Heinkel He 72

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He 72 Kadett
Bkadet2.jpg
Role Military basic trainer
Manufacturer Heinkel Flugzeugwerke
First flight 1933
Status out of service
Primary users Luftwaffe
National Socialist Flyers Corps
Slovenské vzdušné zbrane
Number built Several thousand [1]

The Heinkel He 72 Kadett ("Cadet") was a German single-engine biplane trainer of the 1930s.

Development[edit]

The Kadett was designed in 1933 to meet an official requirement for a basic trainer. It was a single-bay biplane of fabric-covered, metal construction with open cockpits, a staggered wing, a strut-braced tail unit, and fixed tailskid undercarriage. The prototype was powered by a 104 kW (139 hp) Argus As 8B air-cooled inline engine.[2]

The first production model, the He 72A retained the As 8B engine in early batches, but later production aircraft had a 112 kW (150 hp) As 8R. The He 72A was superseded by the He 72B, which was the major production version. This was powered by a 120 kW (160 bhp) Siemens-Halske Sh 14A radial.[2]

The He 72B was produced as the He 72B-1 landplane and He 72BW Seekadett ("Sea Cadet") twin-float seaplane. The civil development was the He 72B-3 Edelkadett ("Noble Cadet").[2]

Operational history[edit]

The Kadett entered service with National Socialist Flyers Corps before the formation of the Luftwaffe. Later, it became a standard basic trainer with the Luftwaffe. Slovak forces used it in the attack role.[2]

Variants[edit]

  • He 72A Kadett : Initial production version.
  • He 72B :
  • He 72B-1 :
  • He 72B-3 Edelkadett : Civil adaptation of He 72B-1. 30 built.
  • He 72BW Seekadett : Twin-float seaplane. Prototype only.
  • He 172 - He 72B with NACA cowling. Prototype only in 1934.

Operators[edit]

 Bulgaria
 Czechoslovakia
 Germany
 Japan
 Slovakia

Specifications (He 72B-1)[edit]

Data from "The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft" [3]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wood and Gunston 1977, p.179.
  2. ^ a b c d "The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft" Editors: Paul Eden & Soph Moeng, (Amber Books Ltd. Bradley's Close, 74-77 White Lion Street, London, NI 9PF, 2002, ISBN 0-7607-3432-1), 1152 pp.
  3. ^ Editors: Paul Eden & Soph Moeng, 2002, ISBN 0-7607-3432-1, page 833
  • Wood, Tony and Bill Gunston. Hitler's Luftwaffe: A Pictorial History and Technical Encyclopedia of Hitler's Air Power in World War II. London:Salamander books,1977. ISBN 0-86101-005-1.