Heidi Heitkamp

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Heidi Heitkamp
Heidi Heitkamp official portrait 113th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from North Dakota
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Serving with John Hoeven
Preceded by Kent Conrad
28th Attorney General of North Dakota
In office
December 15, 1992 – December 15, 2000
Governor Ed Schafer
Preceded by Nicholas Spaeth
Succeeded by Wayne Stenehjem
20th Tax Commissioner of North Dakota
In office
December 2, 1986 – December 15, 1992
Governor George Sinner
Preceded by Kent Conrad
Succeeded by Robert Hanson
Personal details
Born Mary Kathryn Heitkamp
(1955-10-30) October 30, 1955 (age 59)
Breckenridge, Minnesota, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Darwin Lange[1]
Children 2
Alma mater University of North Dakota
Lewis and Clark College
Religion Roman Catholicism[2]

Mary Kathryn "Heidi" Heitkamp (born October 30, 1955) is the junior United States Senator from North Dakota, in office since 2013, and a member of the North Dakota Democratic-Nonpartisan League Party. She was the 28th North Dakota Attorney General, serving from 1993 to 2001, and State Tax Commissioner from 1989 to 1993.

Heitkamp was an unsuccessful candidate for governor in the 2000 gubernatorial election, losing to John Hoeven. She considered a bid for the Democratic nomination in the 2010 U.S. Senate election to replace retiring Senator Byron Dorgan,[3] but on March 3, 2010, declined the rematch against Hoeven, who was ultimately elected.[4]

In November 2011, Heitkamp declared her candidacy to replace Kent Conrad as U.S. Senator from North Dakota in the 2012 election.[5] She narrowly defeated Republican Congressman Rick Berg on November 6, 2012, in that year's closest Senate race, with Berg conceding the next day.[6] She is North Dakota's second female senator, after Jocelyn Burdick, and the first to be elected.[7]

Early life, education, and early career[edit]

Heitkamp was born in Breckenridge, Minnesota, the fourth of seven children of Doreen LaVonne (née Berg) and Raymond Bernard Heitkamp.[8] Her father was of German descent, while her mother is of half Norwegian and half German ancestry.[8] Heitkamp was raised in Mantador, North Dakota. She earned a B.A. from the University of North Dakota in 1977 and a J.D. from Lewis and Clark Law School in 1980.[9]

In 1980-81, she was an attorney for the United States Environmental Protection Agency.[10] She next worked for the Office of the North Dakota State Tax Commissioner as an attorney. In 1986, incumbent State Tax Commissioner Kent Conrad decided to retire in order to run for the U.S. Senate. Heitkamp ran for the position and won the statewide election with 66% of the vote against Republican Marshall Moore.[11] She served in that position until 1992.

Attorney General[edit]

In 1992, the incumbent North Dakota Attorney General, Democrat Nick Spaeth, decided to retire in order to run for governor of North Dakota. Heitkamp ran for the position and won with 62% of the vote.[12] In 1996, she won reelection with 64% of the vote.[13]

Heitkamp's best-known achievement as Attorney General of North Dakota was to lead the state's legal efforts against tobacco companies,[when?] which resulted in the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement.[14] This provides for the tobacco companies to pay the state funds to be applied to health care costs.[citation needed]

2000 gubernatorial election[edit]

In 2000, incumbent Republican Governor Ed Schafer decided not to seek a third term. Heitkamp ran and was unopposed in the primary. On the Republican side, John Hoeven, CEO of Bank of North Dakota, also ran unopposed. During her campaign for governor it was announced that Heitkamp had been diagnosed with breast cancer, which is now in remission. Hoeven defeated her 55% to 45%. Heitkamp won 12 of the state's 53 counties.[15]

Business career (2001–2011)[edit]

Heitkamp served as the director of Dakota Gasification Company's Great Plains Synfuels Plant from 2001 to 2012.[1][16][17] Her brother, Joel, is a radio talk-show host and former North Dakota state senator. Heitkamp has occasionally filled in for her brother as host of his program, News and Views, which is broadcast on Clear Channel stations in North Dakota.[citation needed]

U.S. Senate[edit]

2012 election[edit]

In January 2011, incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Kent Conrad announced his intent to retire instead of seeking a fourth full term in 2012.[18] On November 8, 2011, she announced that she would seek the open seat.[19] She vowed to be "an independent voice."[20]

Heitkamp was attacked in commercials for accepting campaign contributions from a trial lawyer, Jack McConnell, Jr., assigned by her to help North Dakota implement its settlement with tobacco companies when she served as state attorney general. She released an ad to respond to these allegations. [clarification needed][21]

Heitkamp won the November 6, 2012, Senate election by 2,994 votes, less than 1% of the ballots cast. Berg conceded the race the next day.[22] If he had not, the race could have been subject to a "demand recount" under North Dakota law, which permits candidates to demand a recount if they lose an election by more than 0.5% but less than 2% of the vote cast for the candidate receiving the most votes for the office sought.[23] Upon winning the election, Heitkamp became North Dakota's second female U.S. Senator.[24] She serves alongside her former gubernatorial opponent John Hoeven.

Committee assignments[edit]

Political positions[edit]

Health care[edit]

Heitkamp has said that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act contains "good and bad" and "it needs to be fixed." She criticized her Senate opponent Rick Berg for wanting to repeal the law, citing concerns about insurance companies denying coverage to children with preexisting conditions.[25] Berg and the NRSC criticized Heitkamp for offering unqualified support for the health care law until she ran for the Senate in 2011, citing footage of her at a 2010 rally where she called the bill "a legacy vote" without any criticism of it.[26][27]

During the United States federal government shutdown of 2013, Heitkamp criticized Republican attempts to use the Continuing Appropriations Resolution as "a vehicle to legislate other issues," such as the defunding of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and a delay of its individual mandate.[28] Heitkamp was one of 14 members of the bipartisan Senate group that negotiated the compromise that was the basis of the eventual deal to end the shutdown.[29] During the government shutdown in 2013 Heitkamp donated about $8,000 of her salary to North Dakota charities that support veterans, provide healthcare supplies to those that cannot afford them, and raise Breast Cancer awareness.[30]

Spending[edit]

Heitkamp said she would support a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution "with exceptions" if elected. Heitkamp said such exceptions would include wartime spending, Social Security, Medicare, and a ban on tax cuts for those making more than $1 million per year.[31]

Taxes[edit]

Heitkamp announced in a campaign press release in 2012 that she supports the Buffett Rule. Heitkamp supports implementing the Buffett Rule via the Paying a Fair Share Act, which would require those making a gross income of $1,000,000 or more to pay at least a 30% federal tax rate.[32]

Filibuster reform[edit]

Heitkamp said she supports reforming the filibuster in the United States Senate, but has not specifically endorsed the Merkley/Udall/Harkin proposal for doing so.[33]

Energy[edit]

Heitkamp said she supports the Keystone XL pipeline because it will create jobs, decrease America's dependence on foreign oil from the Middle East, and help drive down the national debt.[34] She also said many who oppose hydraulic fracturing have been exposed to "junk science" and do not know what it really is.[35]

Same-sex marriage[edit]

On April 5, 2013, Heitkamp announced her support of same-sex marriage, along with fellow Democratic Senator Joe Donnelly (D-Indiana), who entered the Senate the same time Heitkamp did. Both are Roman Catholics.[36]

Gun control[edit]

On April 11, 2013, Heitkamp explained in an interview that she intended to vote against the Manchin-Toomey amendment introduced in the Senate after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, which would have amended the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act to expand background checks to gun shows and internet purchases.[37] Heitkamp stated, "I'm going to represent my state. ... in the end it's not what any other senator believes. It's about what the people of North Dakota believe."[37]

Personal life[edit]

Heitkamp is married to Darwin Lange, a family practitioner. They reside in Mandan and are the parents of two adult children, Ali and Nathan. Heitkamp is Roman Catholic.[2]

Electoral history[edit]

North Dakota U.S. Senate Election 2012[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Heidi Heitkamp 161,337 50.24
Republican Rick Berg 158,401 49.32
North Dakota Gubernatorial Election 2000[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Hoeven 159,255 55.03
Democratic Heidi Heitkamp 130,144 44.97

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "In North Dakota, a Competitive Contest for Senate". nytimes.com. September 30, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Mary 'Heidi' Kathryn Heitkamp". The Washington Times. 
  3. ^ Miller, Sean J. (January 7, 2010). "Heitkamp 'very interested' in rematch with Hoeven". The Hill. 
  4. ^ McPike, Erin (March 3, 2010). "Heitkamp Won't Run In ND". The Hotline. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  5. ^ Daum, Kristen M (November 8, 2011). "SPECULATION NO MORE: Heitkamp announces U.S. Senate run". Flickertales from The Hill. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Democrat Heidi Heitkamp defeats Republican Rick Berg to win US Senate race in North Dakota", Associated Press November 7, 2012; accessed November 13, 2014.
  7. ^ "Election Night in North Dakota". kfyrtv.com. November 7, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Heitkamp genealogy site, freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com; accessed November 13, 2014.
  9. ^ "HEITKAMP, Mary Kathryn (Heidi)". Washington, D.C.: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. January 3, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  10. ^ Heidi Heitkamp biography, dakotagas.com; accessed November 13, 2014.
  11. ^ "ND Tax Commissioner Race - November 8, 1988". Our Campaigns. Retrieved November 11, 2011. 
  12. ^ "ND Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1992. Retrieved November 11, 2011. 
  13. ^ "ND Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 5, 1996. Retrieved November 11, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Attorneys General announce Tobacco Settlement Proposal" (Press release). Washington State Office of the Attorney General. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  15. ^ "ND Governor Race - November 7, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved November 11, 2011. 
  16. ^ Smith, Nick (October 7, 2012). "Heitkamp campaigns on problem solving over partisanship". bismarcktribune.com. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  17. ^ Nelson, Eliot (January 3, 2013). "Heidi Heitkamp Sworn In To Senate, Awkwardness Ensues". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  18. ^ Haga, Chuck (January 18, 2011). "Conrad's current Senate term his last". Grand Forks Herald. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  19. ^ "ND Democrat Heidi Heitkamp to run for US Senate". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. November 8, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011. 
  20. ^ Camia, Catalina (November 8, 2011). "Democrats promote Heitkamp in N.D. Senate race". USA Today. Retrieved November 11, 2011. 
  21. ^ James Hohmann (August 16, 2012). "Ryan welcomes Medicare fight--Obama defends Biden--Crossroads hits Heitkamp--First DCCC IE of the cycle--Sabato says Wisconsin Senate leans Republican". Politico. 
  22. ^ Eccher, Marino (November 7, 2012). "Berg concedes Senate race, averting recount". Forum Communications. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  23. ^ "2011–13 North Dakota Secretary of State Recount Guidelines". vip.sos.nd.gov. August 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2012. NDCC § 16.1-16-01(2)(b) Demand Recounts – If an individual fails to be elected by more than 0.5% but less than 2% of the vote cast for the candidate receiving the most votes for the office sought. 
  24. ^ McElwaine, Sandra (January 23, 2014). "Never Bet Against Senator Heidi Heitkamp, North Dakota's Rising Star". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  25. ^ Rachel Weiner (June 18, 2012). "Heidi Heitkamp runs with Obamacare". Washington Post. 
  26. ^ Toeplitz, Shira (June 18, 2012). "North Dakota: New Heidi Heitkamp Spot Tackles Health Care". Roll Call. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  27. ^ Mike Nowatzki (October 28, 2012). "Poll: 60% in ND oppose Obamacare". The Dickinson Express. Retrieved October 21, 2013. 
  28. ^ Mike Nowatzki (October 2, 2013). "ND delegation members call for compromise to end gov't shutdown". The Dickinson Press. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  29. ^ Mike Nowatzki (October 16, 2013). "Heitkamp on Senate debt limit deal: ‘The adults are taking charge’". Grand Forks Herald. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  30. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (February 28, 2014). "10 ways members gave back after the government shutdown". Washington Post. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  31. ^ Celock, John (September 13, 2012). "Heidi Heitkamp, North Dakota Senate Candidate, Touts Obama Independence In New Ad". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 9, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Heitkamp Challenges Rep. Berg: Focus on Deficit Reduction and Support Buffett Rule, Not Cutting Your Own Taxes". heidifornorthdakota.com. April 9, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Two freshmen Democrats wobbly now on the talking filibuster". dailykos.com. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Heitkamp warns Obama on Keystone XL Pipeline approval". USA Today. September 27, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  35. ^ Michael, McAuliff (September 13, 2012). "Heidi Heitkamp Fracking Views Clash With Major Donors' Interest". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 9, 2012. 
  36. ^ Robillard, Kevin (April 5, 2013). "Two more Democratic senators endorse gay marriage". Politico. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  37. ^ a b Weisman, Jonathan (April 11, 2013). "For Swing-State Democrats, Political Liability on Gun Control Issue". New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Official Portal for North Dakota State Government - Secretary of State - Election Night Results". November 15, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2012. 
  39. ^ "NORTH DAKOTA'S OFFICIAL ABSTRACT OF VOTES CAST AT THE GENERAL ELECTION HELD ON NOVEMBER 7, 2000". nd.gov. Retrieved December 1, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kent Conrad
Tax Commissioner of North Dakota
1986–1992
Succeeded by
Robert Hanson
Preceded by
Nicholas Spaeth
Attorney General of North Dakota
1992–2000
Succeeded by
Wayne Stenehjem
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lee Kaldor
Democratic Party nominee for Governor of North Dakota
2000
Succeeded by
Joe Satrom
Preceded by
Kent Conrad
Democratic Party nominee for U.S. Senator from North Dakota
(Class 1)

2012
Most recent
United States Senate
Preceded by
Kent Conrad
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from North Dakota
2013–present
Served alongside: John Hoeven
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Deb Fischer
United States Senators by seniority
97th
Succeeded by
Ed Markey