New Heathman Hotel
Portland Historic Landmark
|Location||712 SW Salmon Street
|Architect||DeYoung & Roald|
|Architectural style||Jacobean Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||84003087|
|Added to NRHP||February 16, 1984|
The Heathman Hotel, in Portland, Oregon, United States, was originally built as the New Heathman Hotel and opened in 1927. It is among the last remaining historical Portland hotels such as the Benson Hotel (opened 1912), Commodore Hotel (built 1925), Imperial Hotel (built 1894), and Governor Hotel (built in 1909 as the Seward Hotel and now the Sentinel Hotel). The Heathman Hotel is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, as the New Heathman Hotel.
Construction, heyday, and decline
The original Heathman Hotel, one block away from the current structure, was built at the intersection of Park and Salmon streets in 1926 by George Heathman, at a cost of $1 million. Wealthy lumber barons and railroad magnates, politicians, and upper-class investors of the day wanted a hotel that would fit their social station and demand for comfort and excellence. It stood 11 stories tall and offered 300 rooms.
Because of the success of the first hotel, Heathman immediately started work on a sister hotel a block away. The New Heathman Hotel was completed in 1927. It was a 10-story concrete structure faced with brick. The decorative details were designed in the Jacobean Revival style by the Portland architectural firm of DeYoung and Roald. The second story and upper-floor windows were trimmed in stone, and the lobby's dark-hued paneling extended to the mezzanine, where light flooded through tall, arched windows. Acanthus leaves decorated the mezzanine's plaster columns and ceiling trim. The hotel's entrance was on the Salmon Street side (where it remained until 1984).
The building of the New Heathman was Portland's largest construction project to that date, employing 1,200 workers, all of whom were invited to celebrate at the pre-opening party. A formal opening occurred on December 17, 1927, marking the end of seven months of work.
When the New Heathman was ready, Governor I. L. Patterson and Mayor George Luis Baker made dedication speeches. Radio station KOIN featured live band and orchestral pieces. Portland city commissioners joined with the business community to pay tribute. The Oregon Journal described the Heathman as "Portland's newest and most modern hotel" and wrote, "Its planning, construction and general appointments are as modern as human ingenuity and talent could possibly make it", and that it was located on "Broadway … ablaze with theatre marquees, restaurants and shops."
In 1927, Broadway was called Portland's "Great White Way," and was the focal point of downtown's entertainment center. Large, boldly colored marquee lights surrounded the hotel. On the eve of construction, Heathman announced plans to put in a ground floor coffee shop that was designed to be the largest coffee shop in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
KOIN moved from the old Heathman to the new Heathman on December 17, 1927. On September 22, 1932, KOIN acquired a sister station, KALE. KALE moved into the KOIN studio complex in 1933. With an additional station, more studio space was needed. Between 1933 and 1939, the mezzanine of the New Heathman was modified several times to accommodate the stations. The biggest change was the addition of the north/south wall and several dividing partitions to create offices along the east side of the building. Studio A and Studio B at the south end were also altered. By 1940 the major structural changes were finished. The studios were then described as "the finest broadcast facility in the country." In 1944, KALE moved out of the New Heathman when KOIN was sold. When KOIN joined the television era in 1953, it required development of larger quarters still and finally left its radio studios at the New Heathman in 1955 to join its TV sister station.
The New Heathman's coffee shop eventually closed as business diminished. The space was temporarily used as a political campaign headquarters, then sat empty until the hotel's renovation in 1983. The area that is now the hotel's entrance once housed a drug store and gift shop. The drug store gained fame as Portland's first 24-hour pharmacy.
George Heathman died at age 49, less than three years after the New Heathman was completed. His wife, Katherine, and two of their four children remained active in the hotel industry and retained an interest in operations of the New Heathman until the early 1960s. Harry, George's son, managed the hotel until shortly before his death in 1962.
In the 1950s, much of the business and entertainment in Portland's downtown left for the suburbs. By the late 1960s, Broadway had lost most of these businesses. In the next decade, new city leaders recognized the changes and sought to convince major retail stores to keep their operations in the heart of downtown, and to even build new locations.
As the city redeveloped the downtown area, it attempted to reintroduce music and theater on Broadway. A performing arts center was developed in the old Paramount Theatre (now called The Arlene Schnitzer Concert Hall) located next door to the New Heathman. The site's development and architectural design plans were drawn with the help of the city, private investors, concerned citizens, and artists.
The Portland Center for Performing Arts Area Development Plan noted in 1982 that the location and development of the New Heathman made its condition crucial to the success of the adjacent Paramount Concert Hall. The Heathman Hotel was placed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in February 1984, under its old name, the New Heathman Hotel. At the time the building was nominated for the NRHP, it was noted that "interior fixtures, facilities and furnishings are presently ill maintained, inadequate and outdated." The nomination also said that in 1983, "much of the interior spaces in the New Heathman Hotel are unoccupied."
Remodel and the hotel today
The New Heathman's importance to the neighborhood appealed to developers, so by autumn of 1984 a two-year and $16 million renovation of the building was completed, with the "New" prefix removed from the name, as the original hotel had long since been renamed. The Heathman's public spaces were remodeled in new natural materials like marble and teak brought in by Portland architect Carter Case and interior designer Andrew Delfino. Then-owner Mark Stevenson had the original exterior and eucalyptus-paneled Tea Court restored. Above the Tea Court, a 100-year-old crystal chandelier that was once used in the U.S. Embassy in Czechoslovakia was 18th-century paintings by French landscape artist Claude Lorrain were installed. The newly redone guest rooms were furnished in 18th–20th-century styles of Biedermeier, Ming, Empire, and Regency. As part of this remodeling, the hotel's main entrance was relocated from the Salmon Street side to Broadway, in support of new city design guidelines calling for major building entrances to be located on major streets.
Local restaurant chain McCormick & Schmick's took over management of the Heathman's restaurant; Rim announced it would adopt the "Heathman" name for its line of upscale, boutique hotels. The purchase price was reported as being "in the neighborhood" of $25 million.
The Heathman's motto is "Where Service is Still an Art". The hotel is known for having doormen dressed in English Beefeater costumes. The entrance also features a bronze sculpture of Zelda, an English bulldog from Portland, who is also dressed in a Beefeater costume. The sculpture, which includes a dog bowl filled with fresh water, was donated by Banfield Pet Hospital in 2010, and depicts the star of the "Zelda Wisdom" line of greeting cards.
Travel + Leisure placed the Heathman on its 500 Best Hotels in the World list in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, and 2015. In 2011, Food & Wine listed the Heathman as one of the 21 most haunted restaurants and hotels in America.
- Support of the arts
The Heathman acquired several original artworks at the time of the 1980s remodel and launched a campaign of support for the visual arts. The hotel's collection has included 250 original paintings, photographs, and works on paper, with a focus on American artists, and particularly artists local to the Northwestern United States. Prints from Andy Warhol's Endangered Species lithograph series are found on most floors, and one room specifically pays tribute to Warhol in its interior design.
Visual art exhibits that change seasonally can be viewed on the mezzanine. These exhibits are curated by Portland's Elizabeth Leach Gallery. The Heathman also has a library on the mezzanine level containing a large collection of books signed by authors who have been guests at the hotel.
The Heathman Restaurant & Bar is run by Houston, Texas-based Landry's, Inc. It is known for French-influenced Pacific Northwest cuisine, and is considered one of Portland's top restaurants, earning four stars from the Forbes Travel Guide in 2014. In 2003, while the restaurant was under McCormick & Schmick's management, Anthony Bourdain reported in The New York Times on a special all-offal menu at the Heathman created in his honor.
- "National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form: New Heathman Hotel" (PDF). National Park Service. January 19, 1984. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- Portland Historic Landmarks Commission (July 2010), Historic Landmarks -- Portland, Oregon (XLS), retrieved February 5, 2015
- "The Heathman Hotel, a Historic Hotels of America member". Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- "Oregon National Register List" (PDF). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. June 6, 2011. p. 37. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- Harden, Kevin (June 10, 2014). "'Old' Heathman Has Date With History". Portland Tribune. p. A1. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- Rosemond, Robin (March 18, 1984). "New Look for an Old Landmark". The Sunday Oregonian. Northwest Magazine section, p. 21.
- "Heathman Hotel History" (PDF). Heathman Hotel. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- Katauskas, Ted (2009). Portland: Yesterday & Today. Lincolnwood, Illinois: West Side Publishing/Publications International, Ltd. pp. 46–47. ISBN 978-1-4127-7793-3.
- McMillan, Dan (September 24, 2000). "New owners say Heathman won't change". The Portland Business Journal.
- Lane, Wendy (October 4, 2000). "The Stevenson family, Owners of the Portland's Heathman Hotel, Sell Hotel and Name to the Rim Corporation". Hotel Online.
- Njus, Elliot (September 12, 2014). "Heathman Hotel in Downtown Portland is For Sale". The Oregonian. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
- "Heathman Hotel, Kirkland". Condé Nast Traveler. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
- Francis, Mike (December 19, 2014). "LaSalle says it paid $64.3 million for Portland's Heathman Hotel". The Oregonian. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- "Restaurant Guide 2007: The Heathman Restaurant and Bar". Willamette Week. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- "Heathman Hotel, Portland". Condé Nast Traveler. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- "Heathman Solidifies Position as Portland's 'Pet Friendliest' Hotel" (PRESS RELEASE). Marketwired. May 27, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- "News & Awards". Heathman Hotel. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
- Russell, Michael (October 25, 2011). "Heathman Hotel on list of 21 most haunted U.S. restaurants and hotels". The Oregonian.
- "America's Haunted Restaurants and Hotels". Food & Wine. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- Dresbeck, Rachel (2007). Insider's Guide to Portland, Oregon (5 ed.). Globe Pequot Press. p. 44. ISBN 0-7627-4189-9.
- Culverwell, Wendy (August 4, 2014). "Heathman Restaurant's operator threatens to move it to a new spot". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- Samson, Karl (2012). Frommer's Oregon. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-118-09624-6.
- "The Heathman Restaurant and Bar". Forbes. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- Bourdain, Anthony (June 11, 2003). "Eating the Best Of the Rest". The New York Times. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Heathman Hotel.|
- Heathman Hotel from the University of Oregon digital archives
- Image of the Heathman Hotel Coffee Shop in 1940 from the Oregon Historical Society Research Library
- Guide to the DeYoung and Roald Architectural Plans and Photographs University of Oregon