Temporal range: Silurian - Permian
|Scanning electron microscope image of a hederelloid from the Devonian of Michigan.|
|Phylum:||incertae sedis (possibly Phoronida)|
Hederellids are extinct colonial animals with calcitic tubular branching exoskeletons. They range from the Silurian to the Permian and were most common in the Devonian period. They are more properly known as "hederelloids" because they were originally defined as a suborder by Bassler (1939), who described about 130 species. Although they have traditionally been considered bryozoans, they are clearly not because of their branching patterns, lack of an astogenetic gradient, skeletal microstructure, and wide range in tube diameters (Wilson and Taylor, 2001). Work continues on assessing the true affinities of hederelloids, but they appear to be most closely related to phoronids and other lophophorates (Taylor and Wilson, 2008; Taylor et al., 2010).
- Family Hederellidae
- Family Reptariidae
Three hederelloid species on a Devonian rugose coral.
Hederelloids encrusting a brachiopod from the Devonian of Ohio.
Bassler, R.S. (1939) The Hederelloidea. A suborder of Paleozoic cyclostomatous Bryozoa. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 87:25-91.
Taylor, P.D., Vinn, O. and Wilson, M.A. (2010) Evolution of biomineralization in 'lophophorates'. Special Papers in Palaeontology, 84:317–333
Taylor, P.D. and Wilson, M.A. (2008) Morphology and affinities of hederelloid "bryozoans", p. 301-309. In: Hageman, S.J., Key, M.M., Jr., and Winston, J.E. (eds.), Bryozoan Studies 2007: Proceedings of the 14th International Bryozoology Conference, Boone, North Carolina, July 1–8, 2007. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication 15.
Wilson, M.A. and Taylor, P.D. (2001) “Pseudobryozoans” and the problem of encruster diversity in the Paleozoic. PaleoBios, 21 (supplement to no. 2):134-135.
Wilson, M.A. and Taylor, P.D. (2006) Predatory drillholes and partial mortality in Devonian colonial metazoans. Geology 34: 565-568.
|This article related to the Silurian period is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article related to the Devonian period is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article related to the Carboniferous period is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article related to the Permian period is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This invertebrate-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|