Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz

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Heinrich XXII
Prince Reuss of Greiz
HendrikXXII.jpg
Prince Heinrich XXII ca. 1902
Spouse Princess Ida of Schaumburg-Lippe
Issue Heinrich XXIV, Prince Reuss of Greiz
Princess Emma
Princess Marie
Caroline, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Hermine, German Empress and Queen of Prussia
Princess Ida
Father Heinrich XX, Prince Reuss of Greiz
Mother Princess Caroline of Hesse-Homburg
Born (1846-03-28)28 March 1846
Greiz, Reuss Elder Line
Died 19 April 1902(1902-04-19) (aged 56)
Greiz, Reuss Elder Line

Prince Heinrich XXII Reuss of Greiz (Greiz, 28 March 1846 – Greiz, 19 April 1902) was the reigning sovereign of Reuss, a small principality of the German states, from 1859 to his death in 1902.[1][2]

Reign[edit]

Prince Heinrich succeeded as reigning Prince Reuss of Greiz after the death of his father on 8 November 1859.[3] As Heinrich was a mere thirteen years of age, his mother Caroline served as regent until his majority at the age of 21. As the daughter of an Austrian general and the wife of an Austrian officer, Caroline was vehemently anti-Prussian. As a result, during the Austro-Prussian War, Reuss was occupied by Prussian troops, who remained until a payment of 100,000 thalers.

On 28 March 1867, Heinrich took the reins of government into his own hands. Upon taking full power, he gave his principality its first constitution. Like his parents, Heinrich remained anti-Prussian his entire life, repeatedly rejecting Prussian measures such as Kulturkampf and the creation of civil marriages. Heinrich, as well as his subjects in Reuss, refused fully to accept that the Hohenzollern German Emperors had precedence over other royal houses; for instance, when asked about his relationship with the Emperor, Heinrich would simply respond that they "were allies for the common defense of the German Federation".[4] Heinrich lost no opportunity to displease the Emperor, declining to permit the construction of any memorial to Emperor Wilhelm I, Wilhelm II's beloved grandfather.[5] Heinrich also refused to tolerate any demonstrations of mourning, either official or in private when the deaths of emperors Wilhelm I and Frederick III occurred, and forbade any celebration of the anniversaries of the German victories of 1870.[5]

Prince Heinrich was very wealthy, as the greater part of the territory he ruled over was his private property.[2][6] At the end of his rule, Reuss contained fewer than 70,000 people, and comprised an area of 122 square miles.[3][4]

Frankfurt National Assembly[edit]

In the late 1840s, there were discussions at the Frankfurt National Assembly for the creation of a hereditary imperial royal family that would rule over a united Germany, along with a new parliament and constitution.[7] There was much debate however on which particular royal dynasty would become Emperor, as many Germans refused to back the Hohenzollern claim. This led Prince John of Saxony for instance to remark that "If the nine Electors of the old German Empire were restored, the Prince of Reuss-Greiz would have a better chance of being Emperor than the King of Prussia".[8]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 8 October 1872, he married Princess Ida of Schaumburg-Lippe, a daughter of Adolf I, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe.[1][2][6] They had the following children:

Death and succession[edit]

Prince Heinrich died of heart trouble on 19 April 1902.[1][3] His death meant his mentally and physically disabled only son Prince Heinrich became reigning prince of Reuss.[5] As the prince was clearly unable to fulfill these duties, arrangements for a regency were made. A younger branch of the Reuss family was next-in-line to the title, but there was some concern that Heinrich might choose another for the regency, as he disliked them.[5] In the end, Heinrich's distant cousin Prince Heinrich XXVII was chosen; his wife was a cousin of Empress Augusta Viktoria, and the prince himself had served alongside Emperor Wilhelm in the regiment of the Hussars of the Guard, thus repairing relations between the houses of Hohenzollern and Reuss.[5]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 28 March 1846 – 8 November 1859: His Serene Highness Prince Heinrich XXII Reuss of Greiz
  • 8 November 1859 – 19 April 1902: His Serene Highness The Prince Reuss of Greiz[1]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Heinrich XXII Prinz Reuss zu Greiz". Retrieved 9 October 2010. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ a b c Martin (1879), p. 173.
  3. ^ a b c "Prince Heinrich XXII. Dead", The New York Times (Greitz, Reuss-Greitz, Germany), 20 April 1902 
  4. ^ a b "Heinrich XXII. of Reuss", The New York Times, 11 May 1902 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Late Gossip Of Foreign Capitals", The Washington Post, 24 April 1902 
  6. ^ a b Martin (1889), p. 184.
  7. ^ Dawson, pp. 55-56.
  8. ^ Dawson, p. 56.

Sources[edit]

  • Harbutt Dawson, William (1919). The German Empire, 1867-1914, and the Unity Movement. New York: Macmillan and Co. 
  • Martin, Frederick (1879). The Statesman's Year Book, 1879. London: Macmillan and Co. 
  • Martin, Frederick (1889). The Statesman's Year Book, 1889. London: Macmillan and Co. 
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz
Cadet branch of the House of Reuss
Born: 28 March 1846 Died: 19 April 1902
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Heinrich XX
Prince Reuss of Greiz
1859 – 1902
Succeeded by
Heinrich XXIV