Heinrich Reffle von Richtenberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Heinrich Reffle von Richtenberg
Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
Henryk VII Reffle von Richtenberg.PNG
Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
Reign 1470-1477
Predecessor Heinrich Reuß von Plauen
Successor Martin Truchseß von Wetzhausen
House von Richtenberg
Born 1415
Swabia
Died 1477
Königsberg, State of the Teutonic Order
Burial Königsberg Cathedral

Heinrich Reffle von Richtenberg (died 1477) was the 33rd Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1470 to 1477.

After being defeated in the Thirteen Years' War, the Teutonic Order was forced to surrender western Prussia to Poland and become Polish vassals in the Second Peace of Thorn of 1466. Von Richtenberg's predecessor Heinrich Reuß von Plauen had delayed his in order to avoid having to pay homage to the King of Poland. After finally doing so in 1470, he died on his way home.

The main struggle in Prussia during the tenure of von Richtenberg was the War of the Priests, a dispute between the Bishopric of Warmia, which claimed to have received Prince-Bishopric status by Emperor Charles IV a century prior, and King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland. The Order successfully supported Nicolaus von Tüngen in the dispute.

Von Richtenberg died in Königsberg.

References[edit]

  • Friedrich Borchert: "Die Hochmeister des Deutschen Ordens in Preußen." In: Preußische Allgemeine Zeitung, 6 October 2001.


Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
Preceded by
Heinrich Reuß von Plauen
Hochmeister
1470–1477
Succeeded by
Martin Truchseß von Wetzhausen