|— CDP —|
|• Total||5.9 sq mi (15.3 km2)|
|• Land||5.9 sq mi (15.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||548 ft (167 m)|
|• Density||763.4/sq mi (294.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1337545|
Hebbronville is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Jim Hogg County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,558 at the 2010 census. In 1918, Helen Sewel Harbison became the first woman in Texas to cast a ballot, two years before the implementation of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The Colegio Altamirano, founded by settlers of Spanish ancestry who wanted their children to learn Spanish culture, was an institution in Hebbronville from 1897 until its closing in 1958.
The community calls itself the "Vaquero Capitol of Texas and the USA."
Hebbronville is located at (27.311259, -98.680998).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.9 square miles (15 km2), all of it land.
Hebbronville is located on land which once formed part of Las Noriecitas, one of the earliest ranches founded in the area.
The town's namesake, James Richard Hebbron, acquired land, in about 1880, from the descendants of the original grantee, Ingacio Benavides. With two others, he bought 18,000 acres, in the then Duval County, just above Peña. One of his sons, Arthur Hebbron, came down from California and took charge of running his ranch.
Hebbronville itself was created in 1883, when the Texas-Mexican Railway Company built a railroad through the area. Francisco P. Peña, operator of Peña Station on this route, refused to sell any land to the Texas-Mexican for a townsite. The company then approached J. R. Hebbron, who arranged for the sale of land for the new townsite, near Peñitas. The old train station at Peñitas was then loaded onto a flatcar, moved 1½ miles west and named Hebbronville.
For a time, Hebbronville ranked as the largest cattle-shipping center in the country and it continues to be a hub of ranching activity.
A photograph of James R. Hebbron hangs in the Jim Hogg County Courthouse, 102, East Tilley Street, Hebbronville. (See External Link below) He was born in London, England, but spent most of his adult life in California, mainly around Salinas.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,498 people, 1,554 households, and 1,165 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 763.4 people per square mile (294.9/km²). There were 1,853 housing units at an average density of 314.5 per square mile (121.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 81.79% White, 0.53% African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 14.81% from other races, and 1.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 90.55% of the population.
There were 1,554 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.41.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 31.1% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,558, and the median income for a family was $29,358. Males had a median income of $27,042 versus $17,772 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,271. About 25.2% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 32.0% of those age 65 or over.
Hebbronville, as with all of Jim Hogg County, is served by the Jim Hogg County Independent School District.
The district has three schools, all within the town: Hebbronville Elementary School, Hebbronville Junior High School, and Hebbronville High School.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.