Heckler & Koch UMP
|Heckler & Koch UMP|
The Heckler & Koch UMP45 with a vertical foregrip
|Place of origin||Germany|
|Used by||See Users|
|Manufacturer||Heckler & Koch|
With unloaded magazine:
|Barrel length||200 mm (8 inches)|
|Action||Blowback, closed bolt|
|Rate of fire||
|Effective firing range|
The UMP (Universale Maschinenpistole, German for "Universal Machine Pistol") is a submachine gun developed and manufactured by Heckler & Koch. The UMP has been adopted by various agencies such as the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Heckler & Koch developed the UMP as a lighter and cheaper successor to the MP5, though both remain in production.
As originally designed, the UMP is chambered for larger cartridges (.45 ACP and .40 S&W) than other submachine guns like the MP5, to provide more stopping power against unarmored targets (with slightly lower effectiveness at longer range) than the MP5 (largely offered in 9x19mm, albeit with short-lived production of 10mm Auto and .40 S&W variants). A larger cartridge produces more recoil, and makes control more difficult in fully automatic firing. To mitigate this, the cyclic rate of fire was reduced to 650 rounds/min (600 rounds/min for the UMP45), which makes it one of the slower firing submachine guns on the market.
The UMP9 (the 9x19mm version of the UMP) is almost 0.2 kilograms (0.44 lb) lighter than its MP5 counterpart. Its predominantly polymer construction reduces both its weight and the number of parts susceptible to corrosion.
The UMP is available in four trigger group configurations, featuring different combinations of semi-automatic, 2-round burst, fully automatic, and safe settings. It features a side-folding buttstock to reduce its length during transport. When the last round of the UMP is fired, the bolt locks open, and can be released via a catch on the left side. The standard viewing sights are composed of an aperture rear sight and a front ring with a vertical post. It can mount four Picatinny rails (one on top of the receiver, and one on the right, left, and the bottom of the handguard) for the attachment of accessories such as optical sights, flashlights, or laser sights. Vertical fore-grips can be attached to the bottom rail for increased control during burst and automatic fire.
There are three versions of the UMP: the UMP45, firing a .45 ACP cartridge; the UMP40, firing a .40 S&W cartridge; and the UMP9, firing a 9x19mm Parabellum cartridge. Apart from the different chambering, all versions feature the same basic design, the most noticeable difference being the curved magazine used on the UMP9 (whereas the UMP40 and UMP45 use a straight magazine). All three versions of the weapon can be converted to any of the available chamberings via replacement of the bolt, barrel, and magazine.
The USC or Universal Self-loading Carbine is a semi-automatic version of the UMP that is available to private citizens. It was designed following the Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 in the United States and was introduced in 2000. Changes from the original UMP include a "thumbhole" type stock and grip (versus the pistol grip of the UMP, though aesthetically there is little difference), longer barrel (no flash suppressor), limited 10-round magazine, and semi-automatic only trigger group and action. Originally available in gray, as of 2008 the USC comes only in an all-black finish. In 2013, the USC was cancelled.
In 2000, H&K recalled certain UMP and USC serial numbers due to faulty operating handles. The faulty handles, made of a polymer, could break off making the weapons inoperable.
- Krieger, Jim (3/9/2010). "Guns of the United States Border Patrol". Retrieved 8 August 2013. Check date values in:
- "Heckler & Koch – Group Website". Heckler-koch.com. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
- Cutshaw, Charles Q (2011). Tactical Small Arms of the 21st Century: A Complete Guide to Small Arms From Around the World. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 156. ISBN 978-1-4402-2709-7. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Dockery, Kevin (2007). Future Weapons. New York: Penguin Group US. pp. 383–385. ISBN 978-1-101-20618-8. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Peterson, Phillip (19 August 2011). Gun Digest Book of Modern Gun Values. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 324. ISBN 978-1-4402-1833-0. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Ramage, Ken (2008). Gun Digest 2009: The World's Greatest Gun Book. Iola, Wisconsin: F+W Media, Inc. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-89689-647-5. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- "HK Recalls Firearms". Shooting Industry (General OneFile). April 2000. p. 10.
- "Galleries: Darlinghurst siege". The Daily Telegraph (Australia). Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- "Tutte le dimensioni |NSW Police at Siege | Flickr – Condivisione di foto!". Flickr.com. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- Rolfe, Peter (January 1, 2012). "Siege and hold up could be linked". Sunday Herald Sun. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- Ball, Vincent. "Police give valuable inside look at tactical unit". Brantford Expositor. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Armament of the Georgian Army". Geo-army.ge. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Shea, Dan (Spring 2009). "SOFEX 2008". Small Arms Defense Journal, p. 29.
- Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009–2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 898. ISBN 0-7106-2869-2.
- "Annual Report 2011 > Landespolizei" (PDF). Landespolizei. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "About the Security Corps > Landespolizei" (PDF). Landespolizei. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- Wangguang, Lei (2015-03-21). "Langkawi Airshow / PASKAL─Sea Dragon special warfare/蘭卡威航展／PASKAL─大馬海中特戰蛟龍". Youth Daily News (in Chinese). Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Mohd Husaini Kamal (2011-06-24). "Kursus Pengendalian Senjata Kecil di WILSAR" (in Malay). Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
- Montes, Julio A. (July 2009). "Small Arms in Mexico". Small Arms Review 12 (10): 88.
- Ibp Usa; USA Int'l Business Publications (1 May 2007). Philippines Army Weapon Systems Handbook. Int'l Business Publications. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-4330-6198-1. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- "Armament ultrasofisticat pentru Forţele Speciale ale Armatei Române - Gandul". Gandul.info. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "Kalibar | Tekst". Kalibar.rs. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "5th Regiment of Special Assignment". Retrieved 2009-11-29.
- "South African Police Training Overview" (PDF). http://www.marikanacomm.org.za. South African Police Service. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- Ibp Usa; USA Int'l Business Publications (1 May 2007). Thailand Army Weapon Systems Handbook. Int'l Business Publications. p. 150. ISBN 978-1-4330-6196-7. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Barry, Dan (14 March 2010). "A Quiet Evening, Waiting for the Next Angry Man". The New York Times.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
- Official page
- UMP operator's manual
- 2008 Heckler & Koch Military and LE brochure
- The UMP at Modern Firearms
- HKPRO page on UMP
- HKPRO page on the USC
- Nazarian's Gun Recognition Guide – H&K UMP Demonstration (MOV)