|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
The entrance to Heaven
|Location||Charing Cross, London|
Heaven is a superclub in London, United Kingdom which appeals predominantly (but not exclusively) to the gay market. It is located underneath Charing Cross railway station in Central London, just off Trafalgar Square.
- 1 History and background
- 2 Heaven Today
- 3 Venue
- 4 Ownership
- 5 References
- 6 External links
History and background
Heaven was opened in December 1979 by Jeremy Norman in a former, run-down roller-disco called Global Village, which was housed in the arches beneath Charing Cross railway station, once part of Adelphi Arches, a large wine-cellar for the hotel above. Norman was also the Chairman of [Burke's Peerage Ltd], the Publishers. The original hi-tech interior was designed by his partner, Derek Frost. Norman had started an earlier club, The Embassy, in Old Bond Street in 1978. Norman, an entrepreneur, took his knowledge and used it to create an entirely new form of gay club on a larger scale. The Embassy had taken London by storm and is generally seen as the London equivalent of New York's Studio 54. Heaven quickly established itself as the centre of the (then understated) gay London nightlife. Until Heaven, most gay clubs were small hidden cellar-bars or pub discos. Heaven brought gay clubbing into the mainstream and finally got a club to rival New Yorks gay super club at the time The Saint.
As one of the first gay clubs in London, and one of the first openly-so in the world, Heaven courted controversy, frequently appearing in the tabloid press, especially in the famous News of the World headlines about alleged ecstasy use in the nightclub in 1989.
As of the mid 90s Wednesdays hosted a night called Fruit Machine, hosted by Miss Kimberly and her drag queens. Fridays were 'Garage' (music not to be confused with US Garage which came later) with DJs Blu Peter and Mrs Wood taking the decks. Saturday nights - known as 'Heaven is Saturday - Saturday is Heaven' - hosted a wide variety of parties, the theme changing weekly, e.g. a Beach Party, when the venue was flooded with sand and a beach volleyball net erected over the dance floor. Other nights in the summer involved the use of Heaven's "swimming pool" which was revealed from under the stage. Heaven always put on its biggest show at New Year's Eve with big name acts and the resulting queues around the block - some times into the Strand - waiting to see the next stage performance and enjoy the laser show.
The club was refurbished in 1998 and re-opened as a mainstream nightclub to challenge other larger nightclubs in Central London which had since appeared with the growing popularity of house music. Clubs like Trade and The Fridge had constantly challenged Heaven's long standing reputation as the only major gay nightclub in London.
The Heaven Sound
The original Heaven sound of the 1980s could be attributed primarily to the producer Giorgio Moroder and later to original resident DJ Ian Levine. It can be described as having disco origins and influenced by the emergent house music style. Examples of this style of music include Yvonne Elliman's "Love Pains", Company B's "Fascinated", Eria Fachin's "Savin' Myself", Donna Summer's "I Feel Love", Abba's "The Visitors", The Pet Shop Boys "It's A Sin" or "Always On My Mind", Divine's "Native Love", The Flirts' "Calling All Boys" and "Passion", Tantra's "Hills of Katmandu", Rose Laurens' "American Love", Patrick Cowley's "Menergy", Boys Town Gang's "Can't Take My Eyes Off You", Viola Wills' "Stormy Weather", Carol Jiani's "Hit N' Run Lover", Taffy's "I Love My Radio", Sharon Redd's "In the Name of Love", Gazebo's "Masterpiece", Bobby O's "She Has A Way", Lime's "Your Love" and "Angel Eyes", Sylvester's "Take Me To Heaven" and "Do Ya Wanna Funk", Trans-X's "Living on Video", and Evelyn Thomas' "High Energy".
Famous performances include Madonna in 1983 (before she was famous), Pet Shop Boys, Kylie Minogue, Robyn, The Rasmus, Cheryl Cole, Vanessa Amorosi, Macy Gray, Divine, Jessie J, Sylvester, Eurythmics, Billie Ray Martin, Baby D[disambiguation needed], Grace Jones, Amanda Lear, Eartha Kitt, Cyndi Lauper, Lily Allen, Army Of Lovers, Culture Beat, Sandra Bernhard, Loleatta Holloway, Martha Wash, Hazell Dean, Black Lace (where the audience threw bottles to show their disdain), Sophie Ellis-Bextor, Aqua, a-ha, The Saturdays, Leona Lewis,Hilary Duff, One Direction, Miley Cyrus, Adam Lambert, Adele, Ellie Goulding, Lady Gaga, Von Sudenfed featuring Mark E Smith of The Fall and most notably Cher who launched her single Believe there in 1998 to a packed crowd. Cher was introduced onto stage by close friend Ben Kingsley. The singer was so scared by the amassed crowds, that once on stage she mimed to only two songs instead of the intended five.
Heaven's original resident DJ Ian Levine has often been credited with being one of the first DJ's in the UK of the now customary style of "beatmixing" (when previously two records had normally only been segued together by fading one in and the other out, regardless of tempo).
Through the direction of Heaven's original manager David Inches, Heaven always tried to find and employ DJs who could become exclusive to Heaven, who played well, and who most often produced new sounds and mixing styles. These DJs then went on to find greater acclaim in the mainstream or gay music industry. Original Heaven DJs have included: Ian Levine, Colin Holsgrove, Marc Andrews, Marc Monroe, George Mitchell, Ian D, Jon Dennis, Rich B & Wayne G.
The club was host to the seminal Troll at the Soundshaft in Heaven between 1988 and 1990, which started the career of DJ's such as Daz Saund. Whilst Saturday At Heaven was the club's highest profile night during the 90's and 00's, Heaven also hosted Garage on Fridays and one of London's longest running mid-week club nights, The Fruit Machine, which ran every Wednesday between 1992 and 2008, and launched the careers of DJ Rich B, and hostess and performer Miss Kimberly.
One of Heaven's most famous DJ's Marc Andrews left his main Saturday night residency to join rival club The Fridge based in Brixton, followed also by Marc Monroe. Their Saturday night presentation "Love Muscle" created significant competition and created a change in the balance of the pink pound market.
In 1998 as part of the relaunch of the venue, it was decided to try broadening the appeal of the venue by including an indie night as part of its new Monday night, Popcorn, called Room Two. At this time Popstarz was riding high and a number of other gay indie nights had followed in its wake, proving that it could be financially viable. However, only Popstarz had done it on such a scale and it was on a Friday - it was unproven whether it could work on a weeknight. Although it took over six months the whole night, as well as the indie floor, became immensely successful. Although the indie floor is no longer the night is still running and helped launch the careers of a number of DJ including Gordon John and Mikey Four.
At the beginning of the 2000s, Heaven adopted a more mainstream tribal house and disco based sound employing DJs originally resident at other major gay London nightclubs such as Gonzalo (a DJ originally resident at Trade, Salvation and Action).
Towards the middle 2000's the music policy of Heaven's main dance-floor became more underground. During that time and until October 2008 Heaven's Saturday night exclusive resident DJs Pagano and Nick Tcherniak played a variety of styles including Progressive House, Techouse, Deep House and Electro, thus ending Heaven's original Saturday night sound.
In October 2008 MAMA Group bought Heaven and moved into the venue its Friday and Saturday night events previously hosted at The Astoria. The club plays mainly Pop music and Commercial Dance under the G-A-Y brand.
After the 1998 refurbishment
Heaven was highly profitable in the early part of the millennium, even though gay culture in itself had become progressively mainstream and less underground. Heaven's reputation ensured it was chosen by national promoters such as Gatecrasher and Bedrock (run by DJ John Digweed) who eventually took up a permanent residence on a Thursday night until 2005.
After the 1998 refurbishment, Heaven enjoyed a real buoyancy in terms of custom, and was very popular. The dotcom revolution and the economic upturn of 1999–2000 meant that customers had a lot of disposable income.
The September 11 attacks in 2001 sent a shock through the worldwide economy, especially affecting airlines. The Virgin Group, who at the time owned both Virgin Atlantic and Heaven, wanted to consolidate their business portfolio and concentrate on Virgin branded products. Although Heaven was part of Virgin Hotels group, it did not carry the Virgin logo, and had no open association with Virgin.
Inevitably Heaven now faces increased competition from many other clubs which enjoy more liberal licensing regulations south of the river, in Vauxhall, for example Fire. On the latter point, however, Heaven now has a 06:00 drinks licence, the only venue in Westminster to have one.
Another source of competition has been other places for gay men to meet: saunas/Gay bathhouses, and websites such as Gaydar. Other niche venues specialising in areas of gay sub-culture have also sprung up including fetish, BDSM, sportswear and uniform clubs.
Heaven brand worldwide
Heaven remains one of the best known gay nightclubs in London and one of the largest in terms of floor space in Central London. It hosts several large events, corporate events and has been used as a setting for music videos.
Monday is perhaps the busiest night in Heaven's week. The club plays host to a party called Popcorn! A largely student night which plays pop and funky house music.
Although advertised as a gay event, the production style of the events have toned-down the gay ethos. The club occasionally features drag queens, however, nowhere near as many as previous years. This has led to Popcorn attracting criticism from the gay community and accusations of Heaven "selling out" and losing its core values as a gay venue.
Thursday plays host to "Porn Idol" a strip competition for men and women previously held at the Astoria, with £100 offered to the winner each week. The competition comprises several rounds, with £1,000 going to the season winner. It is preceded and followed by three rooms of pop, and also plays host to a night for gay women called "Gaygirlz."
Media coverage of Porn Idol resulted in Jeremy Joseph being banned from 10 Downing Street  by David Cameron's staff, having previously been invited to an event for leading figures in the gay community.
Fridays used to be private hire nights where events like Gatecrasher and Euphoria would make guest appearances. Since being taken over by the G-A-Y brand, Heaven hosts "Camp Attack", which was the event held at the former home of G-A-Y, the Astoria theatre. 
Heaven is located in several railway arches under the concourse of Charing Cross station. The main access to the venue is through an entrance in The Arches Shopping off Villiers Street, down a short stairway. In 1998 the club closed for several months for a refurbishment, which included the purchase of an additional arch and subsequent expansion.
The club is split into several areas, each with a separate sound system / DJ.
The main floor is the largest space in the venue and occupies a full height arch, with the stage used for performances and a large dance floor. There are two bars in this area, as well as the main cloakrooms.
The Star Bar is above the large bar of the main floor and as such is half the height of the main floor. There are two bars in this room.
This small room is directly above the rear bar of the main floor.
This room is next to the main floor, accessed from the back of the smaller bar. It is mainly used as a chill out space. This space was opened after the 1998 refurbishment.
The Soundshaft is a smaller room adjacent to the stage on the main floor. Access is via a door on the main stage, or through the Games Room. This room has been open since Heaven opened and has operated as a separate club, under many names, such as Sherbet, The Island, The Eagle, Troll. When it is used as a separate venue, it uses a separate entrace off Hungerford Lane.
The Departure Lounge opened after the 1998 refurbishment. It is accessed from the rear of the main floor. It was originally marketed as a VIP area with a private entrance.
In 1982, Heaven was acquired from Norman, the founder, by Richard Branson's Virgin Group. Branson was one of the first to identify the burgeoning 'pink pound' and saw the club as an investment opportunity, Branson reported in his autobiography that the £500,000 used to purchase Heaven were financed by the brewery supplying drinks to the venue.
Pure Group Consortium
Virgin sold the club in 2003 to a consortium which comprised Paul Savory, Pure Group  owner Jeremy Millins and original club manager, David Inches.
On 22 Sept 2008, Heaven was purchased by the MAMA Group through its jointly-owned subsidiary company G-A-Y Ltd  MAMA Group's partner in G-A-Y, Jeremy Joseph, promised at the time, "The next couple of weeks I will spend getting to re-know Heaven and will be making plans that will include a major refurbishment." He emphasised that G-A-Y only ever rented their previous venue, the Astoria, which they moved out of this summer. That meant they couldn’t change its run-down interior, but Joseph will be in a position to invest in Heaven. He promised clubbers that G-A-Y’s Saturday nights will return at the new venue, as will the Friday night Camp Attack. But he also said he would be trying to retain Heaven regulars.
MAMA group was purchased by HMV Group plc HMV on 23 December 2009.
Jeremy Joseph acquired the outstanding shares in G-A-Y Ltd - and with it the Heaven venue - from HMV's administrators in mid-January 2013.
- Heaven Ibiza
- Heaven at Heaven - Bars & clubs - Gay & Lesbian - Time Out London
- London | Bars, Cafés & Nightlife | Gay & Lesbian | Heaven Nightclub | AA Destination Guide
- May 2007 London travel article on www.guidemag.com
- MAMA Group - Acquisition of Heaven (London) Limited and issue of convertible loan note
- Pink News: Jeremy Joseph buys G-A-Y from HMV administrators