|Town of Hebron, Indiana|
|Motto: "A Community Working Together"|
Location in the state of Indiana
|• Total||1.98 sq mi (5.13 km2)|
|• Land||1.98 sq mi (5.13 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||709 ft (216 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,732|
|• Density||1,880.8/sq mi (726.2/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0435961|
Hebron is located at (41.321736, -87.201611).
According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 1.98 square miles (5.1 km2), all land.
|Source: US Census Bureau|
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,724 people, 1,449 households, and 990 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,880.8 inhabitants per square mile (726.2 /km2). There were 1,539 housing units at an average density of 777.3 per square mile (300.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.9% White, 1.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.1% of the population.
There were 1,449 households of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.15.
The median age in the town was 33.6 years. 27.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30% were from 25 to 44; 23.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,596 people, 1,410 households, and 984 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,321.5 people per square mile (895.8/km²). There were 1,456 housing units at an average density of 940.0 per square mile (362.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.38% White, 0.28% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 1.28% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.12% of the population.
There were 1,410 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,103, and the median income for a family was $52,036. Males had a median income of $46,865 versus $21,855 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,119. About 3.4% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.
The first settler to Hebron was Judge Jesse Johnson (1st Judge of the Porter County Probate Court. The area of Hebron was an open prairie interspersed with small groves of trees. The prairie was about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) long by 0.75 miles (1.21 km) wide. About 0.5 miles (0.80 km) south was the Potawatomi village of Hauakiki. Locally the village was called "Indian Town."
The area chosen for settlement was referred to as "The Corners" as this was where two roads crossed. Modern Indiana State Road 8 and U.S. 231. The first homes were of log construction. In 1849, Mr. McCune built the "Tavern" as the first frame structure. The tavern continued in use as a tavern until 1936. In 1838, a Rev. Hannan organized the Bethlehem Church of Associate Reform Presbyterians. Later the church changed its name from "Bethlehem" to "Hebron." In 1845, Rev. Blain of the Hebron Church of Associate Reform Presbyterians petitioned for a post office named after his church. The post office was established that year and the town got its name.
In 1849, 1852, 1855, and 1864 lots were laid out to the west and south of the "The Corners." It took the construction of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad in 1863 to open the town to growth. Completed just to support the Union effort during the American Civil War, the railroad spurred growth after the war ended. Hebron became a gateway to the rich hunting grounds of the Grand Kankakee Marsh.
The community was granted status as a "Town" on March 5, 1890. The advent of the draining of the Grand Kankakee Marsh in 1890 increased the traffic and the population of the entire area. Another spurt of growth occurred from 1900-1912 when the Hebron Opera House was built. By 1936, three passenger trains a day passed through Hebron headed for Chicago, making access to world markets possible.
- "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Century of Progress (1890-1990); Charter Centennnial of Hebron Indiana; Hebron Centennial Committee
- Bronze plaque on site; Historical Society of Porter County