Jewish medicine is medical practice of the Jewish people, including writing in the languages of both Hebrew and Arabic.
28% of nobel prize winners in medicine have been Jewish, although Jews comprise less than 0.2% of the world's population.
There are no extant texts of ancient medicine, as a first subject, of Hebrew origin. There was no medicine distinctly Jewish and instead Jewish practitioners had adopted Greek and later Graeco-Roman knowledge as practice.
Up until the time of King Chizkiyahu (his reign being dated to approximately 2,500 y.a.), a text - Sefer Refuot ("The Book of Remedies") was composed and used extensively for at least 300 years until King Chizkiyahu's time.
"...when a person became ill, he would follow what was written in "The Book of Remedies," and be healed. As a result, people's hearts were not humbled before Heaven because of illness. - Rashi'"
In the time of the New Testament the person acting as a physician was as much about healing the soul as the body. Apostolic healing is claimed to have occurred where-by people are thought to have been healed by miracles, in the same vien as Jesus of Nazareth who was claimed to have healed the sick by miracles also, going so far as to have raised a man from the dead.
Osler refers to St. Luke (practicing in the 1st century ) as our great colleague, and as a Physician, stating that he had some degree of science in his practice, although not like Hipppocrates "nor even of a scientifically trained contemporary of Dioscorides".
Barqây instead states The Book of Remedies to be attributed to Asaph the Jew, (a Mesopotamian according to Garrisons History of Medicine in Rosner and Muntner ), and written sometime during the seventh and or eighth centuries (according to H. Muntner et al) and as such is the earliest extant Hebrew text. The text comprises four parts; a story of the transmission of medicine from God to mankind, a medical survey généralement, a Materia medica and a list of medical aphorisms.
Jewish scholars translated many early works from Arabic into Hebrew during this time. Practitioners learnt exclusively via apprenticeships or otherwise self-taught.
According to one statistical source, Jewish persons were in some cases the dominant number of practitioners within certain societies of this period.
The 17th century
The first organized study of Biblical medicine began during the 17th century.
According to AM. Kraut practitioners don't see any division between faith and medicine.
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