Heavener, Oklahoma

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Heavener, Oklahoma
City
Location of Heavener, Oklahoma
Location of Heavener, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°53′21″N 94°36′15″W / 34.88917°N 94.60417°W / 34.88917; -94.60417Coordinates: 34°53′21″N 94°36′15″W / 34.88917°N 94.60417°W / 34.88917; -94.60417
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Le Flore
Area
 • Total 4.9 sq mi (12.8 km2)
 • Land 4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 554 ft (169 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,414
 • Density 696.7/sq mi (268.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74937
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-33400[1]
GNIS feature ID 1093640[2]
Website Chamber of Commerce

Heavener /ˈhvnər/ is a city in Le Flore County, Oklahoma, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. It was named for Joseph H. Heavener, who settled in the area about 1877.[3] The population was 3,414 at the 2010 census, an increase of 6.7 percent from 3,201 at the 2000 census.[4] Heavener is notable for the Heavener Runestone just outside the city limits.

History[edit]

Joseph H. Heavener and some other white settlers arrived, secured permits to farm from the Choctaw Indians and settled down to farm. In 1880, Zachary Taylor Ward and his Choctaw Indian wife, Tabitha Hickman Ward, moved their store at Skullyville to the present site of Heavener. Ward died in 1883, and his widow, Tabitha, married Heavener. The couple owned the land on which the town was established. Prior to being named Heavener by a popular vote in 1895, the area was known by several different names, including Prairie of the Tall Grass, Choctaw City, Prairie View, Long Prairie, and Grand Prairie.[3]

Suitable agricultural land around Heavener attracted many farmers as settlers. Other improvements soon followed. A cotton gin and a grist mill were built in town in 1885. In 1896 the Kansas City, Pittsburg and Gulf Railroad built tracks through the town. A post office was established in a boxcar on May 12, 1896 while another box car became the train station. In 1900-1901 the Arkansas Western Railroad constructed tracks from Heavener east to Arkansas.[3]

The Curtis Act allowed Heavener to incorporate in Indian Territory in 1898, with Henry Moore elected as the first mayor. The town population was 254 in 1900. After the Kansas City Southern Railway purchased the rail line in 1900, the company established a roundhouse in 1910, making Heavener a division point. By 1910, the population was 780, and continued increasing to 1,850 in 1920.[3]

Mining and timber became to the local economy in the 1930s. The 1930 census showed population of Heaver was 2,269. The Burnett Lumber Company opened a sawmill in 1935. Then the population began declining to 2,103 in 1950. A recovery began when the Heavener Charcoal Company began producing charcoal from its kilns in Heavener, shipping it to a plant in Arkansas. The 1970 census showed 2,566 residents in the town. However, the Burnett sawmill burned down in 1981.[3]

Poultry farming became an important activity in the late 20th Century. OK Foods established a hatchery in 1986. In 1992, the company built a poultry processing plant, and in 1995, it built a poultry feed mill.[3]

Heavener Runestone[edit]

Heavener is best known for the Heavener Runestone just outside the city limits. The cryptic stone appears to have letters from the runic alphabet, which were possibly etched by pre-Columbian Norsemen. There is such an attraction that a state park has been erected around the mysterious rock. Due to this purported connection the nearby school Carl Albert State College in the city of Poteau changed its mascot in the early 1990s from the "Trojan" to the "Viking."

Geography[edit]

Heavener is located at 34°53′21″N 94°36′15″W / 34.88917°N 94.60417°W / 34.88917; -94.60417 (34.889108, -94.604217).[5] It is 12 miles (19 km) south of Poteau, the LeFlore county seat.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2), of which, 4.9 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.40%) is water.

Media[edit]

There is a small weekly newspaper in the town called The Heavener Ledger. The radio tower for KPRV FM radio sits on top of Poteau Mountain less than a half mile from the Runestone. KPRV broadcasts out of nearby Poteau and has a sister station with the same call letters on the AM band.

Employers[edit]

The Kansas City Southern Railway, which operates a major yard, crew base, and fueling facility in Heavener, has been the town's largest employer for over seventy years. The second largest employer in Heavener is OK Foods. This Poultry company operates a Processing Plant, a Feed Mill, and a Hatchery in Heavener.

Schools[edit]

The schools are all located in the city's center and are the sole educational facilities. Heavener High School's mascot is the Wolves. School colors are purple and gold. Main activities at the school include band, football, cheerleading, basketball, baseball, softball, power lifting, track, golf, soccer, drama, academic team, and jazz band.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,201 people, 1,113 households, and 783 families residing in the city. The population density was 650.4 people per square mile (251.2/km²). There were 1,255 housing units at an average density of 255.0/sq mi (98.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.79% White, 0.62% African American, 9.84% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 10.56% from other races, and 5.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.52% of the population.

There were 1,113 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 12.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 14.9% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,750, and the median income for a family was $28,654. Males had a median income of $19,848 versus $18,487 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,313. About 23.6% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

The current mayor is Troy Dyer. The town also boasts a famous video-game champ, Jeremiah Clubb.

Name origin[edit]

Jacob and Elizabeth Heavener moved to the Indian Territory in 1845. Jacob and his eldest son William were hung by Jayhawkers in the mountains near Heavener because they were Union sympathizers. The town was named for Jacob's widow and son who built the first house in what is now Heavener. The original name of the town was Choctaw City, due to the large population nearby of Native Americans of the Choctaw tribe. The area was originally settled and developed by a combination of Native Americans and whites. When the railroad came to the region the name was changed. Many area towns maintain names of Native American origin such as Talihina.[citation needed]

  • Note: Jacob and William, if Union sympathizers, would've been hung by "Border Ruffians" who were Confederate sympathizers, not by Jayhawkers who were themselves pro-Union.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g LeMaster, Arlene. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Heavener." Retrieved July 14, 2012.[1]
  4. ^ [2] CensusViewer:Heavener, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved September 14, 2012.[3]
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]