Heber C. Kimball
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|Heber C. Kimball|
|First Counselor in the First Presidency|
|December 27, 1847– June 22, 1868|
|Called by||Brigham Young|
|Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|February 14, 1835– December 27, 1847|
|Called by||Three Witnesses|
|End reason||Called as First Counselor in the First Presidency|
|LDS Church Apostle|
|February 14, 1835– June 22, 1868|
|Called by||Three Witnesses|
|Reason||Initial organization of Quorum of the Twelve|
|Reorganization at end of term||No apostles ordained|
|Born||Heber Chase Kimball
June 14, 1801
Sheldon, Vermont, United States
|Died||June 22, 1868
Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States
Heber Chase Kimball (June 14, 1801 – June 22, 1868) was a leader in the early Latter Day Saint movement. He served as one of the original twelve apostles in the early Latter Day Saint church, and as first counselor to Brigham Young in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death.
 Early life
Kimball was born in Sheldon, Franklin County, Vermont and was named after a Judge Chase, who had helped the family in their efforts to settle in the area. His father having suffered the loss of his investments due to the embargo preceding the War of 1812, the family moved west and eventually settled in West Bloomfield, New York, Ontario County, New York around 1811.
 Education and training
Kimball left school at age 14, trained as a blacksmith and potter, and moved with his brother in about 1820 to Mendon, Monroe County, New York, where he married his first wife in 1822 and purchased his brother's pottery business. For the next ten years, he carried out his trades, accumulated five and a half acres (22,000 m²) of land, built a house and a barn, and planted an orchard.
In 1823, Kimball received the three first degrees of Freemasonry in the lodge at Victor Flats, Ontario County, New York. In 1824, he sent a petition to the chapter at Canandaigua, New York, to receive the York Rite degrees of Royal Arch Masonry. His petition was accepted, although, as he reported, Anti-Masons had burned down the chapter building in Canandaigua.
Many years later, Kimball reminisced of his New York masonic experiences and stated: "I wish that all men were masons and would live up to their profession, then the world would be in a much better state than it is now."
When the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints had established itself in Nauvoo, Illinois, Kimball was one of the original petitioners to establish a lodge there, and served as Nauvoo Lodge U.D.'s first Junior Deacon. He remained active in Freemasonry throughout his stay in Nauvoo, but was not active once he moved Utah Territory; there being no lodge in Utah in his lifetime that would allow Mormons admittance.
 Early family life
Several of his close family died of tuberculosis within a few years of each other, his mother in February 1824 and his father in the spring of 1826, followed by his brother Charles C. and his brother's wife shortly thereafter.
His first child that survived infancy, William Henry, was born in Mendon, April 10, 1826.
 Signs in the heavens
Kimball claims to have witnessed a miraculous event on September 22, 1827, which, according to his autobiography, he subsequently learned "took place the same evening that Joseph Smith received the records of the Book of Mormon from the Angel Moroni". This involved "a white smoke" arising on the horizon, growing "clear and transparent of a bluish cast" to reveal an army on the move "in platoons":
- "We could see distinctly the muskets, bayonets, and knapsacks of the men, who wore caps and feathers like those used by the American soldiers in the last war with Britain; also their officers with their swords and equipage, and heard the clashing and jingling of their instruments of war and could discover the form and features of the men. The most profound order existed throughout the entire army, when the foremost man stepped, every man stepped at the same time: I could hear the step. When the front rank reached the Western horizon a battle ensued, as we could distinctly hear the report of the arms and the rush. No man could judge of my feelings when I beheld that army of men, as plainly as I ever saw armies of men in the flesh it seemed as though every hair of my head was alive. This scenery was gazed upon for hours, until it began to disappear."
His daughter Helen Mar was born August 22, 1828.
 Joining the Latter Day Saints church
While in New York, Kimball joined the local Baptist Church and was eventually baptized. Only three weeks later, three elders from the church Joseph Smith founded visited the house of his friend, Phinehas Young. Kimball visited the house at this time and was impressed with their teachings. He also witnessed the speaking of tongues and the interpretation of tongues during this visit. He claims to have been visited by the power of God.
During this time, he reported that he and several of the Young family saw a vision opened of the "gathering of the Saints to Zion" . This led him to travel to Pennsylvania to visit with the elders some more, accompanied by some of the Youngs. They stayed six days with the elders and the church there and witnessed more miracles such as speaking in tongues and the interpretation of tongues.
On April 16, 1832 Kimball was baptized by Alpheus Gifford. After the confirmation, the elder offered to give the priesthood, but Kimball refused it as he felt he was unready. 30 more people were baptized in Mendon, and they formed a branch of the church.
About this time, people began calling Kimball "crazy", although he claims he was "clothed in the right mind". He claims the scriptures unfolded for him. Local clergy and members of other faiths soon became antagonistic towards the small Latter Day Saint branch and its members. Kimball had several people make executions on his property to recall considerable debts, which he was nevertheless able to pay off in full.
 Church service
Shortly after his baptism, Kimball was ordained an elder by Joseph Young, and began proselyting in the neighboring areas with Joseph and Brigham Young. They were met with great success, baptizing many and building up churches. He reports one instance where Ezra Landon baptized some twenty people but wanted Kimball to confirm them. He did so, and immediately they began speaking in tongues and interpreting them.
 Quorum of the 12
Kimball was ordained a member of The Quorum of Twelve Apostles on February 14, 1835. He was one of the original twelve members of the Quorum, being 4th in seniority.
Joseph Smith, Jr. called Kimball to lead a group of missionaries to England in 1837. The mission began work in Preston, Lancashire, England. After the initial baptisms in Preston the missionaries expanded their efforts to the Ribble Valley. By the time Kimball left to return to the United States in 1838 about 1500 people had been baptized.
Kimball returned with a small party to make travel arrangements for the groups and discovered the Latter Day Saints were undergoing considerable strife and pressure in the state of Missouri.
While Smith was imprisoned in the Liberty Jail, Brigham Young (now ranking leader of the Quorum) and Kimball organized the removal of approximately 12,000 Latter Day Saint refugees across the border into Illinois. There the church founded the city of Nauvoo and built a temple.
In September of 1839 Kimball left Nauvoo for another mission to England. He did not reach Indiana until October. He made stops at Kirtland to encourage the remaining Saints there to move to Nauvoo and other places and a long stop in New York City. He sailed from New York on December 19 but did not reach Liverpool until April 6. Kimball spent 1840 and some of 1841 in England. Initially in the area in and around Preston and later working as a missionary in London. The missionaries began organizing groups of British converts to travel to America, beginning in 1840, and join the main body of the church.
After Smith's assassination in 1844, succession to the leadership of the church was a divisive issue for some. Brigham Young, standing as the head of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles, led the majority of church members across the state line into Iowa and eventually to the Salt Lake Valley. Kimball stood next in leadership in the Quorum to Brigham Young.
 First presidency
While in the First Presidency, Kimball received special assignments to supervise the ongoing British Mission and to conduct temple ordinances. He also worked to encourage economic independence for Utah.
 Government service
When the Provisional Government of the State of Deseret was organized in the Spring of 1849 Kimball was appointed the Chief Justice and Lieutenant Governor of the Proposed state.
Kimball served in the Utah's Territorial legislature in the upper house known as the Council from 1851 until 1858. He was president of the council during the session beginning in March 1851, but later just served as a member of the council.
Kimball died on June 22, 1868, at age 67, in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, from the effects of a carriage accident. He was buried in the Kimball-Whitney Cemetery (40.772949, -111.889755), located on the south slope of what's now known as Capitol Hill, an area then called "Heber's Bench" after him.
 Plural marriage
Kimball received private instruction from Joseph Smith on plural marriage (polygamy). Initially reluctant, Kimball accepted the responsibility and married a second wife, Sarah Noon. His first wife, Vilate Murray Kimball, accepted plural marriage and welcomed the additional wives as sisters. Heber and Vilate agreed and gave their 14-year-old daughter Helen Marr as a plural wife of Joseph Smith. Kimball considered the marrying of multiple wives an expression of his faith in and obedience to God: "I have noticed that a man who has but one wife, and is inclined to that doctrine, soon begins to wither and dry up, while a man who goes into plurality [of wives] looks fresh, young, and sprightly. Why is this? Because God loves that man, and because he honors His work and word."
 Wives and children
Kimball eventually married a total of forty-three women, although it is stated that many of these marriages were merely caretaking arrangements lacking a physical intimacy component. Kimball had sixty-five children by seventeen of his wives.
- Vilate Murray (1 June 1806 Florida, New York– 22 October 1867 Salt Lake City). Married on 7 November 1822 in Mendon. They had 10 children;
- Judith Marvin Kimball (29 July 1823-20 May 1824)
- William Henry Kimball (10 April 1825-29 December 1907)
- Helen Mar Kimball (20 August 1828-13 November 1896)
- Roswell Heber Kimball (10 January 1831-15 June 1831)
- Heber Parley Kimball (1 January 1835-8 February 1885)
- David Patten Kimball (23 August 1839-21 November 1883)
- Charles Spaulding Kimball (2 January 1843-2 December 1925)
- Brigham Willard Kimball (29 June 1845-23 July 1867)
- Solomon Farnham Kimball (2 February 1847-7 February 1920)
- Murray Gould Kimball (20 January 1850-27 June 1852)
- Sarah (Peak) Noon (3 May 1811 Staffordshire, England– 3 December 1873). They married in 1842, she was his first plural wife, and had four children;
- Adelbert Kimball (1842–1843)
- Henry Kimball (1844- c.1868)
- Sarah Helen Kimball (1 July 1845-1 December 1860)
- Heber Kimball (1849–1850)
- Ann Alice Gheen (20 December 1827 Pennsylvania-12 October 1879 Salt Lake City), married on 10 September 1844.
- Samuel Heber Kimball (9 December 1851-18 April 1943)
- Daniel Heber Kimball (8 February 1856-26 April 1936)
- Andrew Kimball (6 September 1858-31 August 1924), twin of Alice
- Alice Ann Kimball (6 September 1858-19 December 1946), twin of Andrew
- Sarah Gheen Kimball (31 May 1861-8 February 1913)
- Mary Ellen Harris Abel (5 October 1818 New York-28 October 1902 Salt Lake City), married on 1 October 1844.
- Peter Kimball (19 December 1855-27 September 1860)
- Martha McBride Knight (17 March 1805 New York-20 November 1891 Ogden, Utah), married on 12 October 1844.
- Infant Son (born and died in 1845)
- Ellen Sanders, born Aagaat Ysteinsdatter, (11 April 1823 Norway-22 November 1871 Salt Lake City), married on 5 November 1844.
- Samuel Chase Kimball (13 February 1848-July 1848)
- Joseph Smith Kimball (2 June 1850-29 November 1864), twin of Augusta
- Augusta Kimball (2 June 1850-5 October 1861), twin of Joseph
- Rosalia Kimball (25 November 1853-22 February 1950)
- Jedediah Heber Kimball (10 March 1855-24 June 1927)
- Frances Jessie Swan (born June 1822 in Scotland), married 1845, divorced 7 December 1851, died 30 May 1894 in San Francisco, CA).
- Margaret Jane Kimball (9 April 1846-10 August 1846); died at Winter Quarters
- Clarrisa Cutler (23 December 1824 New York-1852 Kansas), married on 29 February 1845 and separated in 1848.
- Abraham Alonzo Kimball (16 April 1846-25 September 1889)
- Lucy Walker (Smith) (30 April 1826 – 1910), married on 8 February 1845.
- Rachel Sylvia Kimball (28 January 1846-12 December 1847)
- John Heber Kimball (12 December 1850-28 November 1918)
- Willard Heber Kimball (25 January 1853-5 December 1854)
- Lydia Holmes Kimball (18 January 1856-15 April 1928)
- Ann Spaulding Kimball (18 March 1857-27 November 1932)
- Eliza Kimball (14 May 1860 - 1906)
- Washington Kimball (born 22 October 1862); Twin of Joshua
- Joshua Heber Kimball (born 22 October 1862), twin of Washington, died in infantcy
- Franklin Heber Kimball (born 28 August 1864)
- Sarah Ann Whitney (1825–1873). They married on 17 March 1845 and had 7 children;
- David Kimball (8 March 1846-1847)
- David Orson Kimball (26 August 1848-16 April 1849)
- David Heber Kimball (born 26 February 1850)
- Newel Whitney Kimball (born 19 May 1852)
- Horace Heber Kimball (born 3 September 1853)
- Sarah Maria Kimball (1858-August 1902)
- Joshua Heber Kimball (born in February)
- Harriet Sanders, born Helga Ysteinsdatter Bakka, (7 December 1824 Norway-5 September 1896 Utah), married 26 January 1846.
- Harriet Kimball (born & died 8 May 1852)
- Hyrum Heber Kimball (6 July 1855-4 June 1943)
- Eugene Kimball (born 15 January 1863)
- Emily Trask Cutler (23 February 1828 New York-1852 Kansas), married on 2 February 1846, separated in 1848.
- Isaac A. Kimball (13 October 1846-24 February 1914)
- Amanda Trimble Gheen (18 January 1830 Pennsylvania-4 November 1904 Salt Lake City), younger sister of Anne, married on 2 February 1846.
- William Gheen Kimball (3 March 1851-24 March 1924)
- Albert Heber Kimball (13 September 1854-2 March 1944)
- Jeremiah Heber Kimball (15 August 1857-25 May 1887)
- Moroni Heber Kimball (23 May 1861-23 May 1887)
- Ruth Amelia Reese (10 May 1817 Pennsylvania-26 November 1902 Salt Lake City), married on 3 February 1846.
- Susannah R. Kimball (born & died 7 July 1851)
- Jacob Reese Kimball (15 April 1853-30 May 1875)
- Enoch Heber Kimball (29 September 1855-20 August 1877)
- Christine Golden (12 September 1823 Hopewell, New Jersey-30 January 1896 Salt Lake City). They were married on 3 February 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois.
- Cornelia Christine Kimball (7 June 1850-23 Dec 1853))
- Jonathan Golden Kimball (June 9, 1853 – September 2, 1938)
- Elias Smith Kimball (30 March 1857-13 June 1934)
- Mary Margaret Kimball (30 April 1861-28 September 1937)
- Prescinda Lathrop Huntington (Buell, Smith) (7 September 1810 New York–1 February 1892 Salt Lake City), married on 4 February 1846 and had 2 children;
- Mary Smithies (7 October 1837-1880), married 25 January 1857.
- Mary Melvina Kimball (29 August 1858-8 May 1933)
- James Heber Kimball (1860-2 June 1866)
- Wilford Alfonzo Kimball (6 October 1863-15 November 1928)
- Lorenzo Heber Kimball (6 February 1866-2 July 1929)
- Abbie Sarah Kimball (15 Jan 1868 England-23 February 1943)); first child born in England to Mormon parents
Kimball was also married to, but did not have children with;
- Mary Fielding Smith (21 July 1801 England-21 September 1852 Salt Lake City), married on 14 September 1844.
- Charlotte Chase (11 May 1825 Vermont- 15 December 1904 Idaho), married on 10 October 1844 (separated 1849).
- Nancy Maria Winchester (19 August 1828 Pennsylvania-17 March 1876). Married on 10 October 1844. Separated in 1865.
- Sarah Lawrence (born 13 May 1826 Canada). Married on 12 October 1844 and divorce on 18 June 1851.
- Ruth Wellington (born 11 March 1809 Massachusetts), separated 1846
- Abigail Pitkin (17 July 1797 New York-15 May 1847 Winter Quarters). Married 7 January 1846.
- Margaret McMinn (born 7 April 1829 in Philadelphia). Married in February 1846.
- Ruth Pierce (11 February 1818-after 1861), whom he married on 3 February 1846. They did not have children. They were separated in 1853.
- Hulda Barnes (1 October 1806 Massachusetts-2 September 1898 Utah). Married on 3 February 1846.
- Sophronia Melinda Harmon (5 April 1824 Pennsylvania-26 January 1847 Winter Quarters). Married on 3 February 1846.
- Mary Houston (11 September 1818 Ohio-24 December 1896 Salt Lake City). Married on 3 February 1846.
- Laura Pitkin (10 September 1790 Connecticut-16 November 1866 Salt Lake City). Married on 3 February 1846.
- Theresa Arathusa Morley (18 July 1826 Kirtland, Ohio-7 October 1855 Salt Lake City). Married on 3 February 1846 and Separated in March 1852.
- Abigail Buchannan (born 9 January 1802 in Massachusetts). Married on 7 February 1846. Separated in 1846.
- Elizabeth Hereford (born July 1789 in Herefordshire, England). Married on 7 February 1846 and divorced on 18 April 1852.
- Elizabeth Doty/Cravath (29 April 1808 New York-21 January 1889 Utah), married on 11 April 1846.
- Mary Dull (born 23 November 1807 Pennsylvania), married on 21 May 1848.
- Mary Ann Shefflin (separated in 1850)
- Dorothy Moon (born 9 February 1804 in Lancashire, England). Married on 14 March 1856.
- Hannah Moon (born 29 May 1802 in Lancashire, England). Married on 14 March 1856.
- Adelia Almira Wilcox (29 March 1828 New York-19 October 1896 Utah). Married on 9 October 1856.
- Rebecca Swain (born 3 Aug 1798 [Penn.]. Married on 7 Feb 1846.
- Sara Schuler
Kimball has a number of noteworthy descendants, including:
- Spencer W. Kimball, Grandson
- Orson F. Whitney, Grandson
- Natacha Rambova, Great-granddaughter
- Nick Udall, Great-grandson
- Edward L. Kimball, Great-grandson
- Quentin L. Cook, Great-great-grandson
- Richard Ian Kimball,
 See also
- Kimball-Snow-Woolley Family
- John P. Greene
- Heber C. Kimball Gristmill
- Mormon pioneers
- William Henry Kimball
- After Kimball's death, George A. Smith was added to the First Presidency and Brigham Young, Jr. was added to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, but both Smith and Young had already been ordained apostles prior to Kimball's death.
- Whitney, Orson F. (1888). Life of Heber C. Kimball: Apostle, Father and Founder of the British Mission. Salt Lake City, Utah: Kimball Family. p. 27.
- The first time Mormons were granted admittance in Utah was 1984, even to those who had previously been admitted to other lodges prior to the Mormon Exodus.
See: Kearney, Greg (2005), "The Message and the Messenger: Latter-day Saints and Freemasonry", 2005 FAIR Conference (Foundation for Apologetic Information & Research); Brief History of Wasatch Lodge, "The Lodge", WasatchLodge.org (Wasatch Lodge #1 Free & Accepted Masons).
- Orson F. Whitney, The Life of Heber C. Kimball (Salt Lake City, Bookcraft, 1945) p. 21-22
- Stanley B. Kimball, "Heber C. Kimball" in Arnold K. Garr, Donald Q. Cannon and Rochard O. Cowan, ed., The Encyclopedia of LDS Church History, p. 607
- Whitney, Kimball, p. 121
- David J. Whitaker and James R. Moss, "Missions of the Twelve to the British Isles", in Daniel H. Ludlow, ed. Selections from the Encyclopedia of Mormonism: Church History (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1995) p. 331
- Edward L. Kimball, "Heber C. Kimball" in Daniel H. Ludlow, ed., Selections from the Encyclopedia of Mormonism: Church History, p. 268
- Whitney, Kimball p. 265
- Whitney, Kimball, p. 271-275
- Whitney, Kimball, p. 287
- Kimball, "Kimball", Encyclopedia of Mormonism, p. 269
- Kimball, "Kimball", Encyclopedia of Mormonism, p. 270
- Stanley Kimball, Kimball, Encyclopedia of LDS Church History, p. 607
- Whitney, Kimball, p. 393
- Territory of Utah: Legislative Rosters compiled by the Utah State Archives Staff, 2007
- Whitney, Kimball, p. 394
- Journal of Discourses vol. 5, p. 22.
- Kimball, "Kimball", Encyclopedia of Mormonism, p. 369
- Allen, James B.; Glen M. Leonard. The Story of the Latter-day Saints. Deseret Book Co., Salt Lake City, UT, 1976. ISBN 0-87747-594-6.
- Kimball, Stanley, editor. On the Potter's Wheel:The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball, Signature Books, Salt Lake City, UT. ISBN 0-941214-60-5
- Ludlow, Daniel H., A Companion to Your Study of the Doctrine and Covenants, Deseret Book Co., Salt Lake City, UT, 1978. ISBN 1-57345-224-6.
- Ludlow, Daniel H., editor. Church History, Selections From the Encyclopedia of Mormonism. Deseret Book Co., Salt Lake City, UT, 1992. ISBN 0-87579-924-8.
- Smith, George D., editor. The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books, Salt Lake City, UT, ISBN 1-56085-022-1
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|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Heber C. Kimball|
Media related to Heber C. Kimball at Wikimedia Commons
- Grampa Bill's G.A. Pages: Heber C. Kimball
- On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball, Kimball, Stanley B. ed. Signature Books and Smith Research Associates, 1987 (Full text online).
- Journal Excerpts, from Orson F. Whitney, Life of Heber C. Kimball
- sections of Heber C. Kimball's autobiography at SaintsWithoutHalos.com
- Heber C. Kimball Family Association
|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles|
|Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
February 14, 1835–December 27, 1847