Heinrich Friedrich Füger (help·info) (8 December 1751 Heilbronn – 5 November 1818 Vienna) was a German portrait and historical painter.
He was a pupil of Guibal in Stuttgart and of Oeser in Leipzig. Afterward he traveled and spent some time in Rome and Naples, where he painted frescoes in the Palazzo Caserta. On his return to Vienna he was appointed court painter, professor and vice director of the Academy, and in 1806 director of the Belvedere Gallery. Among his historical paintings are: “The Farewell of Coriolanus” (Czernin Gallery, Vienna), “Allegory on the Peace of Vienna” (1801), “The Death of Germanicus” (1789), “The Murder of Caesar”, and “Bathsheba” (Budapest Gallery). Among his portraits are those of the Emperor Joseph II, the Grand Duchess Elizabeth Wilhelmine of Württemberg, Queen Caroline of Naples, and Lord Nelson (National Portrait Gallery, London). He painted in the classic style of David and Mengs and was inclined to be theatrical.
Füger was also a teacher; among his pupils was Gustav Philipp Zwinger, and Franciszek Ksawery Lampi.