Heilbronn (district)

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Heilbronn
District
Baden-Württemberg HN (district).svg
Country  Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Adm. region Stuttgart
Capital Heilbronn
Area
 • Total 1,099.59 km2 (424.55 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 324,543
 • Density 300/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration HN
Website http://www.landkreis-heilbronn.de

Landkreis Heilbronn (German pronunciation: [haɪlˈbʁɔn] ( )) is a district (Kreis) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Neckar-Odenwald, Hohenlohe, Schwäbisch Hall, Rems-Murr, Ludwigsburg, Enz, Karlsruhe and Rhein-Neckar. In the centre of it is the free-city of Heilbronn, which is its own separate administrative area.

History[edit]

The predecessor to the district is the Oberamt Heilbronn, which was created in 1803 when the previously Free Imperial City of Heilbronn was incorporated into the Electorate of Württemberg. In 1926, about half of the Oberamt (old district) of Weinsberg was added. In 1938, it was recognized as a district, and in addition to the previous Oberamt, parts of the dissolved Oberämter Neckarsulm, Brackenheim, Marbach and Besigheim were added. The city of Heilbronn was not included into the district. In 1973, the Landkreise (districts) were reorganized, and part of the dissolved districts of Sinsheim, Mosbach, Buchen and Schwäbisch Hall were added. Within the following two years 5 municipalities were incorporated into the city and therefore left the district, which got its current borders in 1975.

Geography[edit]

The main river in the district is the Neckar, which flows through the district from the south to the north. The western part of the district belongs to the landscape Kraichgau, the east to the Hohenloher Ebene, Kocher-Jagst-Ebene, and the Löwensteiner Berge.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows a clawless eagle, the symbol of the Counts of Lauffen, who ruled the area of the district in the 13th century.

Cities and municipalities[edit]

  1. Bad Friedrichshall
  2. Bad Rappenau
  3. Bad Wimpfen
  4. Beilstein
  5. Brackenheim
  6. Eppingen
  7. Güglingen
  8. Gundelsheim
  9. Lauffen
  10. Löwenstein
  11. Möckmühl
  12. Neckarsulm
  13. Neudenau
  14. Neuenstadt am Kocher
  15. Schwaigern
  16. Weinsberg
  17. Widdern
Cities Municipalities
  1. Abstatt
  2. Cleebronn
  3. Eberstadt
  4. Ellhofen
  5. Erlenbach (Württemberg)
  6. Flein
  7. Gemmingen
  8. Hardthausen (Kocher)
  9. Ilsfeld
  10. Ittlingen
  11. Jagsthausen
  12. Kirchardt
  13. Langenbrettach
  14. Lehrensteinsfeld
  15. Leingarten
  16. Massenbachhausen
  17. Neckarwestheim
  18. Nordheim (Württemberg)
  19. Obersulm
  20. Oedheim
  21. Offenau
  22. Olnhausen
  23. Pfaffenhofen
  24. Roigheim
  25. Siegelsbach
  26. Talheim
  27. Untereisesheim
  28. Untergruppenbach
  29. Wüstenrot
  30. Zaberfeld
Administrative districts
  1. Bad Friedrichshall
  2. Bad Rappenau
  3. Brackenheim
  4. Eppingen
  5. Flein-Talheim
  6. Lauffen
  7. Möckmühl
  8. Neckarsulm
  9. Neuenstadt
  10. Oberes Zabergäu
  11. Obersulm
  12. Schozach-Bottwartal
  13. Schwaigern
  14. Raum Weinsberg

References[edit]

  1. ^ [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°10′N 9°15′E / 49.16°N 9.25°E / 49.16; 9.25