Hector Munro, 8th of Novar

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For other people named Hector Monro, see Hector Monro (disambiguation).
General
Sir Hector Munro
KB
Sir Hector Munro by David Martin.jpg
Member of Parliament for Inverness Burghs
In office
1801–1802
Preceded by Parliament of Great Britain
Succeeded by Alexander Cumming-Gordon
In office
1768–1801
Preceded by Sir Alexander Grant, Bt
Succeeded by Parliament of the United Kingdom
Personal details
Born 1726
Ross, Scotland
Died 27 December 1805
Scotland
Military service
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1747–1782
Rank General
Unit Loudon's Highlanders, 31st Foot, 34th Foot, 48th Foot, 70th Foot, 89th Foot
Commands Commander-in-Chief, India
Battles/wars Jacobite Rebellion
Battle of Buxar
Second Anglo-Mysore War
Awards Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath

General Sir Hector Munro, 8th laird of Novar KB (1726 – 27 December 1805) was a British soldier who became the ninth Commander-in-Chief of India (1764–1765).

Early military career in Scotland[edit]

The son of Hugh Munro of Novar, in Ross, Scotland, he was commissioned into Loudon's Highlanders in 1747. Hector is said to have got his first commission in the army after helping the Duchess of Gordon who was found travelling alone in Sutherland. Hector took over from a drunken coachman and brought her to safety, the Duchess later used her influence to procure him a Lieutenants commission in the 34th Regiment of Foot. On the regiment's disbandment in 1749 he transferred to the 48th Foot.[1]

Hector's family home was at Novar House early maps call it 'Tenuer' (Gaelic Tigh 'n fhuamhair, house of the giant).[2]

Apprehension of Jacobite rebels[edit]

In 1754 Munro transferred to the 31st Foot as a lieutenant. Also in 1754, Hector Munro was ordered to Badenoch with three squadrons of Dragoons to apprehend certain rebels in that district, with special instructions to apprehend John Dubh Cameron, better known as "Sergent Mor". Hector Munro successfully captured Cameron after he was betrayed by a local farmer. John Cameron was soon afterwards executed in Perth.[1]

Hector Munro was also tasked with capturing Cluny Macpherson, who took part in the Jacobite rising of 1745 to 1746. However Macpherson evaded Munro's grasp and escaped to France. Macpherson tradition is that one day Munro, with a large party of soldiers, surrounded Macpherson's house. With no means of escape, Macpherson dressed himself as a footman or groom, came forward and held Lieutenant Munro's horse while Munro searched his house for him. On return Munro is said to have handed the groom a shilling and then rode off. Another version of the story, however, is that Munro of Novar actually knew Cluny quite well and winked at him as he threw him the grooms fee.[1]

In 1756 Munro was promoted captain in the new 2nd Battalion, which became the 70th Foot in 1758. In 1759 he was appointed major in the newly raised 89th (Highland) Regiment of Foot.

War in India[edit]

The 89th regiment embarked at Portsmouth for the East Indies in December 1760, and arrived at Bombay in November following. The Duke of Gordon was desirous of accompanying the regiment, but his mother, at the especial request of George II of Great Britain, induced him to remain at home to finish his education.

The 89th had no particular station assigned to it, but kept moving from place to place until a strong detachment under Major Hector Munro joined the army under the command of Major Carnac, in the neighbourhood of Patna. Major Munro then assumed the command, and being well supported by his men, quelled a formidable mutiny among the troops. After 20 Sepoys had been executed by Major Munro by blowing them off guns, and with discipline restored, he attacked the enemy at Buxar, on 23 October 1764 in what became the Battle of Buxar. Though the force opposed to him was five times as numerous as his own, he overthrew and dispersed it. The enemy had 6000 men killed, and left 130 pieces of cannon on the field, whilst his majesty’s troops had only 2 officers and 4 rank and file killed.

Major Munro received a letter of thanks on the occasion from the President and Council of Calcutta. "The signal victory you gained," they say, "so as at one blow utterly to defeat the designs of the enemy against these provinces, is an event which does so much honour to yourself, Sir, in particular, and to all the officers and men under your command, and which, at the same time, is attended with such particular advantages to the Company, as call upon us to return you our sincere thanks." For this important service Major Munro was immediately promoted to the brevet rank of lieutenant colonel.

Member of Parliament[edit]

Returning home, he was elected, in 1768, as member of parliament for the Inverness Burghs, which he continued to represent for over thirty years, though much of this period was spent in India, where he returned in 1778 to take command of the Madras Army.

Return to India[edit]

Later in 1778 Munro took Pondichéry from the French, but in 1780 in the Second Anglo-Mysore War he was defeated by Hyder Ali near at Perambakam near Conjeeveram, and forced to fall back on St. Thomas Mount. There Sir Eyre Coote took command of the army, and in 1781 won a major victory against Hyder Ali at Porto Novo (Parangipettai), where Munro was in command of the right division. Negapatam was taken by Munro in November of the same year; and in 1782 he retired to Scotland.

The Fyrish Monument was ordered built by Munro in Fyrish, near Evanton, Easter Ross, Scotland, in 1782. He did this to provide work for the local unemployed population.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Alexander MacKenzie. "History of the Munroes of Foulis". p.515 - 536
  2. ^ Mapping the Clan Munro. Printed by Lindsay & Co Ltd Edinburgh

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
John Carnac
Commander-in-Chief, India
1764–1765
Succeeded by
John Carnac
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Grant, Bt.
Member of Parliament for Inverness Burghs
1768–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Inverness Burghs
18011802
Succeeded by
Alexander Cumming-Gordon