|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (August 2013)|
He was a member of the famous Moravian-Austrian Auspitz Family (de). Heinrich was a son of Jewish surgeon Moritz (de) (1803, Nikolsburg – 1880). His younger brother Leopold (de) (1838, Nikolsburg – 1907) was an Imperial & Royal Generalmajor and writer. In 1840, Moritz was gave a job at a Jewish hospital in Vienna, and allowed better education to his sons.
Trained at the University of Vienna, he specialized in dermatology and syphilis. He was part of the famous Vienna School of Dermatology, and studied and worked with several eminent physicians of the time; Ernst Wilhelm (Ritter von) Brücke (1819, Berlin – 1892), Karel (Carl) Freiherr von Rokytanský (1804, Bohemia – 1878), Josef Škoda (1805, Bohemia –1881), Johann Ritter von Oppolzer (1808, Bohemia – 1871), and Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra (1816, Moravia –1880).
From 1863 he served as privat-docent of dermatology and syphilis, becoming an associate professor in 1875 at the University of Vienna. Here, he was also the director of the general policlinic from 1872. In 1884 he was named chief of a clinical station upon the death of Hermann Edler von Zeissl (1817, Moravia – 1884).
A pioneer in tissue pathology, he described the pinpoint bleeding on removal of a psoriasis scale that bears his name: Auspitz's sign. In 1885 he published an article involving Mycosis fungoides titled Ein Fall von Granuloma fungoides (Mycosis fungoides Alibert).
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