Hebbariye

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Hebbariye
Hebbariya, Hebbariyeh, Hebariya
Village, Municipality
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Nabatieh Governorate
District Hasbaya District
Population (1970)
 • Total 1,800[1]
Habbariye
750 metres (2,460 ft)
750 metres (2,460 ft)
Shown within Lebanon
Alternate name Habbariya, Habbariyeh, Habariya
Location 116 kilometres (72 mi) east of Beirut
Region Hasbaya
Coordinates 33°22′03″N 35°41′39″E / 33.3675°N 35.694167°E / 33.3675; 35.694167
History
Cultures Roman
Site notes
Condition Ruins
Public access Yes

Hebbariye, Hebbariyeh, Hebbariya or Hebariya is a village and municipality situated in the Hasbaya District of the Nabatieh Governorate in Lebanon.[2] It is located on the southwestern slopes of Mount Hermon near the Syrian border, northeast of Rachaya Al Foukhar and is positioned amongst orchards of apricot trees.[2]

The village sits ca. 750 metres (2,460 ft) above sea level and the small population is predominantly Sunni Muslim.[3]

Roman temple[edit]

There is a Roman temple near to the village, opposite the Wadi Shib'a which is the most southern of the Temples of Mount Hermon, a group defined by George Taylor as being south of the main road to Damascus on the west of Mount Hermon, including the Wadi al-Taym area.[4][5][6] It has been classified as an Antae temple with an eastern portal that faces Mount Hermon, aligned "as if to catch the first beams of the morning sun rising over Hermon."[5][7] The temple has a large basement chamber underneath the cella floors that is thought to have been used for burial. The room is only accessible from the outside of the building.[8] The temple was surveyed in the summer of 1852 by Edward Robinson who noted several large blocks with one measuring 2.75 feet (0.84 m) by 15 feet (4.6 m). He measured the dimensions of the temple to be 58 feet (18 m) long by 31 feet (9.4 m) wide with 6 feet (1.8 m) thick walls around 32 feet (9.8 m) high. The capitals appeared to be of an Ionic style.[5] At the entrance doorway, there are two tiers of niches with some engraved writing beneath the upper set.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nah- und Mittelost-Verein; Deutsches Orient-Institut (1970). Orient. Deutsches Orient-Institut. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Robert Boulanger (1955). Lebanon. Hachette. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  3. ^ NOW Lebanon, Being infamous: A man who worked with the Israeli army asks for his pension, Ana Maria Luca , February 20, 2010.
  4. ^ Edward Robinson (1856). Biblical researches in Palestine and the adjacent regions: a journal of travels in the years 1838 and 1852. J. Murray. pp. 433–. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Sir Charles William Wilson (1881). Picturesque Palestine, Sinai, and Egypt. D. Appleton. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Daniel M. Krencker; Willy Zschietzschmann (1938). Römische Tempel in Syrien: nach Aufnahmen und Untersuchungen von Mitgliedern der Deutschen Baalbekexpedition 1901-1904, Otto Puchstein, Bruno Schulz, Daniel Krencker [u.a.] .... W. de Gruyter & Co. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  7. ^ a b George Taylor (1971). The Roman temples of Lebanon: a pictorial guide. Les temples romains au Liban; guide illustré. Dar el-Machreq Publishers. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  8. ^ Kevin Butcher (19 February 2004). Roman Syria and the Near East. Getty Publications. pp. 359–. ISBN 978-0-89236-715-3. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 

External links[edit]