Hednesford

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Hednesford
Hednesford is located in Staffordshire
Hednesford
Hednesford
 Hednesford shown within Staffordshire
Population 17,343 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SK000126
District Cannock Chase
Shire county Staffordshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CANNOCK
Postcode district WS12
Dialling code 01543
Police Staffordshire
Fire Staffordshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Cannock Chase
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire

Coordinates: 52°42′41″N 2°00′02″W / 52.7115°N 2.0006°W / 52.7115; -2.0006

Hednesford (pronounced /ˈhɛnzfərd/[citation needed]) is a small town and civil parish in Staffordshire, England, within Cannock Chase District. It adjoins Cannock Chase to the north, and the town of Cannock to the south.

The town comprises three district council electoral wards whose populations in the 2011 census totalled 17,343.[1] It also comprises the civil parish of Hednesford and part of the civil parish of Brindley Heath.

History[edit]

Hednesford was an important coal mining community for over a century. This is commemorated in the town centre, where a Miner's Lamp has been erected, surrounded by a wall with individual bricks giving the names of former miners. The oldest sections of the town surround the hilltop areas of the existing town; however, the lower part of the town became the focal point as the community grew with the mining industry.

Between 1914 and 1918 two huge army training camps were built in the area and over a quarter of a million British and Commonwealth troops passed through destined for the Western Front. In 1938 a Royal Air Force training camp was established to train technicians in maintenance and repair of airframes and engines. No. 6 School of Technical training became better known as RAF Hednesford. The camp was later used for resettlement of Hungarian refugees fleeing from the Russian invasion of Budapest, in 1956. The site is now a part of Cannock Chase Country Park.

The urban area of Hednesford now spreads across a swathe of the northern fringe of Cannock, from Pye Green across to Heath Hayes, and is the southern gateway to Cannock Chase AONB. Economically Hednesford has suffered since the 1980s as more people travel to the larger towns and cities nearby and due to the absence of redevelopment it retains a traditional street scene with many sole traders operating speciality shops. However, the area around Anglesey Square has been landscaped to provide a pleasant public space with a public clock as a central feature. Currently, a £50 million regeneration of the town centre is taking place, with an 80,000sq ft Tesco being the centre piece. Also, a new drill hall for the local Army Cadet Detachment, shops and bingo hall have been constructed. The Tesco site is known as Victoria Shopping Park and the Bingo/Aldi site as Chase Gateway.

Demographics[edit]

Town[edit]

In the decade to 2011 the number of dwellings in the town rose by 7.8% to 7,482.[2][3] Of the town's 7,277 households in the 2011 census, 25.9% were one-person households including 10.7% where that person was 65 or over. 69.3% were one family with no others (8.2% all pensioners, 39.5% married or same-sex civil partnership couples, 12.6% cohabiting couples and 9.1% lone parents).[4] 29.9% of households had dependent children[4] including 3.4% with no adults in employment.[5] 72.4% of households owned their homes outright or with a mortgage or loan.[1]

Of the town's 14,206 residents in the 2011 census aged 16 and over, 30.6% were single (never married), 51.3% married, 0.15% in a registered same-sex civil partnership, 2.4% separated, 9.0% divorced and 6.5% widowed.[6] 26.0% had no formal qualifications and 50.0% had level 2+ qualifications (meaning 5+ GCSEs (grades A*-C) or 1+ 'A' levels/ AS levels (A-E) or equivalent minimum).[7]

77.3% of the 6,597 men aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 50.2% working full-time, 5.4% working part-time and 14.6% self-employed. The male unemployment rate (of those economically active) was 6.6% (See also Male unemployment).[8] 67.2% of the 6,515 women aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 31.9% working full-time, 25.4% working part-time and 3.5% self-employed. The female unemployment rate (of those economically active) was 4.7%.[9]

Of people in employment aged 16 to 74, 14.3% worked in basic industries (ONS categories A, B, and D-F including 12.2% in construction), 13.9% in manufacturing, and 71.8% in service industries (ONS categories G-U including 19.6% in wholesale and retail trade and vehicle repair, 11.9% in health and social work, 8.0% in education, 6.0% in public administration, 5.9% in transport and storage, 4.5% in administrative and support service activities, and 4.0% in accommodation and catering).[10] While 16.9% of households did not have access to a car or van,[11] 84.6% of people in employment travelled to work by car or van.[12]

79.1% of residents described their health as good or very good.[1] The proportion who described themselves as White British was 96.9%, with all white ethnic groups making up 97.9% of the population. The ethnic make-up of the rest of the population was 0.88% mixed/multiple ethnic groups, 0.56% Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi, 0.18% Chinese, 0.15% other Asian, 0.28% Black and 0.046% other.[13] 2.2% of Hednesford's residents were born outside the United Kingdom.[14]

The responses to the voluntary question "What is your religion?" were 'No religion' (23.3%), Christian (69.8%), Buddhist (0.18%), Hindu (0.17%), Jewish (0.006%), Muslim (0.21%), Sikh (0.21%), and other religion (0.26%). 5.9% gave no answer.[15]

Civil parish[edit]

The civil parish of Hednesford constitutes 96.8% of the population of the town. In the 2011 census it had 16,789 residents,[16] 7,239 dwellings,[17] and 7,058 households.[18]

Transport[edit]

Hednesford railway station re-opened in April 1989. It is on the Chase Line.

Education[edit]

Kingsmead Technology College is a specialist school in technology with around 1300 pupils aged 11–18.

Staffordshire University Academy formally Blake Valley Technology College until 2003 is a specialist school in every subject with around 750 pupils aged 11–18.

Hednesford & The Surrounding Areas (Heath Hayes, Pye Green Etc.), Also Contain Many Primary Schools.

These Include:

  • West Hill Primary School
  • Pye Green Primary School
  • Red Hill Primary School
  • Moor Hill Primary School
  • Hazleslade Primary School
  • Gorsemoor Primary School
  • Heath Hayes Primary School
  • St Peters C Of E Primary School
  • St Joseph's Catholic Primary School

Sport[edit]

The town is best known for Hednesford Hills Raceway, the stock car track built on the site of a disused reservoir, which has brought tens of thousands of race fans to the area since the mid-1950s and still attracts crowds of several thousand to its major events.

The town's semi-professional football team, Hednesford Town F.C., currently play in the Conference North and won the FA Trophy in 2004.

The town's most prominent sportsperson is that of former footballer Brian Horton, who played for the Pitmen in the late sixties and early seventies. After a long professional career, he went on to manage Manchester City, Macclesfield Town and Port Vale amongst others, and is currently assistant manager of Championship side Doncaster Rovers

Notable people[edit]

Joe Dakin (Full Time Legend)

Politics

  • Patrick McLoughlin (Secretary of State for Transport)

Television


Sport See also Category:Hednesford Town F.C. players.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  2. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Dwellings: 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Dwellings: 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Dwellings: 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  3. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Dwellings: 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Dwellings: 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Dwellings: 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  4. ^ a b "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  5. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc, 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc, 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc, 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  6. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership Status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership Status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership Status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  7. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  8. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  9. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  10. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  11. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  12. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  13. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  14. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  15. ^ "Hednesford Green Heath (Ward): Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
    "Hednesford North (Ward): Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
    "Hednesford South (Ward): Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  16. ^ "Hednesford (Parish): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  17. ^ "Hednesford (Parish): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  18. ^ "Hednesford (Parish): Household Composition - Households, 2011 (QS113EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  19. ^ http://biogs.com/apprentice/kate.html

External links[edit]