a nutshell, when brother Mike [Fisher] was happily with Ann, and Nance and I were happily together, the Heart Partnership was formed. Mike and I, in our wisdom, insisted the girls be given 51% of the rights in the partnership."
  2. ^ Members who left the band before 1973 were part of the band prior to the name "Heart" being adopted.
  3. ^ Darian Sahanaja rejoined the group in 2007 for the "Dreamboat Annie: live" concert.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "If You Like Heart's Hard Rock...". NY Times. 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  2. ^ Kohn, David (2003-07-15). "Taking Heart in New Surgery". CBS News. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  3. ^ "RIAA - Gold & Platinum - February 9, 2010: Heart certified albums". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  4. ^ Valby, Karen. "Public Enemy, Rush, Heart, Donna Summer to be inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame | The Music Mix | EW.com". Music-mix.ew.com. Retrieved December 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame Inducts Rush With Heart, King, Newman, Public Enemy, Summer". YouTube. 2013-04-19. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Ankeny, Jason, Heart: biography, Allmusic, archived from the original on July 28, 2012 
  7. ^ a b c d Fossen, Steve[not specific enough to verify]
  8. ^ Saulnier, Jason (15 March 2012). "Roger Fisher Interview". Music Legends. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  9. ^ Sam Carlson (March 13, 2011). "Heart, 50's, 60's & 70's Rock Bands of the Pacific Northwest". Pnwbands.com. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c Refer to discussion on talk page.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Heart biography, Bio., archived from the original on August 6, 2012 
  12. ^ a b Kelly, Maura "Interview with Nancy Wilson", The Believer, August 2007. Retrieved October 1, 2008.
  13. ^ Ann Wilson biography, Bio., archived from the original on August 9, 2012 
  14. ^ Bebe Le Strange Epic Records Press Kit. 1980. Steve Fossen was a founding member of Heart in 1972 and 1973 after completing his music major in college.
  15. ^ Whitaker, Sterling C. (2003), Unsung Heroes of Rock Guitar, Booksurge, ISBN 1591097584 
  16. ^ Brown, Jake (2008), Heart: In the Studio, ECW Press, p. 33, ISBN 1550228315 
  17. ^ a b c d Brown, Jake (2008), Heart: In the Studio, ECW Press, ISBN 1550228315 
  18. ^ Can-Base, labels thriving, says Seigel, promo rep, Billboard 86 (20), May 8, 1974: 54, ISSN 0006-2510 
  19. ^ Heart: Dreamboat Annie: credits, Allmusic, archived from the original on July 30, 2012 
  20. ^ Heart: Dreamboat Annie: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on July 30, 2012 
  21. ^ a b Cross, Charles M. (sic) (June 2012), Sex, lies and audiotape, Classic Rock: 47 
  22. ^ Heart: Magazine: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on July 28, 2012 
  23. ^ Heart: Magazine: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on July 28, 2012 
  24. ^ Heart: Little Queen: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on July 28, 2012 
  25. ^ Ann & Nancy Wilson[dead link] on the cover of Rolling Stone issue No. 244, July 28, 1977.
  26. ^ TexxasJam78.com
  27. ^ DeGagne, Mike, Heart: Dog & Butterfly: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 16, 2012 
  28. ^ Jurek, Thom, Heart: Bebe le Strange: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 16, 2012 
  29. ^ Heart: Bebe le Strange: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 16, 2012 
  30. ^ a b c George-Warren, Holly, Romanowski, Patricia, Romanowski Bashe, Patricia and Pareles, Jon (2001), The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (3 ed.), Fireside, ISBN 0743201205, archived from the original on August 17, 2012 
  31. ^ a b c d e f Heart: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on July 28, 2012 
  32. ^ Heart: Greatest Hits Live: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 16, 2012 
  33. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, Heart: Greatest Hits Live: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 16, 2012 
  34. ^ Brown, Jake (2008), Heart: In the Studio, ECW Press, pp. 130–1, ISBN 1550228315 
  35. ^ Smith, Jim, Heart: Private Audition: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 16, 2012 
  36. ^ Brown, Jake (2008), Heart: In the Studio, ECW Press, pp. 136–7, ISBN 1550228315 
  37. ^ "If Looks Could Kill; the ressurrection of Heart". 
  38. ^ Dickerson, James L., You can't take sex out of Rock 'n' Roll, Nine-O-One Network Magazine: 28 
  39. ^ Henderson, Alex, Heart: Bad Animals: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 17, 2012 
  40. ^ Heart: Bad Animals: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 17, 2012 
  41. ^ a b Chart History of Heart, UK Chart Stats, archived from the original on August 20, 2012 
  42. ^ a b Heart: Brigade: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 17, 2012 
  43. ^ Henderson, Alex, Heart: Brigade: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 17, 2012 
  44. ^ Ruhlmann, William, Heart: review: Rock the House Live, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 5, 2012 
  45. ^ Pollack, Kevin, Interview with Ann Wilson of Heart, Rock Chicago Magazine, archived from the original on July 30, 2012 
  46. ^ a b c Prato, Greg, Lovemongers: biography, Allmusic, archived from the original on July 30, 2012 
  47. ^ Brown, Jake (2008), Heart: In the Studio, ECW Press, p. 207, ISBN 1550228315 
  48. ^ Desire Walks On: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 14, 2012 
  49. ^ CD-ROM retrospective explores the rock'n'roll of Heart, Billboard 106 (17): 76, ISSN 0006-2510 
  50. ^ Brown, Jake (2008), Heart: In the Studio, ECW Press, p. 214, ISBN 1550228315 
  51. ^ Brown, Jake (June 13, 1999), Heart's Howard Leese, MTV, archived from the original on September 9, 2012 
  52. ^ Griffith, J. T., Review: Heart Presents a Lovemonger's Christmas, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 4, 20e12  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  53. ^ Newman, Milinda (June 27, 1998), The Beat, Billboard 110 (26): 16, ISSN 0006-2510 
  54. ^ Craddock, Jim (2006), VideoHound's Golden Movie Retriever, Allmusic (Gale Group), ISBN 0787689807 
  55. ^ Ankeny, Jason, Nancy Wilson: biography, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 4, 2012 
  56. ^ a b Women's role in rock history is celebrated by VH1, Billboard 111 (22), May 29, 1999: 94, ISSN 0006-2510 
  57. ^ Heart Unite for New CD, Rolling Stone, October 17, 2001, archived from the original on September 9, 2012 
  58. ^ Former Alice in Chains bassist to tour with Heart during the summer, Blabbermouth.net, April 2, 2002, archived from the original on August 17, 2012 
  59. ^ Doerschuk, Robert L., Heart: Live in Seattle, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 16, 2012 
  60. ^ Waddell, Ray (May 31, 2003), Venue reviews, Billboard 115 (36): 54, ISSN 0006-2510 
  61. ^ Jurek, Thom, Heart: Jupiter's Darling: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on September 9, 2012 
  62. ^ [1][dead link]
  63. ^ [2][dead link]
  64. ^ Tamarkin, Jeff, Ann Wilson: Hope & Glory: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 15, 2012 
  65. ^ Idol Gives Back, Americanidol.com[dead link]
  66. ^ What a Journey, Billboard 120 (25), June 21, 2008: 56, ISSN 0006-2510 
  67. ^ Past Events, May 31, 2008, Picture Gallery, aftafoundation.org
  68. ^ Artist for the Arts Foundation, aftafoundation.org
  69. ^ Sophia, Gino (November 15, 2009). "Info on the new album". 78violet Reaction. Retrieved January 16, 2010. [dead link]
  70. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, Heart: Red Velvet Car: overview, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 15, 2012 
  71. ^ a b c Heart: Red Velvet Car: awards, Allmusic, archived from the original on August 15, 2012 
  72. ^ a b Stewart, Allison (July 21, 2011), Heart is back, even if it never left, Chicago Tribune, archived from the original on August 16, 2012 
  73. ^ "Top Singles Sales 2010-08-14". Billboard Magazine. [dead link]
  74. ^ Tour[dead link] www.heart-music.com
  75. ^ "Heart to tour Canada in 2011". CBC.ca. November 4, 2010. [dead link]
  76. ^ a b Graff, Gary (July 15, 2010), Heart Kicks Off 'Red Velvet Car' Album with Lilith Fair Gigs, Billboard.com 
  77. ^ VH1's Divas Have Deployed!, PRS Newswire, 2009, archived from the original on August 8, 2012 
  78. ^ "Juicy Tales From Heart's Ann and Nancy Wilson". Rolling Stone Magazine. 
  79. ^ "Ann & Nancy Wilson Heart Honored with Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame". walkoffame.com. Retrieved October 1, 2012. 
  80. ^ "Heart New Album Fanatic due in October". 
  81. ^ "Heart 2012 Tour Schedule". Heart-music.com. 
  82. ^ "Kennedy Center Honors Website". 
  83. ^ "HEART, ‘STAIRWAY TO HEAVEN’ – SONG REVIEW". Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  84. ^ "Bittersweet 'Stairway to Heaven' cover moves Robert Plant's Heart". [dead link]
  85. ^ Stevenson, Jane. "Heart pumping after Led Zeppelin tribute". lfpress.com. 
  86. ^ "ORIGINAL HEART GUITARIST ROGER FISHER WRITES ABOUT REUNITING FOR ROCK AND ROLL HALL OF FAME". Ultimateclassicrock.com. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  87. ^ "Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame Inducts Rush With Heart, King, Newman, Public Enemy, Summer". YouTube. 2013-04-19. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  88. ^ "2013 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  89. ^ a b Heart: nominee for 2012 induction, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, archived from the original on September 2, 2012 
  90. ^ Brown, Jake (2008), Heart: In the Studio, ECW Press, p. 255, ISBN 1550228315 
  91. ^ "Top 10 albums on the Billboard charts". www.955klos.com. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  92. ^ "Heart Chart History". Music Charts Archive. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  93. ^ "History 101: Dog and Butterfly (1978)". Made of Chalk. 2013-06-21. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  94. ^ VH1 Counts Down the '100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock' In Five-Hour, Five-Night Special, Premiering November 13–17 at 10:00 pm (ET/PT), prnewswire.com, 2008, archived from the original on September 2, 2012 
  95. ^ Hit Paraders Top 100 Heavy Metal Vocalists of All Time
  96. ^ Gallo, Phil (February 26, 2009), ASCAP kudo shows Heart, Variety, archived from the original on August 20, 2012 
  97. ^ Oldenburg, Ann (September 27, 2011), Rock Hall of Fame 2012 nominees announced, USA Today, archived from the original on August 17, 2012 
  98. ^ "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Announces 2013 Inductees". Rockhall.com (Rock and Roll Hall of Fame). December 11, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012. 
  99. ^ Brown, Jake (2008), Heart: In the Studio, ECW Press, p. 260, ISBN 1550228315 
  100. ^ Phalen, Tom (November 25, 1995), Seattle's history as studio Mecca predates grunge, Billboard 107 (47): 69, ISSN 0006-2510 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jake Brown, Heart: In the Studio, Ecw Press (June 1, 2008), ISBN 1-55022-831-5 (There are many errors in this book including wrong dates and wrong song titles.)
  • Dickerson, James L. (2005) Go, Girl, Go! The Women's Revolution in Music, Schirmer Trade Books. ISBN 0-8256-7316-X.

External links[edit]