Hebat

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Hebat
Other names Kheba
Khepat
Spouse(s) Teshub
Children Sarruma
Alanzu

Hebat, also transcribed Kheba or Khepat, was the mother goddess of the Hurrians, known as "the mother of all living".[1] She is also a Queen of the gods.

Family[edit]

Hebat is the wife of Teshub and the mother of Sarruma and Alanzu, as well mother-in-law of the daughter of the dragon Illuyanka.

Name[edit]

It is thought Hebat may have had a Southern Mesopotamian origin, being the deified founder of the Third Dynasty of Kish. The name can be transliterated in different versions - Khebat with the feminine ending -t is primarily the Syrian and Ugaritic version. In the Hurrian language Hepa is the most likely pronunciation of the name of the goddess. The sound /h/ in cuneiform is in the modern literature sometimes transliterated as kh. In Aramaean times she appears to have become identified with the Goddess Hawwah.

Arinniti[edit]

With Hebat was later assimilated the Hittite sun goddess Arinniti. A prayer of Queen Puduhepa makes this explicit: "To the Sun-goddess of Arinna, my lady, the mistress of the Hatti lands, the queen of Heaven and Earth. Sun-goddess of Arinna, thou art Queen of all countries! In the Hatti country thou bearest the name of the Sun-goddess of Arinna; but in the land which thou madest the cedar land thou bearest the name Hebat."[2]

Queen Kubaba was maybe deified and thus made into Hebat.

Cult[edit]

Hebat was venerated all over the ancient Near East. Her name appears in many theophoric personal names. A king of Jerusalem mentioned in the Amarna letters was named Abdi-Heba, possibly meaning "Servant of Hebat".[3]

The mother goddess is likely to have had a later counterpart in the Phrygian goddess Cybele.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beckman, G.: Pantheon A. II. Bei den Hethitern. In: Edzard, D. O. et al. (Hrsg.): Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie. Munich, 2010.
  2. ^ Bach, Alice Women in the Hebrew Bible Routledge; 1 edition (3 Nov 1998) ISBN 978-0-415-91561-8 p.171
  3. ^ Donald B. Redford , Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times, Princeton University Press, 1992 p.270.

External links[edit]