Lissauer is known for his description of the posterolateral tract of the spinal cord which was to become known as "Lissauer's tract". Another eponymous term associated with Lissauer is "Lissauer's paralysis", which is an apoplectic type of general paresis.
Among his written works was an influential treatise on visual agnosia, being referred to as Seelenblindheit in 19th-century German medicine, which roughly translates to "soul blindness". Lissauer died in Hallstatt, Austria on September 21, 1891 at the age of 30.
- Beitrag zum Faserverlauf im Hinterhorn des menschlichen Rückenmarks und zum Verhalten desselben bei Tabes Dorsalis
- Ein Fall von Seelenblindheit, nebst einem Beitrag zur Theorie derselben. In: Archiv fur Psychiatrie und. Nervenkrankheiten, Jg. 21 (1890), S. 222-270.
- Sehhügelveränderungen bei progressiver Paralyse. In: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, Jg. 16 (1890).